译林牛津模块7 Unit 2 Project 学案(译林牛津版高二

时间:2021-04-25 16:38       来源: 未知
译林牛津模块7 Unit 2 Project 学案(译林牛津版高二英语选修七学案设计)

M7 Unit2 Fit for life

Project

编写

Teaching aims:

Improve the students’ ability of practice.

Important points & difficult points:

1. Read the passage about Chinese medicine.

2. Language points in the text.<译林牛津模块7 Unit 2 Project 学案(译林牛津版高二英语选修七学案设计)/p>

Language points

1. Chinese medicine has amazed many…with its different approach to health…

approach

n. (1) 接近

At her approach the children ran off. 她走近的时候,孩子们都跑了。

(2) 通路,道路

All the approaches to the palace were guaded by soldiers.

通往宫殿的所有的路都有士兵把守。

(3) 方法,手段

a new approach to learning English 学英语的一种新方法

v. (1) (在空间或时间上)接近,靠近

The time for graduation is approching. 毕业的日这近了。

(2)着手处理

Before trying to solve the problem let’s consider the best way to approch it.

要想解决这一问题,咱们先来考虑一下如何着手为上策。

2. practise (1). 练习,实习

He is prsctising throwing the ball into the net. 他在联系投篮。

(2)经常做,养成习惯

Why don’t you practise what you preach? 你为何光说不做呢?

be/get out of practice 荒疏 in pratice 实际上,事实上;熟练的

3. They think that the use of acupuncture began during the Stone Age when …or sharp-edged tools,…

sharp adj. 锋利的,尖的;突然的,急转弯的; 尖刻的,辛辣的;灵敏的,敏锐的.

1). 这把大剪刀不够快,剪不动草。

The shears aren’t sharp enough to cut the grass.

a sharp drop in price 价格的聚降 a sharp turn to the left 向左急转

2). We were surprised by the sharp tone of her comments.

她尖锐的评论令我们吃惊.

3). The cheese is a little too sharp for me.

我觉得这干酪味道太重了.

a sharp sense of humor 很强的幽默感

4. take one’s place 就座;取代 take the place of sb/sth 取代

5.…and a sword-like needle for letting liquid out of swollen parts.

let sth. out 放出;泄露,透出;发出(叫声);出租;把(衣服)放大

别泄露我失业了,好吗?

Don’t let it out about my losing my job, will you?

他们决定以低租金把那些较小的办公室租出去。

They decided to let out the smaller offices at low rents.

例:He accidentally _____ that he had quarrelled with his wife and that he hadn’t been home for a couple of weeks.

A. let out B. took care C. made sure D. made out

解析:let sth. out 泄露,透漏(消息等)。take care 小心(不能带宾语)。make sure确信,务必。make out 辨认出,理解,了解。

6. a/the majority of… ……的大多数

7. involve (1). 把……卷入……中,连累

Involve sb/sth in/with sth

Don’t involve me in your quarrel. 不要把我卷入你们的争吵中。

(2)使热衷于,使专心(常用被动语态)

He is now involved in stocks. 他现在热衷于炒股。

8. Acupuncture involves putting stainless steel needles into the skin at certain points…

point of view 观点

on the point of 正要…的时候

to the point 中肯,扼要;切中要害

There is not much/ no point (in) doing sth.

表示“做某事是没有用的或者是没有道理的”

1). 我们队获得了80分.

Our team scored 80 points.

2). 我不理解你的想法,这会儿这么做有什么意义?

I don’t understand your point. What’s the point of doing this at this point?

3). 同他争辩是没有什么用的.

There is very little point in arguing with him.

--- Shall we have a talk with her and try to persuade her not to see a movie tonight?

--- There is no ____ talking to her. She never listens.

A. good B. value C. point D. worth

9. the same as 与……一样;相同; as 为介词

What’s another word that means the same as “perhaps”?

另一个与perhaps相同意义的词是哪个?

The same也可与as引导的定语从句连用,此时as为关系代词

I won’t the same bike as you bought yesterday. 我想要你昨天买的同样的车。

区别:the same … as 和the same…that

This is the same bag that I lost yesterday. 这就是我昨天丢失的包.

This is the same bag as I lost yesterday. 这个包和我昨天丢失的一样.

10. Some people have also used acupuncture to treat addictions to cigarettes,…

addiction n.(常与to 连用)成瘾,沉溺,入迷

1). 他的酒瘾毁了他的一生.

  Her addiction to alcohol ruined her life.

2). 有些肥胖的问题是由于太爱吃糖和脂肪含量高的事物引起的.

  Some weight problems are caused by an addiction to sugar and fat.

11. In the West, acupuncture has become very popular, as has chinese traditional herbal medicine.

划线部分是一个倒装句, as作为代词代替前面讲述的情况,表情况相同.常用句型为: as+be/do+主语,相当于so+be/do+主语

She is unusually tall, as/so are both her parents. 她个特别高,她父母也都很高.

Unit 4 Sharing

教材分析和教材重组

教材分析

本单元的重点话题是帮助弱者、志愿服务、合作共享等。通过听、说、读、写等活动不仅学习有关的语言知识,还要培养学生的社会责任感。

1. Warming Up部分是一个调查。该活动分三步进行:首先回顾自己曾经做过的助人为乐的好事,并采访三位同学;然后,根据调查内容列举班上同学所做的好事;最后讨论volunteer一词的内涵。该部分的讨论可以和中学生参与的“志愿者活动”、“手拉手活动”、“献爱心活动”等联系起来。

2. Pre-reading部分交代了阅读文章的文体(1etter)和作者(a young Australian woman,Jo)。阅读中提供了十幅图片,阅览这些图片有助于学生理解这封书信的内容,因此,“读前”部分针对阅读中的图片设计了五个问题,回答这些问题有助于学生加深理解,“志愿者活动”的意义。

3. Reading部分是一封家书。作者志愿在巴布亚新几内亚(Papua New Guinea)的一个小山村教书。在她写给Rosemary的信中,作者描述了该村学校的情况和去一学生家做客的经历。

4. Comprehending部分设置了两组问题。第一个练习为小组讨论题,这些问题首先要求学生读懂书信内容,用表格的形式帮助学生整理书信中提到的信息,然后要求学生联系自己的实际,比较校舍、教学条件、生活状况等,并引发学生思考,谈谈是否愿意参加志愿者活动。第二个练习要求学生对文中提到的五个现象进行分析,说明其原因。第三个练习要学生通过阅读分析小山村中的积极和消极面。这些均属深层思考题。

5. Learning about Language部分引导学生学习词汇和语法。词汇部分设置了两个练习,一是根据所给解释从课文中选择词汇;二是用课文中的词汇完成一篇短文。语法部分复习定语从句,也设置了两个练习,一是用定语从句完成句子,二是用含定语从句的句子回答问题。

6. Using Language部分由阅读与讨论、听与说和写三个部分组成,综合训练听说读写的能力。

教材重组

1. 将Warming Up,Pre-reading,Reading与Comprehending整合在一起上一节“阅读课”。

2. 将Learning about Language和Workbook的using words and expressions及using structures整合在一起上一节“语言学习课”。

3. 将Using Language设计为一节包括听说读写在内的“综合技能课(一)”。

4. 将Workbook的READING AND LISTENING和TALKING结合在一起上一节“听说课”。

5. 将Workbook的LISTENING TASK,READING AND WRITING TASK和SPEAKING TASK设计为一节“综合技能课(二)”。

课时分配

1st Period Reading

2nd Period Language study

3rd Period Integrating skills(Ⅰ)

4th Period Listening and Speaking

5th Period Integrating skills(Ⅱ)

Part 1: Teaching Design

第一部分:教学设计

Period 1: A sample lesson plan for reading

(ALETTER HOME)

Aims

To help students develop their reading ability

To help students learn about voluntary work

Procedures

I. Warming up by defining volunteer

What is a volunteer?

1. One who enters into, or offers for, any service of his own free will.

2. (Mil.) One who enters into service voluntarily, but who, when in service, is subject to discipline and regulations like other soldiers; -- opposed to conscript; specifically, a voluntary member of the organized militia of a country as distinguished from the standing army.

II. Pre-reading

Have you ever heard of a place called Papua New Guinea?

Facts of Papua New Guinea

Capital: Port Moresby

Government: constitutional monarchy with parliamentary democracy

Currency: kina (PGK)

Area total: 462,840 sq km

land: 452,860 sq km

water: 9,980 sq km

Population: 5,172,033 (July 2002 est.)

Language: English spoken by 1%-2%, pidgin English widespread, Motu spoken in Papua region

note: 715 indigenous languages

Religion: Roman Catholic 22%, Lutheran 16%, Presbyterian/Methodist/London Missionary Society 8%, Anglican 5%, Evangelical Alliance 4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1%, other Protestant 10%, indigenous beliefs 34%

III. Reading for forms

Read the text again to: cut/ the sentence into thought groups, blacken the predicates, darken the connectives and underline all the useful expressions.

IV. Copying expressions

You are asked to copy all the useful expressions into your notebook after class as homework.

Expressions from A Letter Home

thanks for…因……感谢, hear from…收到……的来信, be dying to do…急于做……, hear all about…了解所有关于……, include some photos附有几我照片, picture the places图象化这儿的地方, ask about…问讯关于……的信息, a bush school丛林学校, be made from…由……制成, walk to…步行到……, reach the school grounds走到学校操场, walk a long way走很长的路, sometimes up to two hours有时长达两小时, get to the school到达学校, adapt to…使适应……, one thing is for sure有一点是肯定的, become a lot more imaginative in…变得对……更富有想象力, a most challenging subject最富有挑战性的学科, carry…from…in a bucket用水桶把……带到……, show… a chemistry experiment向……演示……化学实验, bubble over everywhere到处冒气泡, come across…碰到……/见过……, jump out of the windows跳出窗外, go back to…回到……, make any difference对……有所改变, get to know…开始了解……, speak much Pidgin English说几句洋泾浜英语, the home of ………的家, one’s first visit to…某人的第一次参观……, have fantastic views看到奇妙的景色, down a steep slope to…走下一个通向……的陡坡, work in the garden在花园劳作, shake hands with…与……握手, lead… to…把……领到……, a low bamboo hut with grass sticking out of the roof 一个低矮的竹屋,屋顶上伸出一簇茅草, a man’s house男人的房屋, get through…进入……, lay… on…放置……在……上, a newly made platform一个新搭架的平台, sleep on…睡在……上, share…with…与……共用……, sleep on small beds睡在小床上, in another part of…在……另一边, in the centre of…在……的中间, near the doorway靠近门房, the only possessions仅有的家当, a few tin plates几个锡盘, a couple of pots两个罐子, build a fire生火, place…in a empty oil drum把……放在一个空邮筒里, cover…with…用……覆盖……, inside the hut在竹屋里面, sit around the fire围着火炉坐着, listen to…softly talking to each other听他们轻声细语地交谈, stand upside down on the grill over the fire倒放在火炉的烤架上, after a short time过了一会儿, throw… out of the doorway把……扔到屋外, dry out the leftover food烧干残菜剩饭, attract evil spirits引来邪灵, in the night在夜晚, after many goodbyes and shaking of hands经过一番握手道别之后, climb down… towards home爬下……回家, fall happily into bed很开心的倒头就睡, get late变的晚了, prepare tomorrow’s lessons 准备明天的课

V. Writing a letter of your own.

Now you are to write a similar letter based on the topic, the words and the structures of the letter on page 29.

A Letter to my teacher

Dear Ms Xu Fang,

Thanks for your letter. It was wonderful to hear from you. I know you’re dying to hear all about my life here in the United States. I’ve included some photos that will help you picture the life I talk about.

You asked about my university. Well, it’s a nice one – the classrooms are big and clean and the computers are available to everyone. It takes me only a few minutes to drive to my university. When I reach the university campus there are lots of “Nihaos” for me from my schoolmates, many of whom have lived in China.

There’s enough electricity and water and we have lots of books to read and read. I have already adapted to the conditions here. And one thing is for sure. I’ve become a lot more independent in my studies. English is my most challenging subject as there is no Chinese in the classroom and if I need help I have to ask for it in English! The other day I was attending my chemistry lesson a professor with Russian accent came to me – before I knew it, asking why I got the test tubes upside down! I had never come across any strange-sounding teachers like this and started getting more and more nervous. Sometimes I wonder how understandable my English is to the teachers and native classmates, most of whom speak so fast to me and to each other. In fact, I wonder whether I’m making any progress in my English.

You asked whether I am getting to know any local people. Well, that’s actually quite difficult, as I don’t speak much local English yet. But last weekend another foreign student, Halanin, and I did made friends with a native schoolmate who is the chairperson of the Helping Club. He is Rubby, by name. It was my first friendship with a native schoolmate. We talked for two and a half hours about lives in China and America. When we departed at the supper time, Rubby, who had been learning Chinese in his spare time, started shouting “Huijian”. We shook hands with him. Everyone seemed to be happy and excited.

VI. Closing down by reading more on voluntary work

My Experience as a Volunteer Teacher

Author: Susansun

"Susan, I'll miss you, don't forget me," a girl wrote to me on the first page of a notebook. The notebook was a collection of the lyrics of her favorite songs. It was a present given by one of my students when I attended the 'Go-to-the-countryside' program last summer holiday. Every time I open the notebook, it brings back fond memories.

Last summer vacation, for the purpose of serving society and meeting other social communities, nine of my classmates, including me, formed a group as a service team heading for GaoTan Middle School, which is in the remote mountain area of Guangdong Province.

We spent one week there, mainly teaching the students English, as planned. We had known ahead of time that their English was inferior to their counterparts' in the city. And what was worse, they didn't like learning English. So we came up with a logo and carefully chose four topics for our students. The logo was: I'm not shy, I can speak English loudly." The four topics were: my dream, my family, my hometown and what a wonderful world. We intended to inspire their interest of learning English and help them build the confidence of speaking English out loudly. We exerted ourselves to create a very active and relaxed atmosphere while teaching. In addition, the topics were suitable for us to communicate with them and build up a good relationship.

At the beginning of each class, our students were asked to shout out the logo. And it was clear that they were very happy to shout in English. The content of our lessons was closely related to the four topics. We also covered moral education while teaching. In class, we showed great happiness for any progress made, such as a correct pronunciation, a right spelling, a brave answer, etc.

Although the time we spent together was short, we and our students became good friends. When we had to leave them, they gave us lots of little gifts expressing their appreciation of our teaching. The lyrics notebook was the one I liked best.

The 'Go-to-the-countryside' program has been very hot among university students in recent years. Our team was just one in hundreds of teams across the country, and I myself am just one in thousands of volunteer teachers. There is a standard of judging teachers: the mediocre teacher tells, the good teacher explains, the superior teacher demonstrates, the great teacher inspires. I am wondering what category of teachers I belong to. Maybe my future students will have the answer to that question.

Additional Materials

Complete the summary of the story with one word in each blank.

Dear Rosemary,

I like to thank you for your letter. Hearing from you is really wonderful.

You are 1 to hear all about my life here in PNG. Well I am 2 some photos and pictures in this letter so that you may get to know more about this place.

I am working at a 3 school here. Everything here is made from 4 . We walk to school everyday. We have to walk a long way to 5 the school grounds. Sometimes we spend 6 to two hours getting to the school. It was difficult for me to 7 to life here. But one thing is 8 sure. I have become a lot more 9 in my work. I am teaching a most 10 subject here, and that is science.

Life is hard here, too. We have to carry water from a faraway well in a 11 .

Yesterday I showed the pupils a chemistry 12 . Then the 13 got bubbling over everywhere. They were frightened for they had not come 14 this kind of thing. They jumped out of the windows. Most of them will go back to their 15 . Chemistry won’t make any 16 to their lives. I am getting to know more about local people here. I can even speak some Pidgin English now.

I will tell you more about my life here in my next letter to you.

I have to work now. So much for today.

Love,

Jo

(Key: 1. dying 2. including 3. bush 4. bamboo 5. reach 6. up 7. adapt 8. for 9. imaginative

10. challenging 11. bucket 12. experiment 13. mixture 14. across 15. birthplace 16. difference)

Comprehension questions

1. Why was science the most challenging subject for Jo?

A. There’s no electricity or water and they don’t have any textbooks.

B. He still couldn’t adapt to the local conditions.

C. The students were not willing to study it.

D. There is no equipment and he also needed to carry water by himself.

2. Why did the boys start to jump out of the window?

A. Because they had never seen anything like that and they were frightened.

B. Because they were very naughty.

C. Because chemistry has no relevant to their future life.

D. Because I was going to use this to attract their attentions.

3. What effect did Tombe’s mother’s crying have?

A. It showed her happiness while she was working in her garden.

B. It was her special way to welcome visitors and attracted others’ attentions to the visitors’ arrive.

C. To frightened the wild animals away from the visitors.

D. She was too surprised to see visitors.

4. Why they threw the tin can out of the doorway?

A. Because they used it to attract wild animals here.

B. Because they used this way to dry out the leftover food.

C. Because they believed that any leftover attract evil spirits in the night.

D. They hate the smell of the leftover food in the tin can.

5. What’s the letter mainly about?

A. It tells us about Jo’s life as a high school teacher in Papua New Guinea.

B. It tells us about what life is like in Tombe’s village.

C. It tells us about what had happened in one of Jo’s class.

D. It tells us about the new things Jo found in the village.

(Key: DABCA)

Notes to some difficult sentences

1. It was wonderful to hear from you. 收到你的来信真是太高兴了!

hear from 的意思是“收到……的来信”,又如:

I hear from my sister in New York yesterday. 我昨天收到了在纽约的姐姐的来信。

hear about表示“听说……的事”,例如:

Have you heard about the new anticancer drug? 你有没有听说过这种抗癌新药?

hear of 表示:

1) “听说……”,主要用于否定句及疑问句,例如:

I’ve never heard of him. 我从未听说过他。

2)“听从”,通常用于否定句,与will, would连用,例如:

He wouldn’t hear of me paying for the bill. 我要付账,但他不肯。

2. I know you’re dying to hear all about my life here. 我知道你急于了解我在这儿的生活情况。

be dying to do sth. 意思是“极想做”,又如:

All of them are dying to see the movie. 他们所有人都极想看那部电影。

be dying for sth. 的意思是“极想得到”,例如:

He was dying for something to drink. 他极想喝点东西。

由动词die组成的短语:

die away 逐渐消失; die down逐渐减弱; die off相继去世; die out完全灭绝

3. …have walked a long way, sometimes up to two hours, to go to the school. 走了很长的路, 有时要走两个小时,才能到学校。

此处up to 表示as many as; 该短语也可以和不可数名词连用,相当于as much as, 例如:

He can earn up to $50,000 a year.他一年能挣五万元。

up to 还可以表示:

up until 一直到,例如:She lived at home right up to/until she got married. 她结婚前一直都住在娘家。

good enough for sth胜任,例如:I’m not sure if she is really up to that job. 我不能肯定她是否真能胜任那项工作。

由……负责,例如: It’s up to her to decide whether or not to go on the course. 是否上这门课她自己决定。

4. I’m still trying to adapt to these conditions. 我还在努力适应这里的生活。

此处adapt为不及物动词,意思为“适应新环境”,又如:

The children have adapted well to life in the country. 孩子们很容易便适应了乡村的生活。

adapt也可用作及物动词,又如:

He adapted an old car engine to use in his boat.他改装了一辆旧车引擎来驱动他的小船。

The author is adapting his novel for television. 作者正把他自己的小说改编成电视剧。

5. The boys had never come across anything like this. 男孩子们从未见过这种情况。

come across的意思是“偶然遇见/发现”,又如:I came across an old friend I hadn’t seen for years. 我碰巧遇见了多年未见的老朋友。I came across some interesting books in the room. 我在房间里发现了一些有趣的书。

由动词come组成的短语:

come about发生,例如:This situation should never have come about. 这种情况本来不应该发生。

come along 1)进展;2)偶然发生,例如:How’s your work coming along? 你的工作进展如何?I got the job because I came along at just the right time. 我得到这份工作是因为碰巧遇上了好机会。

come round 定期发生,例如:Christmas will soon be coming round again. 圣诞节很快又要来临。

6. The hut was dark inside so it took time for our eyes to adjust. 小屋内很黑,因此眼睛要过好一阵才能适应过来。

此处adjust为不及物动词,意思是“适应”,又如:He adjusted quickly to the heat of India. 他很快就适应了印度的炎热气候。

adjust也可以用作及物动词,意思是“调整”,例如:He adjusted his tie before entering the hall. 进入大厅前他整理了一下领带。

7. They believe that any leftovers attract evil spirits in the night so the food is dried up

in the can and the can is then thrown out of the hut. 他们相信剩饭在夜晚会引来邪灵,所以要把食物放在罐子里烧干,再把罐子扔到屋外去。

in the night 表示“在夜间”,又如:The telephone rang twice in the night. 夜里电话向了两次。

与night有关的短语:all night=all night long 整晚; at/in (the) dead of (the) night 三更半夜

at night 在夜晚; by night 在夜间(与by day相对); for the night 当天晚上; night after night 每晚; over night 过夜; night owl 熬夜的人; night school 夜校(相对于day school); night shift 夜班; night table 床头柜(=nightstand)

dry up 的意思是“(使)完全变干”,又如:Many rivers in Africa have dried up recently. 最近非洲的许多河流都干涸了。The burning sun had dried up this area. 火辣的太阳把地区晒干了。

8. It was such a privilege to have spent a day with Tombe’s family. 跟汤贝一家度过一天,真是一种殊荣。

此处privilege的意思是“殊荣”,又如:It was a privilege to make his acquaintance. 能认识他真是荣幸之至。

privilege 还可以表示“特权”、“权利”,例如:Only members have the privilege to use the ground.只有会员才有权利使用操场。

the privilege of citizenship/equality 公民权/平等权

【高考链接】

限定性定语从句

一、限定性定语从句中关系代词的用法

1.who , whom, that

三者都可修饰人,who作主语,whom作宾语,that既可作主语又可作宾语.

(1)I don’t like people who lose their tempers easily.

我不喜欢爱发脾气的人。

(2)Do you think one should stay faithful to the person (whom) one is married to?

你认为一个人结婚后应该忠实于他的伴侣吗?

(3)The suona horn is the instrument that really excites me.

唢呐是真正使我激动的乐器。

注意:a. 在口语中,who可以代替whom,作宾语,如例2还可用who/that来引导。b. 关系代词在定语从句中作宾语时,一 般可以省略,再如例2中的whom。

2. whose

一个表示所属关系的关系词。可以修饰人,也可修饰物。修饰人时,有时可与of whom换用;修饰物时,有时可与of which换用,whose在定语从句中作定语。

Is there anyone here whose name is Wang Lin? 这儿有个名叫王林的人吗?

I saw some trees whose leaves were black with diseases.(=I saw some trees the leaves of which were black with diseases.) 我看见一些树的叶子因病害而发黑。

3. that, which

二者都可修饰物,在定语从句中可作主语或宾语。

The film (which/that) we saw last night is wonderful. 昨天晚上我们看的那部电影太棒了。

that指物时,一般可和which换用,但在下列情况下,只用that

A. 先行词为all, anything, everything, nothing, something等

I will do all (that) I can to help you.我将尽我所能来帮你。

B. 先行词被序数词、形容词最高级或the only, the very等修饰时

It’s the best film that has ever been made on the subject of madness.

这是以精神病为题材而拍摄的影片中最好的一部。

These are the very books (that) I am looking for.这些书正是我要找的。

C. 先行词既有人又有物时

They talked about the people and the things (that) they remembered in the school.

他们谈到他们所记得的学校中的人和事。

D. 当主句是who或which, what开始的疑问句时,定语从句用that引导。

Who is the boy that was here just now? 刚才在这儿的那个男孩是谁?

E. 当that所代替的先行词在定语从句中作表语时

This is not an easy question that you think it to be. 这个问题不是像你认为的那么容易。

F. 定语从句中动词为there be时,关系代词用that或省略

She has read all the books (that) there are on the bookshelf. 她把书架上所有的书都读完了。

另外,请注意只用的三种情况:

A. 如果句中有两个定语从句,其中一个用了that,另一个最好用which来引导。

Let me show you the novel that I borrow from the library which was newly open to us. 让我给你看看我从新开放的图书馆借来的小说吧。

B. 前面紧接着有介词时

This is the book about which we are talking now.这就是我们正在谈论的那本书。

C. 非限定性定语从句中不用that(例句请见本章V)

4. whom, which

若被修饰的词充当从句介词宾语时,介词可提前到引导词之前。此时的引导词只有用whom或which.

Who is the boy with whom you were talking a moment ago?

你刚才和他谈话的那个男孩是谁?

The book from which I got a lot of useful information was written by a famous scientist.

我从中得到许多有用信息的那本书是一位著名科学家写的。

5. as

引导限定性定语从句时,常用在so, such或the same之后。

Such people as you describe are rare nowadays.像你描述的这种人现在少多了。

I have the same trouble as you. 我的麻烦和你的一样。

Here is so heavy a stone as no man can lift. 这儿有一块无人能搬起的石头。

(试比较:Here is so heavy a stone that no man can lift it. that引导的为结果状语从句)

二、限定性定语从句中关系副词的用法:

1. when

表示时间。在定语从句中作时间状语,其先行词一般是表示时间的名词。

I still remember the day when (on which) I joined the league.

我对我入团的那一天记忆犹新。

注意:有时虽然先行词是表示时间的名词,但定语从句中缺少的是主语或宾语,此时应用关系代词。如:

I still remember the day (which/that) we spent together. 我依然记得我们共同度过的那一天。

2. where

表示地点。在定语从句中作地点状语,其先行词一般为表示地点的名词。

Let’s think of a situation where (in which) this idiom can be used.

咱们来想一个使用这个成语的情境。

注意:where同when一样,在从句中只能充当状语。如果不是状语,就得换用其他的引导词。试比较:

This is the place where we worked last year. 这是我们去年工作过的那个地方。

This is the place (which/that) we visited last year. 这是我们去年参观过的那个地方。

3. why

表示原因。在定语从句中作原因状语,其先行词一般为reason.

The reason why he is late is that he failed to catch the first bus.

他迟到的原因是他没能赶上第一班公共汽车。

试比较:The reason (that/which) he gave us for changing the plan was groundless.

他给我们的改变计划的原因是站不住脚的。

所以,判断是用关系代词或是用关系副词,主要看先行词在从句中的指代作用,即语法成分。

三、限定性定语从句中应注意的几个问题

A. 当先行词为way时,其后的定语从句可用in which, that或不用关系词。

I don’t like the way (不填/in which/that) he talks to me. 我不喜欢他那样跟我讲话。

B. 关系代词在定语从句中做主语时,其人称和数要与先行词保持一致。

He is one of the Canadian scientists who are working in China.他是在中国工作的加拿大科学家之一。

He is the (only) one of the Canadian scientists who speaks Chinese well. 他是唯一一个说汉语好的加拿大科学家。

C. 在考查定语从句时,有时缺少先行词,而不是关系代词,要注意区别。

Is this the museum (that/which) you visited yesterday? 这是不是你昨天参观的那个博物馆。

Is this museum the one you visited yesterday? 这个博物馆是不是你昨天参观的那个?

D. 在以 “It + be”引导的句子中,注意区别强调句与带有定语从句的复合句。试比较以下两组句子:

a. It was at the theatre ____ Lincoln was murdered.

b. It was the theatre ____ Lincoln was murdered.

a. It was on Oct.1st 1949 ____the People’s Republic of China was founded.

b. It was Oct.1st 1949 ____the People’s Republic of China was founded.

以上句子中除a句中有介词at或on外,其余部分完全相同。究竟哪个是强调句,哪个是含有定语从句的复合句呢?最简单的判断方法是去掉It was和连接词(即横线部分)。如果剩余部分仍然是一个完整的句子,则是强调句;否则,空格中所用的引导词及其引导的部分就是定语从句.根据以上原则很容易判断出两组中a句是强调句. 应填that,而b句则是带定语从句的复合句.这两个定语从句分别用关系副词where和when来引导。

E. 凡是进行时态的定语从句可以省略关系代词与动词be,仅用动词的-ing形式便可。

The man (who was) sitting in the corner is my brother. 坐在角落的那个男人是我哥哥。

F. 凡是被动语态的定语从句可以省略关系代词与be动词,仅用动词的过去分词便可。

The goods (which were) ordered last month have not arrived. 上个月订的货还没到达。

I saw a girl (who was) dressed in red. 我看见一个穿红衣服的女孩。

【高考链接】

1. Women ____ drink more than two cups coffee a day have a greater chance of having heart disease than those ______ don’t. (06 北京)

A. who; 不填 B. 不填, who C. who; who D. 不填, 不填

2. I saw a woman running toward me in the dark. Before I could recognize who she was, she had run back in the direction _____ she had come. (06 重庆)

A. of which B. by which C. in which D. from which

3. -Do you have anything to say for yourselves?(06江西)

-Yes, there is one point _____ we must insist on.

A. why B. where C. how D. /

4. Look out! Don’t get too close to the house_____ roof is under repair. (06 福建)

A. whose B. which C. of which D. that

5. We’re just trying to reach a point _____ both sides will sir down together and talk. (06 山东)

A. where B. that C. when D. which

6.---You’re always working. Come on. Let’s go shopping.

--- ____you ever want to do is going shopping. (2002 春季高考)

A. Anything B. Something C. All D. That

7. He’s got himself into a dangerous situation ____ he is likely to lose control over the plane.

A. where B. which C. while D. why (2001 上海)

8. The film brought the hours back to me ____I was taken good care of in that far-away village.

A. until B. that C. when D. where (2001 NMET )

9. We are living in an age _____ many things are done on computer.(2003北京春)

A. which B. that C. whose D. when

10. I worked in a business _____ almost everyone is waiting for a great chance.(2004湖南)

A. how B. which C. where D. that

11. Luckily, we’d brought a road map without ______ we would have lost our way.(2004北京春)

A. it B. that C. this D. which

12. There were dirty marks on her trousers ______ she had wiped her hands.(2004吉林)

A. where B. which C. when D. that

13. Do you still remember the chicken farm _____ we visited three months ago?(2005北京春)

A. where B. when C. that D. what

14. ---Why does she always ask you for help? (2005北京)

---There is no one else _____, is there?

A. who to turn to B. she can turn to C. for whom to turn D. for her to turn

15. Frank’s dream was to have his own shop _____ to produce the workings of his own hands.(2005湖南)

A. that B. in which C. by which D. how

【巩固练习】

1. The treatment will continue until the patient reaches the point ______ he can walk correctly and safely.

A. when B. where C. which D. whose

2. Earth is a rocky planet _____ liquid water, which is necessary for life, can exist.

A. as B. which C. where D. when

3. The time is not far away ______ modern communication will become widespread in China’s vast country.

A. as B. when C. until D. before

4. He is such a lazy man _____ nobody wants to work with ______.

A. as; him B. that; / C. as; / D. whom; him

5. Can you think of some cases _____ drivers obviously knew the traffic rules but didn’t obey them.

A. why B. where C. as D. which

6. You’ll have to wait for one more week, ______ the manager will be back from his trip.

A. before B. when C. as D. until

7. “We’ll make public schools ______ can be”, said the President in the speech.

A. all they B. what it C. that they D. all it

8. There are moments in life ______ you miss someone so much that you just want to pick them up from dreams and hug them for real.

A. where B. how C. why D. when

9. Ebay, Amazon and Wal-Mart are popular websites ____ people can sell goods to each other.

A. where B. which C. when D. whose

10. Is this museum ____some German friends visited last Wednesday?

A. that B. where C. in which D. the one

11. All those ____the rule raise your hands.

A. who is against B. are for C. who for D. that are against

12. Mary is one of the girls ____been to shanghai.

A. who have B. who is C. who had D. they have

13. He is the only one of the boys of his class who ____the piano well.

A. plays B. play C. playing D. are playing

14. Kate took away everything except ____Mary gave to her.

A. that B. what C. which D. it

15. The train ____ she was traveling was late.

A. which B. on which C. by which D. on that

【汉译英】

1. 他是否加入对我们没有改变。

2. 我无意中在名单上发现他的名字。

3. 那场音乐会吸引了很多人。

4. 那是一定的。

5. 我们必须为聚会做准备。

【答案及解析】

【高考链接】

1. C 此题首先分析句子结构,按句意可知是将喝咖啡与不喝咖啡的女性作比较,所以

women和those 后各带一定语从句。根据关系代词在从句中作主语不能省略这一规则,不难判断出选项C为正确答案。

2. D 此题考查介词+关系代词which 引导的定语从句,先行词为direction,代入后面的定语从句为she had come from the direction。故D项正确。

3. D 此题将定语从句置于情景交际中进行考查。先行词point在从句中作insist on的宾语。关系词只能是关系代词。故排除其它三选项。另外关系代词在从句中作宾语可略,故选D。

4. A whose在句中引导定语从句。先行词“house”在从句中“roof”构成所属关系,即the house’s roof。故选关系代词whose。

5. A 此题主要考查point的抽象概念,它既能表示时间,也能表示地点,后面可以接when引导的定语从句,也可以接where引导的定语从句,例如:We had reached the point when there was no money left. (我们曾落到身无分文的地步)Please underline the points where you don’t understand.(把你不懂的地方划下来)。由上例可看出when 和where 与point连用,既能表示具体的时间和地点,也能表示抽象的时间和地点,但是它们的不同在于用where时,侧重指“内容”,所以此题选where 为最佳选项(侧重于指双方都能接受,并愿意坐下来谈的条件)。

6. C 此句实际上考查的是定语从句的先行词(关系代词that的省略)。All (that)在定语从句中作do的宾语。如选D, That只起引导作用,不能作定语从句中的成分,且缺少先行词。答案A与B不合题意。

7. A 因为where代替先行词并在定语从句中作to lose control…的状语。即“在一种难以驾驭飞机的情况下”where相当于in which。

8. C 注意先行词为hours,在定语从句中作状语表时间.如果把主句写作: The film brought back to me the hours就比较容易选择了。

9. D 考查定语从句,先行词an age在从句中做状语。

10. C

11. D which引导定语从句,指代the road map。

12. A 先行词her trousers在从句后与on一起作状语,表地点,所以用关系副词where。

13. C visited后面需要宾语。

14. B 本题考查定语从句和turn to sb.。

15. B 本题考查不定式作定语,“介词+ which+不定式”结构作定语修饰名词shop,与shop相搭配的介词为in。

【巩固练习】

1. B 此题考查定语从句,先行词为point,在此意为“(进展、增进的)阶段;程度”,引导词在从句中作地点状语,所以用where引导。

2. C 此题考查定语从句,先行词a rocky planet指地点,且引导词在从句中作地点状语。

3. B 此题考查定语从句,先行词是the time,引导词在从句中作时间状语。

4. C 此题考查对“such…as…”和“such…that…”的运用。在such…as…这一结构中,as引导定语从句,as是关系代词;而在such…that…这一结构中,that引导结果状语从句。

5. B 此题考查定语从句中关系代词的使用。把先行词some cases代入从句中,相当于:…in these cases drivers obviously knew the traffic rules but…“in these cases”作抽象地点状语,意为“在这些情况下”,故选where。

6. B 此题考查复合句的掌握。在时间状语从句中,一般现在时代替一般将来时,而此句中的从句“the manager will be back from his trip”是一般将来时,依此推断,从句不是时间状语从句,排除A、D。显然,此句为定语从句,代入先行词one more week,在从句中作时间状语,故选when。

7. A 考查定语从句。All(that)they can be=what they can be。

8. D 考查定语从句。先行词moments表示时间,定语从句由关系副词when引导,相当于at which即at the moments。

9. A 先行词websites表示地点,应用关系副词where引导定语从句,相当于on which即on these popular websites.

10. D 11. D 12. A 13. A 14. B 15. B

【汉译英】

1. Whether he will join us won’t make any difference.

2. I came across his name on the list.

3. The concert attracted a great number of people.

4. That’s for sure.

5. We must prepare for the party.

Period 2: A sample lesson plan for Learning about Language

(Revise the Attributive Clause )

Aims

To help students revise the Attributive Clause

To help students discover and learn to use some useful words and expressions

To help students discover and learn to use some useful structures

Procedures

I. Warming up by reading the text aloud to the tape

As a student, you know that reading aloud is important, and you probably feel frustrated if you don't read well. Now open your book to page 29 and read aloud the text A Letter Home to the tape.

II. Discovering useful words and expressions

Turn to page 32 and do exercises 1 and 2.

Adjust: "Adjust the clock, please." "We must adjust to the bad economic situation" "Adjust your eyes to the darkness"

Grill: "He cooked hamburgers on the grill."

Relevant: The scientist corresponds with colleagues in order to learn about matters relevant to her own research."

Doorway: "He stuck his head in the doorway."

Arrangement: They made arrangements to meet in Chicago." "He changed the arrangement of the topics." "the arrangement of the furniture"; "the placement of the chairs"

III. Revising useful structures

Now you may turn to page 32 to do exercises 1.

You are to finish the sentence with your own words.

1. I made the present which would entertain you.

2. Painting is an activity that is connected with paints and brushes.

3. The person to whom you are dying to hear about is on holiday.

4. The man who lives at the bush school is a doctor.

5. The woman whose daughter you got to know yesterday is over there.

6. You won’t find the theatre where we jumped out of the window unless you have a map.

7. Anne is doing some research on the time when I started crying “AAAAA”.

8. The reason why he arrived at the village so late was that he was watching an interview of the first Chinese astronaut on TV.

Next you are going to do exercise 2 on page 32.

1. I’d like to have a friend whom I can learn English with.

2. For a holiday I ’d like to go to a place where I can shout and cry.

3. I’d like to have a bedroom that I use it as a study sometimes.

4. I’d like to learn to play a musical instrument that may produce terrible sounds.

5. The reason why he didn’t finish his homework is still a mystery.

6. The person to whom she was married is one who could speak five languages.

7. The mobile phone I’m going to buy is one that could send picture massages.

8. The day I won’t ever forget is the day when I left my father forever.

IV. Closing down by making sentences with the Attributive Clause

1. Thanks for your present that comes to me yesterday.

2. I like to hear from my mother who is living abroad.

3. I am dying to find a good job that will bring me lots of money.

4. He heard all about my studies that led to my success and fame in China.

5. I will include some photos that were taken by my daughter in America.

6. I cannot picture the places where he lived during the war.

7. He came to ask about the bush school that I attended last fall.

8. We reached the school grounds that were covered with wastes from the factories around.

9. He has become a lot more imaginative in English which is quite different from Chinese.

10. Chinese is a most challenging subject that is difficult to almost all the English-speaking natives.

Period 3: A sample lesson plan for Using Language

(THE WORLD’S MOST USEFUL GIFT CATALOGUE)

Aims

To help students read the passage THE WORLD’S MOST USEFUL GIFT CATALOGUE

To help students to use the language by reading, listening, speaking and writing

Procedures

I. Warming up by listening and reading to the tape

Now open your book to page 33. You are going to listening and reading to the tape, paying your attention to the pauses within the sentences.

II. Reading for forms

Read the text THE WORLD’S MOST USEFUL GIFT CATALOGUE again to: cut/ the sentence into thought groups, blacken the predicates, darken the connectives and underline all the useful expressions.

III. Making sentences with the expressions from The World’s Most Useful Gift Catalogue

Next you are going to making sentences using the expressions from The World’s Most Useful Gift Catalogue. You may include as many attributive clauses as possible.

Expressions from The World’s Most Useful Gift Catalogue

give an unusual gift一份特殊的礼物, one’s loved one某人所爱的人, keep a gift保留礼物, a contribution towards…对……的捐助, choose… from this catalogue从清单中选……, a really useful gift for some of the world’s poorest送一个确实有用的礼物给世界上最穷苦的人, bring hope for a better future to…带去对未来的美好希望给……, a community in need需要帮助的社区, purchase an item购买一项礼物, send…an attractive card给……发送一个精美的卡片, send… to… 把……送给……, use the cards for any special occasion可以用在任何一种特殊的场合的礼物, purchase…from…从……购得……, train a whole village of around 40 families in new agricultural methods对整个大约40户人口的村庄进行新的农业生产方法的培训, provide seeds and simple agricultural equipment提供种子和简单的农业机械, just 20% more produce仅仅提高了20%的产量, mean the difference between sickness and health意味着患病与健康的差异, go hungry变的饥饿, provide for…为……提供,自己自足

1. I was given an unusual gift by my loved daughter.

2. I will keep the gift that was given to me by that blind man.

3. This money will be a contribution towards those people who live in the West of the country.

4. You have to choose your school from the catalogue which was sent to you last week.

5. A really useful gift for some of the world’s poorest will bring hope for a better future to them.

6. Help must be offered to a community in need.

7. You may purchase an item at our shop.

8. I will send an attractive card to you.

9. This letter will be sent to your special person.

10. You may use the cards for any special occasion to purchase items from our shop.

11. He was sent to train a whole village of around 40 families in new agricultural methods.

12. Seeds and simple agricultural equipment will be provided.

13. Just 20% more produce will mean the difference between sickness and health.

14. The poor will go hungry this time next year.

IV. Closing down by asking about volunteer work

To know more about volunteer work you may put as many questions as possible to your teacher.

What is a volunteer project?

Why do people volunteer?

Would you like to work as a volunteer?

Is volunteering worth the time it takes?

Why would you enjoy volunteering?

Do you know anyone who has done volunteer work?

Where and why did they volunteer?

Could you and would you like to work as a volunteer in the same way?

What could you do to help if you had no money?

What is volunteer work?

What is your definition of "volunteer work"?

What is the dictionary definition of "volunteer"?

Have you ever benefited by someone's volunteer work?

What is volunteer screening?

Have you ever done any volunteer work?

What organizations do volunteer work?

What kind of work do they do?

What situations need volunteer workers?

Can you think of different types of volunteer work?

Can you think of examples of professional and amateur volunteering?

Have you and your family ever worked on a volunteer project together?

What did you do?

What are volunteer activities that people do?

Can you think of ways to help people who need help?

Have you ever done any volunteer work?

Did you do it alone, with friends or with your family?

Did you make new friends while you were doing the work?

Have you ever volunteered to help victims of natural disasters? Why?

Would you volunteer to help people outside your community?

Would you volunteer to help people outside your country?

Have you ever volunteered to help victims of natural disasters? Why or why not?

What are some organizations through which you can volunteer?

Why benefits do you get personally by volunteering?

How did you feel about volunteering before you started work?

How did you feel during the work?

How did you feel after you had finished the work?

What are some organizations through which you can volunteer?

What kind of work did they do?

What are some websites maintained by volunteer organizations?

Have you read a book about volunteer work?

Can you list some reasons why people volunteer?

How can volunteers benefit from their work?

Why would you enjoy certain types of volunteer work?

What types of volunteer work would be unpleasant for you?

What benefits other than personal satisfaction could you personally get by volunteering?

Is volunteering worth the cost to you?

In what situations and at what times in your life could you afford to volunteer?

Do you know anyone who has done volunteer work?

Where did they work and why did they volunteer?

Is there a history of volunteerism in your country?

Can you find information about volunteering in your country and two other countries?

Can a volunteer be treated the same as paid staff?

Part 2: Teaching Resources

第二部分:教学资源

Section 1: Discourse studies of A LETTER HOME

Type of writing and summary of A LETTER HOME

Type of writing Time Place Person Events Results

A personal letter Now From PNG Jo to Rosemary Tell about “my” life as a volunteer at PNG “I” am still teaching at a bush school at PNG.

Section 2: Background information for Unit 4 Sharing

1. The five C’s in letter writing

Clear: Try not to beat around the bush when letter writing. Every word should come across as something that is understood. The best way to test this is to read what you wrote out loud, in a tape recorder, and play it back to yourself.

Concise: Do not ramble. Try to make your words go straight to the point.

Courteous: Remember that words can come across a lot harsher on paper. It’s best to save arguing to verbal usage, so that you can clear up any misunderstandings.

Correct: Double check your spelling, grammar, and punctuation. There is nothing worse than trying to read a letter full of mistakes. It makes the clarity of the written word harder to decipher.

Complete: Make sure that when you bring up a topic, you do not change topics in mid-stream. Make sure that you finish what you have to say before you go on to another topic.

2. CULTURE SHOCK

●Culture Shock

We can describe culture shock as the physical and emotional discomfort one suffers when coming to live in another country or a place different from the place of origin.

●Symptoms:

Sadness, loneliness, melancholy

Preoccupation with health

Aches, pains, and allergies

Insomnia, desire to sleep too much or too little

Changes in temperament, depression, feeling vulnerable, feeling powerless

Anger, irritability, resentment, unwillingness to interact with others

Identifying with the old culture or idealizing the old country

Loss of identity

Trying too hard to absorb everything in the new culture or country

Unable to solve simple problems

Lack of confidence

Feelings of inadequacy or insecurity

Developing stereotypes about the new culture

Developing obsessions such as over-cleanliness

Longing for family

Feelings of being lost, overlooked, exploited or abused

Module 7 Unit 3 Under the sea

A new dimension of life

Yuqing Midde School Xu Yaping

Teaching Aims:

1.Enable the students to learn more about the animals and plants under the sea

2.Help the students to describe things using some adjectives.

Teaching Procedures:

Step 1 Leading-in

1. Show an episode of the film “海底总动员” and ask students some questions about the film.

Eg. What can you see in the film?

Why did the sea suddenly become quiet?

T: From the film we can know the sea is full of beauty and danger.Would you like to have a look at the plants and animals under the sea ? Let’s go snorkeling.When you go snorkeling, you will see the beauty of the sea and you will see the danger of the sea. You will discover a new dimension of life.

Step 2 Scanning

T: Today we will enjoy an experience down into the depths of the sea.

Listen to the tape and try to number the paragraph topics in the correct order.

Topic Paragraph number

colors and shapes 2

dangers 4

reflecting 1

the reef’s edge 5

a final thought 6

some sea creatures 3

Step 3 Intensive reading

1. Ask and answer questions according to each paragraph.

(1) What did the writer do in the morning on 19th January?

(2) What did he think after seeing such extraordinary beauty?

(3) What is the first thing he became aware of under the sea?

(4) What did the shapes of corals look like?

(5) What other creatures did he find?

(6) Match the information about the creatures.

(7) Were there anything that made him feel frightened? What were they?

2. Challenge your memory

Divide the class in to four groups and get them to discuss and guess the name of the plants and animals according to the description of them shown just now. The student who stands up should tell the reason why he thinks so by using the description of the plants and animals.

3. Using language

(1)Complete these noun groups from the diary entry,and pay attention to the use of adjectives.

1. _________ air

2. __________ anemone fish

3.__________ lips

4.___________ reef sharks

5.____________teeth

6. ____________angel fish

7._____________water

8._______________mouth

9. ________________sea slug

10 _________________turtle.

(2)What do you notice about the order of these adjectives in the noun groups?

number size colour pattern

two little/thick/large orange and white/green striped /spotted

So, when describing objects, you can put the adjectives in the following order:

“美小圆旧黄,法国木书房.”

4. Choose the best answer.

(1).In the diary, the author mainly wants to tell that____.

A. What he saw in the sea

B. How the fish eat in the sea.

C. The vivid colors in the sea.

D. All the plants in the sea are poisonous.

(2). What was hanging upside down in the sea according to the text?

A. The orange and white anemone fish.

B. The yellow-spotted red sea-slug.

C. The yellow and green parrotfish.

D. The orange and blue-striped angle fish

(3).When the author saw two____, he felt scared to death.

A. Anemone fish B. parrot fish

C. sea-slugs D. sharks

(4).How many kinds of creatures didn’t the author want to get too close to according to the fourth paragraph?

A. Two B. three C. four D. five.

(5).From the passage we know the author felt that______.

A. He was a tiny spot compared with the whole world.

B. The ocean was a tiny spot compared with the whole world.

C. There was no danger in the sea except sharks.

D. All kinds of fish were waiting for something for food.

Step 4 Discussion

T:There are delights as well as dangers under the sea.What do you think the delights and dangers are ? Discuss and List the delights and dangers when snorkeling.

delights dangers

1.seeing such _______

_____ under the waves 1. ____________

2. seeing ___________

___________ 2. _____________

in small caves

3. exploring ________

under the sea 3. _____________

by sharks

Step 5 Beautiful words and expression

a day of pure magic extraordinary beauty

It was the most fantastic thing I have ever done.

My heart was beating wildly.

Every cell in my body woke up.

I felt scared to death.

It was like discovering a whole new dimension of life

Step 6 Writing

Use the beautiful words and exressions to write a short story according to the given information.

游迪士尼乐园

  上个星期天,爸爸妈妈带我到香港迪士尼乐园游玩,

迪士尼是我梦昧以求的地方。在那里,我看到了许多童话

故事里的人物,如白雪公主、小熊维尼等;我还和米奇合了影.我们坐了旋转木马和过山车.我们还看了恐怖电影,有

些场面真让我吓的要死.迪士尼之游让我即长了知识又饱了

眼富. 

 Key words: a roller-coaster ride 过山车  merry-go-round 旋转木马

a feast for the eyes  大饱眼富  horror films 恐怖电影

Homework:

Finish writing the composition.

M7U2课文语言点

1. probability n 可能性

probable adj probably adv

2. historian n 历史学家

history n 历史

historical adj 与历史有关的

historic adj 有历史意义的

3. physician n 医生,内科医生

physicist n 物理学家

physics n 物理

physical 肉体上的,身体上的

4. on trial ①.在实验中②.受审

trying adj难受的,难堪的,恼人的

a trying situation 尴尬的局面

5. standardize vt 使符合标准,使标准化

standard n标准,水平adj 标准的,规范的

living standard 生活水平

standard English 标准英语

6. a blood-thinning medicine 降血压的药

thin wine with water 用水稀释酒

7. roads blocked by snow被雪堵塞的道路

a block of rock 一块岩石

a block in traffic=a traffic block交通堵塞

8. at arm’s length 一臂的距离

at length ①. 冗长的 ②详尽地

tell the story at length详尽地讲述故事

9. make an application to sb for help

请求某人帮助

apply to sb for help 请求某人帮助

apply a theory to practice把理论用于实践

apply oneself to one’s job致力于本职工作

10. purify vt purify the water 使水净化

purity n纯净,纯洁

pure adj 纯净的

11. be fundamental to (doing)sth

对(做)某事是至关重要的

12. arrange for sb to do sth

make arangements for sb to do sth

安排某人做某事

arrange that sb (should) do sth

13. take (a) pleasure in 以。。。为乐

14. the fine difference细微差别

a fine rain 毛毛细雨

fine sb 罚某人的款

pay a fine of 100 yuan 罚款一百元

15. on the point of doing sth 正要做。。。

There is no point (in) doing sth

做某事没意义

from one’s point of view 在某人看来

to the point 切题

off the point 离题

16. addictions to cigarette/ drugs 烟瘾/ 毒瘾

be addicted to doing sth沉溺于做某事

17. put through 接通

put aside 把……放在一边

put away 收拾,整理

put forward 提出

put off 推迟

put out 扑灭

put up with 容忍

18.look around 环顾

look down on/upon 鄙视

look forward to 期盼

look into 调查

look out 小心

look on … as 把……看作是

look through 浏览

look up to sb. 尊敬

19. turn up 出现,露面;调高

turn down 调低;拒绝

turn off 关掉

turn on 打开

turn out (to be) 结果是

turn to sb (for help) 向某人求助

n. in turn/by turns 轮流

take turns to do/at sth.

It’s one’s turn to do…

20. take down 记下

take in 吸收;理解;容纳;欺骗

take off 起飞;成功

take on 承担;雇佣

take over 接替

take up 占据;开始(爱好……)

21. reduce fever and pain

22. a standardized tablet

23. reduce the risk of heart attacks by

(It’s) my pleasure. 荣幸 thinning blood

回答请求 with pleasure 乐意 24. due to the widespread use of penicillin

回答感谢 It’s a pleasure

24. Not only has aspirin saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain,

but there are also other things that aspirin can help with.

25. This bacteria-killing medicine is considered by many to be one of the most important medicines in contemporary society.

26. He named the chemical found in the mould ‘ penicillin’.

27. It was not until World War II that two other scientists managed to use new techniques to purify it

M7U2课文语言点

1. The date that aspirin was invented is given by medical historians as 1897,but in fact,3,500 years ago,some recipes recommeded drinking a tea made from the dried leaves of a particular plant to reduce body pains. 医学史家认为阿斯匹林发明的时间是1897年,但事实上,早在3500年前就有一些药方建议人们饮用一种由特殊植物的干叶制成的茶来减轻身体的疼痛。

recommend vt 推荐 介绍 劝告 建议

He strongly recommended her to our firm for the post.

他极力推荐她来我们公司担任这个职位

recommend sb to do sth (advise sb to do sth) 建议某人去做某事,劝某人去做某事

我劝你马上去看她

I recommended you to see her at once

recommend doing sth. 建议做某事

我建议坐公共汽车去。

I recommended going by bus.

recommend 后面接that 从句,从句里谓语动词用“should +v ”其中should 可以省略。

老师劝我们读那本书。

The teacher recommended that we (should) read the book.

B__---- How shall we go to that airport?

------ Well, I recommend _______ a taxi.

A to take B. taking C. to taking D. take

B I can _____ him to you for the job, He is a very good worker.

A. suggest B. recommend C. advise D. prompt

2. It was not until World War II that two other scientists managed to use new techniques to purify it.(P19 line 46)

是强调句型,强调的是时间。强调句型的结构为:It be + 被强调部分 +that/ who +…(指人时用that, who均可,指事物或情况用that). 这一结构用来强调句子的某一部分,it无词汇意义,只用于构成强调句型。

(1)My uncle bought a new car on Sunday.

-------It was my uncle who/ that bought a new car on Sunday.(强调主语)

-------It was a new car that my uncle bought on Sunday.(强调宾语)

-------It was on Sunday that my uncle bought a new car.(强调时间状语)

(2)强调句型的一般疑问句、特殊疑问句

It was at the end of 2001 that China joined WTO.(句型转换)

Was it at the end of 2001 that China joined WTO?

a) 中国是在2001年底加入世贸的吗?

When was it that China joined WTO?

b)中国到底是什么时候加入世贸的?

(3)如果原句中有not…until, 在强调时间状语时,将not until 连同状语一起提前。

I did not realized she was a famous star until she took off her sun-glasses.(句型转换)

It was not until she took off her sun-glasses that I realized she was a famous star.

(强调时间状语)

Not until she took off her sun-glasses did I realize she was a famous star.

(not until置于句首主谓倒装)

(4)怎样判断强调句型是否成立?强调句型只是附加在完整句子上的结构而已,所以去掉It be 和that/who 之后所剩的应是一个完整的句子。试比较:

It was at midnight that I got back home yesterday.

It was midnight when I got back home yesterday.

巩固:

C1. It is imagination ______ makes the world colourful ,full of vigor and vitality.(07上海)

A.where B. what C. that D. when

A 2. It was after he got what he had desired _____he realized it was not so important.(06辽宁)

A.that B. when C. since D. as

C3. I just wonder ______ that makes him so excited. (2006.山东)

A.why it does B. what he does C. what it is D. how it is

D4. I t was some time ______ we realized the truth. (2005 山东)

A.when B. until C. since D. before

D 5. –He got his first book published. It turned out to be a bestseller.

-- When was ______?(07浙江)

--________ was in 2000 when he was still in college.

A. that; this B. this; it C. it; this D. that; it

C6. It is not who is right but what is right ______ is of importance.(07 重庆)

A. which B. it C. that D. this

C7. Many people think that Britain and America stirred up a war on Iraq _________ freedom.

A. by the name of B. in honor of C. in the name of D. in name only

D 8. She wondered _______ we could complete the experiment.

A. when was it B. it was when that C. it was when D. when it was that

D 9. ------- I often see him working hard in his spare time.

-------- __________ he has won the scholarship from time to time.

Which of the following answers is wrong?

A. No wonder B. Small wonder

C. It’s little wonder that D. There is no wonder that

B 10. What’s the ________ of studying after the exam? Why didn’t you study harder?

A. reason B. point C. result D. mean

C 11. (2005 西城抽样测试) I listened to Dr Johnson’s lecture about the American history and

Culture, but I failed to get its key_____________

A. words B. points C. notes D. message

C 12. The brain performs a very important _______; it controls the nervous system of the body.

A. motion B. action C. function D. fund

A 13. I wanted to write about people _____ to drugs.

A. addicted B. addict C. addiction D. addictive

D 14. Although she is only 17 years old, she __________ drugs for two years.

A. addicts B, has addicted to C. has addicted D. has been addicted to

B 15. The doctor had almost lost hope at one point, but the patient finally_________

A. pulled out B. pulled through C. pulled up D. pulled over

A 16. -------Are you ready to leave?

--------- Almost. I’ll be ready to go as soon as I ________ putting the clean dishes away.

A. get through B. give up C. go on D. set about

A 17. If you don’t know how to use the word, you’d better ______ in the dictionary.

A. look it up B. look up it C. look up to it D. look it up to

C 18. (2006 济南统考)------- Why were you in a bad mood yesterday?

-------- A student ________ me down badly though I trusted him.

A. put B. left C. let D. set

A 19. She speaks French very fluently, but her pronunciation ___________.

A. lets her down B. lets down her C. lets her off D. lets her out

D 20. Is it the years ______ you worked in the factory _______ have a great effect on your

literary works?(2005 湖北八校高三联考)

A. that; where B. that; that C. when; where D. when; that

C 21. It was ___________ back home after the experiment.

A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go

C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go

B 22. --------- Was it what he said or something that he did ______ made you cry so sadly, Sarah?

---------- No, not really.

A. which B. that C. when D. what

C 23. __________ the people have become masters of their country ________ science can really

serve the people.

A. It is only then; that B. It was that; when

C. It is only when; that D. It was when; then

B 24. The young dancers looked so charming in their beautiful clothes that we took ______

pictures of them.

A. many of B. masses of C. the number of D. a large amount of

B 25. As a result of destroying the forests, a large ______ of desert ________ covered the land.

A. amount; have B. quantity; has C. mumber; has D. quantity; have

C 26. The number of people invited _________ fifty, but a number of them ______ absent for

different reasons.

A. were; was B. was; was C. was ; were D. were; were

注解:9 “难怪”的表达 It’s no/ little/ small wonder that…….it is 不可用 there be 替代

10. point在这儿解释为“作用,意义”

11. key words 重要词汇 key points 要点 key notes 主要记录 key message主要信息

15. pull out拔出,挖出,( 船,车)驶出;pull through病人恢复健康;

pull up 拔起,使停下;pull over 把。。。。拉回来

18. let sb done使某人失望

Module 3 Unit 3

一、 Spelling.

1.Both Pompeii and Loulan became lost c______________(文明) about 2,000 years ago.

2.This morning we went to a l____________ about Pompeii.

3.Near the city was a volcano called Vesuvius. On 24th August AD 79, the volcano e_________ and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside.

4.It continued to erupt for the next three days. U_______________, all the people were buried alive, anad so was the city.

5.So in 1860, the Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli was made d___________ ( 负责人)of the Pompeii dig.

6.Tomorrow we aer off to Naples to visit the museum that h__________ many of the treasures from Pompeii.

7.It’s hard dto imagine how this quiet vocano d_____________ the whole city!

8.This small, wealthy _______________ (商业的)city existed almost 2,000 years ago.

9.An archaeologist from the local ______________ (文化的) institute, Professor Zhang told us this.

10.Sven found the r____________ of buildings buried under the sand, together with a lot of treasures, such as coins, painted pots, silk m______________, d_____________ and wall paintings.

11.The desert was once a green land with e___________ trees, but even that didn’t prevent the city from being _________ by sand--- what a pity!

12.A saying goes t________ rome wasn’t built in a day.

13.During these years I have had the chance to explore many different places in China and t______________ the world.

14.We went through a 10-metre-long p____________ and we found ourselves in a large burial chamber.

15.We saw pieces of material, bones, w_________ cups and leather bags.

16.Most of them were in good c____________.

17.Jack is a concerned c__________(市民).

18.Pear Harbor is onne of the m___________ military bases of the United States.

19.The next day, US President Franklin Roosevelt d______________ war against Japan.

20.A national m___________ was built in Pear Harbor just above the remains of the sunk battleship Arizone.

21.In 753 BC, the city of Rome was founded, and in 509 BC, it became a r____________.

22.During the same period, there was much c___________ and fighting between the groups of people who ruled the different parts of China.

23.There is another _____________ (相似点) between China and rome.

24.It was a different story for China with the _____________ (形成) of the Sui Dynasty in AD 581, which once again r___________ China in AD 589.

25.Fifteen years later the Qin Dynasty was ______________ (推翻).

二.Fill in the blanks.

take over take back take away take off take out take down

take up take charge of take control of take action take in

1) He opened the drawer and ______________ a notebook.

2) He expects to ______________ the business when his father retires.

3) Can you _________________what I am saying?

4) Mr. Li __________________gardening after he retired.

5) _________________ the notes while listening to the teacher.

6) Who has___________________ my book?

7) Who will ____________________ the class when the head-teacher is away?

8) The Chinese government _____________________to protect the cultural heritage.

三、Complete the following sentences.

1.The book had a great effect on his life. The book i_____________ his life greatly.

2.They didn’t tell me the location. They didn’t show me tge map, either.

They ___________ told me the location ________ showed me the map.

3.Some people tried to escape, some people stayed in their houses.

People ___________ tried to escape _______ stayed in their houses.

4.It worries the tourists. It keeps raining.

______ ______ ________ _________ ________ the tourists.

5.They also ________ ________ (进行)other experiments.

6.When autumn comes, leaves (变成) ________ ________ orange, red and gold.

7.我们对他的健康表示关心。We _________ ________ ________ his health.

8.________ _______ _______ _______ ________ ________ _______ _____ ,(在好心的老人的带路下,用with复合结构做), we arrived at the remote village before lunchtime.

9.We gave Peter a nice present ______ ______ ______ (作为对。。。。。回报)his cooperation.

10.It’s ______ _____ _____ (很难想象)what our lives would be like if we did not have electricity and clean water.

11.(众所周知)_______ ______ _______ ______ ______, China is a country with a long history.

12.Are there any ______________ (相似之处) between Goethe and Byron.

13.He is not always on the ball in class because he is not interested in his lessons.(写出画线部分的汉语意思)

14.I f______ ______ ______ (感到荣幸)won the holiday and have made so many friends.

15.I was too tired to eat anything we were given. (改成复合句)

I was _______ _________ ________ I _______ ________ anything we were given.

16. _______ the husband ______ the wife tells stories for children every night.(填上适当的连词)

四.Translation.

1他们要求他对此事保密。(require)

__________________________________________________________.

2谁也阻止不了运动会的举行。(prevent)

_____________________________________________________________.

3据说这本书很值得一读。(It is said that)

__________________________________________________________.

4我看见一位老人很吃力地在街上走着,手里还拿着一根拐杖。(make one’s way)

____________________________________________________________________

5我的电脑上周末被一种未知病毒攻击,因而电脑已坏了一周了。(virus病毒)

______________________________________________________________________

五、单项选择

1. Don’t let me catch you ______.

A. do that again B. to do that again C. doing that again D. done that again

2. We must have an engineer ______ the workers build the house.

A. to see B. see C. seeing D. seen

3. I don’t allow ______ in my office and I don’t allow my family ______ at all.

A. to smoke…smoking B. smoking…to smoke

C. to smoke…to smoke D. smoking…smoking

4. George went hunting for a week but still he didn’t find a room ______.

A. to live B. to live in C. for living D. to be living in

5. The law requires all cars _______ for safety and efficiency.

A. being tested regularly B. to be regularly tested

C. be regularly tested D. regularly tested

6. He was just about to jump up when he felt something ______ near his feet.

A. to move B. move C. moving D. moved

7. I would like ______ that I don’t have a very high opinion of you.

A. to have you know B. have you know C. to have your known D. having you know

8. When he awoke, he found himself ______ in the hospital and ______ by an old woman.

A. lying…being looked after B. lying…be looking after

C. lie…be looked after D. lie…being looked after

9. The manager promised to keep me ______ of how our business was going on.

A. to be informed B. informed C. on informing D. informing

10. If you don’t know the meaning of the word, you can ___ in a dictionary.

A. look it up B. look up it C. refer to it D. consult in

11. Neither you nor I, nor anybody else ___ content to live in such a lonely village.

A. is B. am C. are D. were

12. The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for Beijing Olympics ___ by 2006.

A. has been completed B. has completed

C. will have been completed D. will have completed

13.Two bags which ______ to Hong Kong were at this moment being loaded aboard a flight to Guangzhou.

A. should have gone B. should be going C. must have gone D. must be going

14. Sometimes we are asked ___ we think the likely result of the program will be.

A. how B. whether C. that D. what

15. It was said that not until the old man had passed away ___ to his relatives.

A. she let out the secret B. was the secret let out

C. out she let the secret D. out let the secret

16. Mary, it’s already 7 o’clock. I’m afraid there is not much time _____ for you to _____ for the ball.

A. leaving; get dressing B. remaining; get to dress

C. remained; get dressed D. left; get dressed

17. ---Is Mr. Stephen in, please? He___ me. --- Yes, sir. In the meeting room.

A. is expecting B. has expected C. expected D. was expecting

18. Free medical treatment in this country covers sickness of mind as well as ___ sickness.

A. normal B. average C. regular D. ordinary

19. His cousin, who was made ___ of the department, was only 28 that year.

A. director B. directer C. a director D. our director

20. They will give us the money ___ we pay it back within half a year.

A. on no condition B. on condition C. under the condition D. on condition that

21. Not only ___ interested in football but ___ beginning to show an interest in it.

A. is the teacher himself, are all his students B. the teacher himself is, are all his students

C. is the teacher himself, all his students are D. the teacher himself is, all his students are

22. these two countries have a ___. They both have a high snowfall during winter.

A. situation B. response C. similarity D. condition

23. It is important that we ___ with all that ___ in the struggle.

A. should unite, be united B. would like, can be united

C. should unite, could unite D. unite, can be untied

24. As we joined the crowd I got ___ from my friends.

A. lost B. separated C. spared D. missed

25. John knocked at the door for nearly five minutes___ his wife opened it.

A. when B. before C. until D. while

26. They got the work ______ before the rainy season set in.

A. to do B. done C. doing D. did

27. Please remind me ______ some eggs for the coming party.

A. buy B. to buy C. of buying D. for buying

28. Although John was the oldest in the family, he always let his sister _______ charge of the house.

A. to take B. taking C. take D. taken

29. There was nothing to ___ us doing so.

A. keep B. make C. let D. prevent

30. ---Did you listen to Mr. Jackson’s lecture? ---Yes, I have never heard such a ___one.

A. more exciting B. more excited C. most excited D. most exciting

31.I told the police who came to look into the accident what ___ the poor girl.

A. was happened on B. was happening on C. happened on D. had happened to

32.It must have rained last night, _______ the ground is wet here and there.

A because B as C for D since

33.____ to take the English evening course. Please fill in this form.

A These who want B Anyone wants C Those that want D People want

34.How pleasant the picture is _________!

A to look at B looking at C look D to be looked at

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

M7u2 language points in reading

1. The date that aspirin was invented is given by medical historians as 1897, but in fact, 3,500 years ago, some recipes recommended drinking a tea made from the dried leaves of a particular plant to reduce body pains.

recommend作动词,意思是“劝告;建议;介绍:推荐”。作“劝告“或”建议”讲时,常构成短语:recommend doing sth

recommend sb to do sth.

recommend sb sth.

我劝你照他说的去做。

I recommend you _to do__ what he says.

我建议买这本字典。

I recommend _buying_ this dictionary.

你能把他推荐给经理吗? Can you recommend him to the manager__?

注意:类似recommend这样一些具有“命令、要求、建议“等含义的动词.如后接宾语从句,则从句的谓语动词用动词原形或“should + do/be”。

2. It was in 1897 that a European chemist called Dr Felix Hoffmann produced acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) from some other chemicals to make a medicine for his father.

It is/was + 被强调的部分+ that/ who clause

是玛丽的粗心导致了这次失败。

It was Mary’s carelessness that led to the failure.

他是什么时候从北大毕业的?

When was it that he graduated from Beijing University?

3. This is one of the first medicines in the world ever to be sold as a standardized tablet.

This company was the first to produce portable radios as well as cassette tape recorders in the world.

在序数词或形容词的比较级、最高级后常用不定式作定语。如果不定式后动作和其逻辑主语之间为被动关系,则要用不定式的被动式。

他是最后一个被邀请发言的人。

He is the last person to be invited to speak.

她是这个国家第一个当选总统的女性。

She is the first woman to be elected president in the country.

刘翔是第一个破110米栏记录的亚洲人。

Liu Xiang is the first Asian to break the 110m hurdles record.

4. Not only has aspirin saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things that aspirin can help with.

not only…but (also)…

not only在句首时,用部分倒装, 而but also句子不倒装。

他不仅喜欢足球,而且对篮球也感兴趣。

Not only does he like football ,but also he is interested in basketball.

残疾人不仅要读,写,烹调,而且还要学习,上大学,参加考试并得到工作。

Not only do disabled people read, write, and cook, but they also study, go to college, take exams and have jobs.

5. Lawrence Craven, a doctor from the USA, is the author of several published reports, one of which introduced the idea in 1953 that aspirin could reduce the risk of heart attacks by thinning blood.

a doctor from the USA 是Lawrence Craven的同位语;one of which引导定语从句,修饰先行词reports;that aspirin could reduce the risk of heart attacks by thinning blood是同位语从句,修饰先行词idea。

我不知道他何时回来。

I have no idea when he will be back.

我们是否应该继续做这项实验的问题还没解决。

The problem whether we should continue to do the experiment or not hasn’t been solved yet.

6. However, in 1971, Smith and Willis from the UK proved that aspirin was a blood-thinning medicine, and in 1977, a study carried out in the USA showed that the chemical ASA in aspirin could prevent a stroke, which is a type of serious illness when blood vessels in the brain burst suddenly or are blocked.

prove作"证明;证实"解时+名词/代词 /双宾语/复合宾语/宾语从句等,可用于被动语态.

你能证实那一点吗?

Can you prove that ?

你能向我们证实你的理论吗?

Can you prove your theory to us?

他们证实自己机智、勇敢.

They proved themselves wise and brave.

这一切都证明他是一个诚实的人.

All this proved him to be an honest man.

伽利略证实地球和所有其它的行星都是绕太阳运转的.

Galileo proved that the earth and all other planets move around the sun.

你能证实五月十日你在什么地方吗?

Can you prove where you were on May 10th?

prove作“证明是;结果是;事实说明”解时, 不用于被动语态.用作连系动词,接形容词、名词、不定式to be以及of短语.

结果证明这药疗效令人满意.

The medicine proved satisfactory_.

结果证明她是一位非常严格的老师.

She proved a very strict teacher.

也许这本书会对你的研究有用处.

Perhaps this book will prove of some use to you in your studies.

结果她可能是最适合干这项工作的人.

She may prove to be the most suitable person for the job.

7. Eleven years later, Dr Thu from the USA showed that ASA could reduce the risk of colon cancer by 40%.

reduce… by减少了

by 意思为“到…程度,相差…幅度”

她比我高3公分。

She is taller than me by 3 centimeters.

海平面上升了3毫米。

The level of the sea rose by 3 millimeters.

reduce to 减少到

increase to 增加到

increase by 增加了

8. However it was not until World War II that two other scientists, Howard Florey(Australian) and Ernst Chain (German-born English) , managed to use new chemical techniques to purify it.

1) However, not until World War II did two other scientists manage to use new chemical techniques to purify it.

2) However, two other scientists did not manage to use new chemical techniques to purify it until World War II.

直到她的孩子长大她才得以回去工作。

She was not able to go back to work until her child grew up.

Not until her child grew up was she able to go back to work..

It was not until her child grew up that she was able to go back to work..

直到20世纪90年代我家乡的学校里才开始普及电脑。

Computers didn’t begin to be widely used in the schools in my hometown until the 1990s.

Not until the 1990s did computers begin to be widely used in the schools in my hometown.

It was not until the 1990s that computers began to be widely used in the schools in my hometown.

9. If penicillin had not been available, many people would have died from bacterial illnesses or even minor wounds.

如果你昨天来了的话,你就碰见她了。

If you had come yesterday, you would have met her.

要是有时间,我一定去。

If I had the time, I would certainly go.

如果明天天气好的话,我会去海边。

If the weather were fine tomorrow, I would go to the beach.

10. So although Fleming discovered penicillin, it was over a decade before someone else turned penicillin into the great drug of the 20th century.

It was + 一段时间 + before –clause 过了多久才

It wasn’t + 一段时间 + before –clause 没过多久…就

It will be + 一段时间 + before –clause 要过多久…才

It won’t be + 一段时间 + before –clause 要不了多久…就

这种状况可能要过很多年才会得以改善。

It may be many years before the situation improves.

没过三个月她就辞职了。

It wasn’t three months before he resigned.

要不了多久你就会成功的。

It won’t be long before you succeed

过了几个小时后我们才到达那个山村。

It was several hours before we reached the village.

句型转换

1. There is a high probability that you will find aspirin and penicillin.

___ ____ ______ ______ that you will find aspirin and penicillin. It is probable that

2. Our teacher recommends us to take notes while listening to a lecture.

Our teacher recommends ____ ______ _________ while listening to a lecture.

Our teacher recommends that ________ _______ _________ while listening to a lecture.

us taking notes; we take notes,

3. Regular radio broadcasts didn’t begin until 1920.

1) not until 的倒装句

_____ ______ ______ _______ regular radio broadcasts ________.

2) not until 的强调句型

______ ______ _____ _______ _______ ______ regular radio broadcasts_________.

Not until 1920 did, begin; It was not until 1920 that, began

4. The first trial of this medicine took place in 1899.

This medicine was first ______ _______ in 1899. tried out

5. Not only has aspirin saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things that aspirin can help with.

Aspirin has______ _______ saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but also ______ ______ _____ other things.

not only; can help with

6. Eleven years later, Dr Thu from the USA showed that ASA could reduce the risk of colon cancer by 40%.

Eleven years later, Dr Thu from the USA showed that ASA could ______the risk of colon cancer ____ 60%. reduce …to

7. Dr Yuan Minsheng found that ASA could reduce blood sugar levels and ,therefore, help people with diabetes.

Dr Yuan Minsheng found that ASA could reduce blood sugar levels and ,____ ___ ______, help people with diabetes. as a result

8. This bacterial-killing medicine is considered by many to be one of the most important medicines in contemporary society.

Many ________ this bacterial-killing medicine ____ one of the most important medicines in contemporary society. consider ; as

9. He immediately thought that this application might help in treating wounds and illnesses caused by bacterial.

He immediately thought that if he _______ it ___ treating wounds and illnesses caused by bacterial, it might help. applied …to

10. Due to the widespread use of penicillin, many lives were saved during World War II.

______ _____ the widespread use of penicillin, many lives were saved during World War II.

Because of

11. If penicillin had not been available, many people would have died from bacterial illnesses or

even minor wounds.

Penicillin _______ ______ then, otherwise many people would have died from bacterial illnesses or even minor wounds.

was available

M7 U2 Reading

编写:周红梅 审核:曹刚

1.L2. open up a package 打开包裹、open up a new restaurant 开业,开张

open up undeveloped land 开发 open up a medicine cupboard 打开药柜子

1)The story of Helen Keller’s life opens up a whole new world to us._______________

The debate could open up sharp differences between the countries.这次辩论能够_______________________.

2) We're going to open up our kitchen by knocking down a couple of walls.我们打算把墙壁推倒来_____________..

3)I've never ______________to anyone like I do to you. 我从来没有对任何人象对你一样地敞开心扉.

2.L2.There is a high/strong probability that…. 类似结构:There is possibility that…

It is probable that… It is possible that…

There is little probability that ______________________..

=There is little probability of ______________________.

=It is probable that_______________________________.

注意比较:

probable: adj. 很可能的,与likely意思相近,有时可以互换;

possible的语气稍弱。他们各自的句型如下:

It’s probable/possible for sb. to do sth.

It’s probable/possible that…

It’s likely that…

is likely to do sth.

3.L7… recommended drinking a tea made from the dried leaves of a particular plant to reduce body pains.

但事实上,早在3,500年前就有一些药方建议人们饮用一种由特殊植物的干叶制成的茶来减轻身体的病痛。

1)recommend sth/sb

eg: She has been_____________________for promotion. 她已经被推荐提升了.

2)+ (that) (注意后接should 或用动词原型)

eg: The doctor recommended (that) I___________ more exercise. 医生建议我进行更多的锻炼 .

3)+ ing

eg: I recommend______________your feelings down on paper.我建议你把自己的感觉写在纸上.

4) recommended adj.

It is dangerous to take more than the _____________ dose of this medicine.服用超过这种药的建议量是很危险的.

5) recommendation n.

I got the job on his _________________. 在他的举荐下我得到了这份工作.

The report makes the ________________ that no more prisons should be built.这份报告建议不要再建造监狱.

4.1) 强调结构:L11&46

It was in 1897 _______ a European chemist… (Line 11)

It was not until World War II________two other scientists… (Line 46)

It was in the very house _____ was built with wood _____ the Japanese spent his childhood.

2) 强调结构的正确使用:

判断句子,如有错,加以改正:

a. It was me that met him in the street.

b. It were you that the teacher wanted to see.

c. What it is that you want to say?

d. It was at six this morning when I woke up.

e. It was at the party that they met each other, didn’t they?

3)高考链接

1. It was not until she got home _______ Jennifer realized she had lost her keys. (2006全国II)

A. when B. that C. where D. before

2. It was after he got what he had desired _______ he realized it was not so important. (2006辽宁)

A. that B. when C. since D. as

4)用两种方法改写:It was not until World War II that two other scientists managed to use new chemical techniques to purify it. (Lines46-48)

1) _______________World War II __________________to use new chemical techniques……

2) two other scientists _________________to use new chemical techniques to purify it ________World War II.

5.L20. not only… but (also)…

1) 他不仅自编剧本,还饰演其中的角色。

He_______________ his own plays, _____________ acts in them.

____________he write his own plays, ____________ he acts in them.

2) 不仅我, 他也错了。 Not only I but also he is wrong .

6.L.24. thin (adj.)---thin (v.)

eg. 1) Add more water to the mixture to ________ it.

2) War and disease are the two main causes of ______________ population.

选用下列形容词活用为动词形式:

quiet thin slow narrow calm dirty empty yellow busy better lower warm dry

1) The train _________ down to half its speed.

2) The river __________ at the point.

3) I couldn’t __________ her.

4) Please ____________ the milk.

5) Nothing ____________ sooner than a tear.

6) Don’t ____________ your hands, children.

7)He ____________ his voice not to wake her.

7.L25.prove 常见搭配

prove sb /sth to be +adj/n

prove sth that……

1)The task _____ more difficult than we’d thought.

A)is proved B)was proved C)proves D) proved

2) The extra room ______ very useful when we had visitors.

8. L26 carry out, carry on / carry on with sth

1)carry out a plan / promise / survey/ experiment_____________________________

2)___________ unitl you get to the corner, then turn left.

3)After his father’s death, Billy _____________the business.

4) Chinese astronauts ____________the mission in space exploration successfully.

5) Once a plan is made, it should __________ no matter how difficult it is.

9.L27.prevent the stroke……

prevent sb (from) doing sth

stop sb (from) doing sth

keep sb from doing sth

keep sb (from) doing sth

protect sb from …

People wear sunglasses to _________ their eyes ________being hurt by the strong sunlight.

Nobody can ______________us doing that. 没有人可以阻止我做那件事。

9.L29.risk 常见搭配

risk doing sth 冒险做某事

at the risk of 冒着…的危险

take/run a risk 冒险

take/run the risk of doing 冒…的危险

at any risk不论冒什么危险

at risk 处于危险中

1)I wouldn’t _____ the risk of ___________for work.(冒上班迟到的危险)

2)He saved my life ______________losing his own.(冒失去生命的危险)

10.. Lines49-50 …so mass production started quickly. 大规模的生产

The new policy raised a storm of mass protests.

The sun makes up about 99% of the mass of solar system.

The trains provided cheap travel for the masses.

Stored in the computer is a huge mass of data.

11. Lines 50-51 Due to the widespread use of penicillin, many lives were saved during World War II.

该句中due to 译为因为青霉素的广泛使用

The flight will arrive late_______________________.因为大雾

When is the next train due?___________________________

Please let me know when the rent is due in advance.____________________________

The strike is due to begin on Tuesday. _____________________________________

12. It was a dream come true. Line 51

Young people look up to Yang Liwei as an example of a man who managed to ______his dream.实现梦想

John always lives ______ a dream.生活在梦想当中.

Meeting the princess was (like) a dream ____________.实现

13 . Lines 54-56 before 句型

1) It will be/ was + 一段时间+before 过多久才…

It was a long time before he came to._______________________________

It will be 3 weeks before we have a monthly exam._____________________

2)It will not be long + 一段时间+before 不久就…

3) 还没…就…

She rushed out before I could stop her.

练习:It was several hours before we__________________.过了好几个小时我们才到那个村庄

It _______________________________ we meet again. 要过好久我们才能再见面

It ______________________________ you succeed.不久我们就成功了。

14. L 59. wonder drug…

1).v.想知道 eg: I was ________if you could tell me how to get rid of it.

2)n. 奇迹,奇观; 惊奇

It’s a wonder that … 奇怪的是…

It’s no wonder that …难怪…

He hasn’t slept at all for three days. ________ he is tired out.

A. There is point B. There is no need C. It is no wonder D. It is no way

检测题:

一.Choose the correct answer.

1. If you open up any medicine cupboard in the world, there is a high probability _____ you will find aspirin and penicillin.

A. which B. what C. that D. when

2. Was it in 1897 _____ a European chemist called Dr Felix Hoffmann produced acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) from some other chemicals to make a medicine for his father?

A. when B. which C. that D. in which

3. Lawrence Craven, a doctor from the USA, is the author of several published reports, one of _____ introduced the idea in 1953 _____ aspirin could reduce the risk of heart attacks by thinning blood.

A. which; that B. that; which C. which; which D. whom; that

4. In 1977, a study carried out in the USA showed that the chemical ASA in aspirin could prevent a stroke, ____ is a type of serious illness _____ blood vessels in the brain burst suddenly or are blocked.

A. that; what B. which; when C. that; which D. which; that

5. In 1999, aspirin was 100 years old and yet there have been more discoveries on ____ it can help increase the length of people’s lives.

A. that B. when C. what D. how

6. However, it was ______ World War II ______ two other scientists, Howard Florey and Ernst Chain, managed to use new chemical techniques to purify it.

A. not until; that B. till; that C. not until; when D. till; when

7. Penicillin is also used to treat other illnesses including pneumonia, an illness _____ affects the lungs.

A. that B. which C. / D. Both A & B.

8. So, although Fleming discovered penicillin, it was over a decade _____ someone else turned penicillin into the great drug of the 20th century. A. while B. that C. before D. after

二.Fill in the blanks using the verbs given.

1. In fact, 3,500 years ago, some recipes recommended drinking a tea _____ (make) from the _____(dry) leaves of a particular plant _________ (reduce) body pain.

2. A year later, in 1900, aspirin was sold in shops as a tablet __________ (contain) 500 milligrams of ASA.

3. This is one of the first medicines in the world ever ________ (sell) as a _________ (standardize) tablet.

4. In 1950, aspirin appeared in the Guinness Book of Records as the _________ (best-sell) painkiller.

5. This bacteria-killing medicine is considered by many ____(be) one of the most important medicines in contemporary society.

6. Due to the widespread of penicillin, many lives were saved during World War II. It was a dream _____ (come) true.

7.Not only ____ aspirin saved many people’s lives by ______(reduce)fever and ____(help) stop pain, but there also other things that aspirin can help __________.

8. If you go to have adventures in Africa, you’ll need to take some water _________(purify) tablets and place them in a pan when you boil the water.

Unit 3 Under the sea 教学设计

In this unit students learn about Killer whales and whaling in the early twentieth century, and also about the decline in shark populations in the world today. The unit asks students to think about contemporary issues such as whether whaling should be allowed and whether sharks should be protected.

The reading texts are in the forms of a fictional story, a diary entry and a retelling of an Init legend. The listening texts include a dialogue that show how to make a complain, radio news items and a radio interview.

Design: This unit can be divided into 7 periods.

1st period 2nd period 3rd period 4th period 5th period 6th period 7th period

Reading Language study Grammar Reading task in WB Extensive reading Listening Exercises

Period 1 warming up and reading

Teaching Aims:

Enable the students to know about animals and plants under the sea.

Help the students to learn an Inuit legend about the Killer Whale.

Important points:

Reading comprehension to the text

Understanding the relationship between the killers and the whalers.

Important words and expressions

Difficult points

The relationship between the killers and the whalers

Teaching methods:

Scanning and skimming

Ask and answer questions activities

Individual, pair and group work

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector

Teaching Procedures & ways

Step 1: pre-reading

Writer Clancy

Vocation A whaler

Style Anecdotes

time At the beginning for the 20th century

Place Australia

Main idea The killer whale help people to kill baleen whale

Step 2: scanning

Scan the text, and fill in the blanks with names mentioned in the text

1. ______________was 16 years of age when he went to work at the whaling station

2.___________orderd Clancy to go to the boat as there was a whale out there in the bay

3. _________was swimming by the boat showing the whalers the way

4._________told Clancy that they would return the next day to bring in the body of the whale

5._________was carried by the waves further and further away from the whalers.

6. _______________knew that Old Tom would protect James.

Step 3 : Skimming (put the sentences into the right order.

( ) George started beating the water with his oar

( ) Clancy grabbed his boots and raced after George to the boat

( ) Clancy arrived at the whaling station

( ) The killers started racing between our boat and the whale

( ) Clancy heard a huge noise coming from the bay

( ) Clancy was sorting out his accommodation

( ) Clancy ran down to the shore

( ) The man in the bow of the boat aimed the harpoon at the whale

Step 4: careful reading

1. what evidence was there that Old Tom was helping out the whalers?

2. what other animals did the author compare the killer whales with?

3. “The killers started racing between our boat and the whale just like a pack of excited dogs.” why do you think the killer whales behave like this?

4. why did George think that the killer whales worked as a team?

5. why do you think the whalers allowed the killer whales to drag the whale under the water to feed on its lips and tongue?

6.why did the whalers return home without the whale’s body?

7.How do you think Red felt about the killer whales?

8. How did Old Tom help James? Why do you think he did this?

Step 5 Discussion

Describe the relationship between Old Tom and the whalers. What other animals help out humans in hunting?

Step 6 debating

The last whaling station in Australia closed in 1978. whales are now an endangered species and protected by an international ban, but some countries oppose the ban. In groups discuss the reasons for and against banning whaling.

Step 7 Homework

Finish Ex.1&2 in page 22

Period 2 learning about language

Teaching Aims:

Teaching the students the important words and expressions

Important points:

Witness, ahead of, drag, in the meantime, abandon and so on

Teaching methods:

Ask and answer questions activities

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector

1.be present at sth and see it______________

v. 亲眼看到

昨天在回家路上我目击了一场事故。

__________________________________

Witness: suggest, indicate 表明, 说明, 作证

Her flushed face witnessed the great excitement she felt.

没有人证明他在场

__________________________________________

Witness n 目击者, 证人, 证据

The witness left the court

a living witness to 一个活生生的证人

Bear witness to 为…作证

…I witnessed it with my own eye many times

2.I was sorting out my accommodation

Sort out 发类, 整理

I’m just sorting out the paper that can be thrown away

Sort out 解决

We’ve got a few little problems to sort out

Sort through 查看并挑选出

Put away 把…存放好

3. rooms, esp. for living in__________

n. 住所, 膳食

今晚我们能找到旅馆住宿吗?

____________________________________

accommodate v.适应,调解。

Accommodating adj. 亲切的, 易打交道的

4.Send sth throw the air with some force ________

Throw itself out of the water 形象地表现 了鲸跃出水面的动作

I felt encouraged when he threw cold water on my idea

She threw herself into a chair and began to cry

He has thrown himself into gardening

The fire threw hundreds of workers out of work,

…sea an enormous animal throwing itself out of the water and then crashing down again

5. further forward in space or time __________

向前, 朝前, 在前

B. in the lead over sb. or sth __________

在…之前

He ran ahead.

Time here is nine hours ahead of London

Ahead of 比…好

He is ahead of me in Chinese

Get ahead of 超越

By working hard he got ahead of the rest of the class

3. George said as he ran ahead of me

乔治在我前面边走边说

我们和其他捕鲸人都跳上船, 朝海湾开去

We headed the boat out to sea

We are heading home

Head 带领

Who is heading the Party?

Whose name heads the list?

4.We jumped into the boat with the other whalers and headed out into the bay

There was Tom, circling back to the boat, leading us to the hunt again

汤姆出现了, 转回到船边,又领我们前往捕鲸处

Lead 向导

She led a blind man across the street

Our guide led us to the museum

Lead 通向

All roads lead to Rome

Your explanation has led me to a clear understanding

Lead sb to do 使…干

What lead you to believe it?

Its body was dragged by the killers down into the depths of the sea

Drag 拖

He dragged the table into the corner

Drag down 把人拖垮

Drag one’s feet 故意拖延

Drag in 拉进去

Drag on 拖延,拉长

Depths 表示底层, 深处

The depths of the ocean

The depths of the jungle

The depths of the country

The depths of winter

The depths of one’s heart

The depths of despair

海洋深处

丛林深处

穷乡僻壤

隆冬

心灵深处

绝望的深渊

In the meantime, Old Tom, and the others are having a good fed on its lips and tongue

In the mean time 在这期间, 与此同时

The conference will begin in an hour, in the meantime, let’s have a coffee.

Feed on 吃, 以…为食

Cows feed on hay during winter

Feed…on / feed …to 以…饲养

We feed our dog on meat=we feed meat to our dog

Feed … into / feed …with 给…添加

He fed the fire with some logs=he fed some logs into the fire

8. From James’s face, I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us 从詹姆斯的脸上我能看出他非常恐慌, 生怕我们一遗弃

Abandon 放弃 抛弃

Many people were killed by the chemical weapons abandoned by the Japanese

Abandon one’s country

Abandon one’s friend

Abandon one’s post

Abandon one’s family

Abandon a bad habit

Abandon one’s hope

Abandon one’s plan

放弃祖国

放弃朋友

放弃职位

放弃家庭

放弃希望

放弃计划

I saw James being held up in the water by Old Tom

Hold up 举起

I help up my hand to show that I had a question

Hole up 使延误

we were held up on our way to the airport in a traffic jam.

Period three Grammar

Teaching Aims:

Revise the Passive Voice (2) ---including the –ing form

Important points:

The Passive Voice, exercise concerning the Passive Voice –including the –ing form.

Difficult points

Rewriting the sentences

Teaching methods:

Ask and answer questions activities

Individual, pair and group work

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector

Teaching Procedures & ways

Step 1: 构成: being +dong

它表示一个正在进生或与谓语表示的动作同时发生的被动的动作。

Being badly wounded, the whale soon died.

George didn’t like being kept waiting

I am not interested in the topic being discussed.

Find examples of this structure in the reading passage

1. I had already heard that George didn’t like being kept waiting.

2. I could see a whale being attacked by a pack of about six other killers.

3. being badly wounded , the whale soon died

4. from James’s face, I could see he was terrified of being abandoned by us

5. when we approached him, I saw James being held up in the water by Old Tom.

Step 2 fill in the blanks

1. the boy is afraid of _________________ by the dog.( attack)

2.The audience is delighted to see the girl ____________________ a prize (award)

3. The man is tired of __________________ by his boss (shout at)

4. After _______________ for failing the exam , the child started crying. (blame)

5. Peter is excited about _______________ to the party (invite)

6.The woman doesn’t like ______________ by anyone. (keep waiting )

p22

1. being attacked

2. Being held up

3. Being included

4.Having been accepted

5. being told

6. Being helped out

7. being taken

8. being photographed

9. being swallowed

10. being thrown about

Step 3 Complete each sentence in several ways with the passive –ing form

Example

When I was young, I used to dislike being told to lay the table for dinner while I was watching my favorite TV programme.

When I was in primary school I used to like…

I wouldn’t mind …

When I was a child, I used to fear…

P65 exercise 2: Rewrite the sentences using the passive form of the verbs

1. no one told us that the whale watching tour had been cancelled

2. do you think the sand castle could have been made by Ben?

3. we were taken to be produced by dirty living conditions

5. the playground is being used as a car park

6. the thief was seen entering the house with knives by the witness

Period four

( Reading Task in Workbook)

Teaching Aims:

Learn THE INUIT LEGEND OF SEDNA THE SEA GODDESS

Discuss origin of the sea goddess

Important points:

Important words and expressions

Teaching methods:

Scanning and skimming

Ask and answer questions activities

Individual, pair and group work

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector

Teaching Procedures & ways

Step 1 Discussion

Picture 1 :

1. which part of the world do you think this man is from? Give reasons

2. what do you think his clothes are made of?

Picture 2:

1. have you seen pictures of a creature like this before? Where?

2. do you know any story that involves a creature like her? What is her story?

Step 2 reading

Put the sentences into a right order

A. Sedna discovers that her husband is a sea bird

B. the Inuit believe Sedna has power over the animals in the sea

C. The bird man is so angry at Sedna’s escape that he causes a sea storm

D. Sedna’s father throws Sedna into the sea and she becomes a sea goddess.

E. Sedna doesn’t want to get married but her father tells her she must

F. Sedna ‘s father helps his daughter to escape

G. Sedna agrees to marry a stranger who promises her a good life

Step 3 Read the story again and answer the questions in pairs

1. why did Sedna need to have someone to look after her?

2. why did the bird man dress up as a human?

3. why did Sedna’s father throw Sedna into the sea?

4. what do you think happened or should have happened to Sedna’s father? Give reasons.

5. Is Sedna very powerful? Give reasons

Keys

1. because her father was getting too old to look after her.

2. Because he wanted to marry Sedna and he thought that she wouldn’t marry him if she knew he was a bird

3. Because he was very frightened of the bird man and was probably afraid that the bird man was going to kill him. He probably thought that the bird man would stop the storm if he gave the bird man what he wanted

4. perhaps her died in the storm or should have died in the storm, because he’s not a good father to Sedna

5. Yes, because she has the power to keep the sea animals away from the hunters if she is angry. It is very serious if she does this as the hunters depend on the sea animas for food.

Step 4 Writing

1.with a partner, take turns to tell the story about Sedna. Use the topics from Exercise 1 as a guide.

2. now write down the story without looking at the reading passage.

3. when you have finished, use the questions in the table below to assess you own writing.

Now read your partner’s writing and assess it , using the questions in the table below.

Go through the table with your partner and explain your answers

Sample writing

S 1 Once there was an Inuit girl called Sedna, her father insisted that she marry the next man she met. One day a man came in a boat promising to marry Sedna and give her a good life. It was only after the marriage she discovered that her husband wasn’t a real man but a sea bird

S 2 : she was very unhappy and tried every way she could to tell her father of her unhappiness. Eventually her father heard her cried and came to rescue her

S 1: when the birdman saw that his wife might escape, he caused a great storm to rise up

S 2: Sedna’s father was so frightened that he threw her over the side of the boat and into the sea. She turned into a sea goddess.

S 1: So now the Inuit believe that Sedna has power over the animals in the sea.

Period five Extensive reading

(Using language Reading and discussing)

Teaching Aims:

Enable the students to learn more about the animals and plants under the sea

Help the students to learn an some important words and expressions

Important points:

Reading comprehension to the text

Animals and plants under the sea

Important words and expressions

Difficult points

Discussion

Teaching methods:

Scanning and skimming

Ask and answer questions activities

Individual, pair and group work

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector

Teaching Procedures & ways

Step 1 Scanning

Glance quickly through the diary entry and number topics in the correct order.

Topic

Colors and shapes

Dangers

Reflecting

The reef’s edge

A final thought

Some sea creatures

Paragraph number

Suppose you are snorkeling now, list your delights and dangers

Step 2 Reading

Complete these noun groups from the diary entry, note the use of adjectives.

1. _________ air

2. __________ anemone fish

3.__________ lips

4.___________ reef sharks

5.____________teeth

6. ____________angel fish

7._____________water

8._______________mouth

9. ________________sea slug

10 _________________turtle.

Step 3 Language points

The first thing I became aware of was all the vivid colors surrounding me …

Aware of 意识到, 知道, 明白

Nerves make people aware of what their bodies are feeling

Be aware that

Everyone was aware that they didn’t get along well with each other

Are you aware that it is getting windy outside.

Upside down 倒悬

Inside out

You’d better turn the bottle upside down to empty out the oil

Why ? Look at Jim, his jacket is inside out

The water was quite shallow but where the reef ended, there was a sharp drop to the sandy ocean

A sharp drop 陡直向下的坡

Sharp 锐利的, 锋利的, 明显的, 强烈的, 刺耳的, 急剧的, 精明的, 敏捷的

I think I need a sharp pencil

She has got a sharp mind and a sharp tongue

The photograph isn’t quite sharp enough

there is a sharp bend in the road

Lemons have a sharp taste

Period 6 listening

Teaching Aims:

Train the students listening skills

Important points:

Listening skills and imitating after the tapes

Difficult points

Imitating

Teaching methods:

Listening and imitating

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector, a tape recorder

Teaching Procedures & ways

Ex 1

1. you can see whales, listen to whales singing watch them underwater, see other marine animals such as dolphins, seals and penguins.

2. various answers are possible.

3. if you missed your plane because of the tour agency’s fault, you get a full refund, if you don’t see a whale, you would get half the fare back.

Ex 2

Good aspect: 1 3 4 6 8

Bad aspect : 2 5 7

Order: 3 1 5 8 7 6 4 2

Not started by the tourist although she did say she wanted to speak to the manager.

Not stated although the tourist probably would not get another tour or a refund

A full refund

A full refund

A full refund

A refund of half the fare

Dialogue 1

1. I am sorry but weren’t very happy with the tour.

2. well, it was so wet we couldn’t go outside…my two kids are very disappointed

Dialogue 2

1. yes, the whales were awesome but I’m feeling very annoyed.

2. I’m sorry but that’s not good enough. I now have to make another airline booking and I have no idea whether there’ll be any seats available. I’d like a full refund

Dialogue 3

1.excuse me , the tour wasn’t what my husband and I had expected and we’s like a refund please.

2. I’m afraid that’s no good for us as we’re visitors to this area and we’re leaving tomorrow morning

3. well, actually, we’d like a full refund

Ex 5

Can’t control

Did see

Good enough

Do you any good

Agree

Fact

Did see

P 65

Ex 1 :

order:

6 4 7 1 5 8 2 3

Ex 2

1. No ( the chance of being bitten is very small; most sharks are not interested in attacking people)

2. three

3. wild pigs, lightening, bee stings.

4. sharks

5.The shark fin trade.

6.a 15 years; B 14 months; C 7-9

7. 400 million years

8. many shark species will not be able to survive.

Period 7 exercise

Teaching Aims:

Exercise in the work book

Important points:

Translation and passive voice

Teaching methods:

Ask and answer questions activities

Individual, pair and group work

Teaching aids

A computer and a projector

Teaching Procedures & ways

P22 ex1

Accommodation

Shore

Pack

Snorkeling

Depths

In the meantime

Ex 2

Annual

Witnessed

Helped out

Ahead of

Flee

Relationship

Dragged

Abandon

yell

Ex 3

anecdotal deep magical dimension beautiful

awareness vividness poison pure sharpness

narrowness taste/ tastiness shallow awe

Ex 2

the vividness

Awareness

Anecdote

Tasty

Poisonous

Dimensional

pure

translation

1.She was standing right next to me before I became aware of her presence

2.Whenever Kelly reads a book, she likes to reflect on its meaning for a while

3.There was nothing I didn’t like about the performance, it was pure enjoyment

4.You pain that wall and, in the meantime, I will prepare this one for you to paint next

5.My daughter loves to hang upside down on the playground equipment.

6.The strange noses in the night scared me to death

M7 Unit 1

1. review (一词多意)

review one’s lessons review the situation/the evidence

review one’s failures review the film/the play

film reviews / a review of one’s book

2. uncertain

be uncertain about / of

sb be uncertain whether / what/ how …

It is uncertain whether/how/what etc ….

3. altogether

You owe me $50 ~.

I don’t ~ agree with you.

The food was good, and we loved the atmosphere. A~ it was a great evening.

4. age

at the age of … in the age of computer for ages

5. be superior to

6. come onto the market

7. wind

sail against the wind

The snake winds its way to the hole.

wind the wool into a ball wind sth around/round …

He forgot to wind (up) his watch. Are all the windows wound up?

8. electric / electrical / electronic

an _____________fan/blanket an ______________ engineer an _____________ dictionary

9. apply

apply sth to sp apply A to B apply to sb for sth

10. demand

(1)demand sth

demand to do sth

demand that sb (should) do sth

(2)the demand for ... be in (great) demand

11. degree

Water freezes at 0°C.(zero degree centigrade)

Her job demands a high degree of skill.

I agree with you to a certain degree.

She received a doctor’s degree.

By degrees their friendship grew into love.

12. spring up

13. contribute to

14. take over the market

15. have access to sp have access to sth

17. variety / vary / various

18. bring convenience to people’s lives

For your convenience, the bank is open until 7 p.m.

Please come at your convenience.

Please give me a call if it is convenient to you.

19. stand for

20. in that case / in this case

21. be up to sb It is up to us to help those in An Indian or a Chinese meal? It’s up to you.

be up to sth What is he up to?

22. up to date

23. be capable of

24. sb be familiar with sth

sth be familiar to sb

25. for the time being

26. have faith in be faithful to

27. associate A with B be associated with 

associate with

be associated with be connected with be linked with / to be related to

28. with / without caution cautious

29. a valid passport invalid

30. be equal to

31. carry out the research

32. previous to

33. supply / provide sb with sth

supply sth to sb provide sth for sb

34. accompany sb to some place / to do sth

35. be exposed to

36. not necessarily

37. head for

38. in time for

39. by accident

40. by means of

41. double the risk of doing

42. draw a parallel between …and …

43. a link between … and …

44. be suitable for

Unit 5 Literature:the dream keeper

Section one

Step I. Greeting and speech time

Let one of the Ss give his/her speech in the front of class.

Step II. Go over the new words.

1. Listening to the tape of vocabulary and let the Ss read following it twice.

2. Have a dictation to the following words.

important ones: whisper, literature, eagle, feather, swan, beauty, muddy, peace,

sharp, familiar, identity, somehow, press, bite, expectation, statement,

content, entire, respond, material, challenge, vocabulary

Step III. Pre-reading

1. Read through the whole text and let them do the following simple questions 伴读P72

Answer the following questions.

A. Why did the girl walk into the forest one day?

B. What is the purpose of the eagle?

C. What is the purpose of the hawk?

D. What is the purpose of the hummingbird?

E. What is the purpose of the swan?

F. Did the girl find her dreams?

G. What was the dream of the girl?

2. Help the students identify the theme in this story.

Read the text more carefully and then answer the following questions.

1) What is the underlying idea?

2) What is the story trying to tell us?

3) What is the symbolic meaning?

4) What do the characters or the evens in the story stand for in the real world?

Possible answers:

1) a difficult journey

2) persistence

3) patience

4) Identifying one’s purpose in life and finding yourself and who your are.

Step IV. Language points

1. Deep into the forest

2. There is no hesitation in their flight. (There is no hesitation…)

3. fly away/ fly by /fly over

4. still 的各种含以及用法

5. from + 介词短语 :from within her heart

Section Two

Step I. Build your comprehension

1. Ask the Ss to do brain-storm: what can you see in the forest?

What can you hear in the forest?

What can you feel in the forest?

Then collect the answers to enrich their vocabulary.

2. Finish the questions (见课本58页)

Step II. Build your vocabulary

1. Finish the exercise on P58.1

2. Lead the Ss to understand the rule of forming new words by adding Adv. Suffix “ly”.

Step III. Listening skills

Listening to the tape and finish the questions 课本59页

(Answers: a. a. a. b)

Step IV. Speaking skills

1. Giving out some expressions of making suggestions.

(If you want to…? / Do you like…? / Are you interested in…? / I would like you to…/ You’d better…)

2. Asking the Ss to give suggestions in order.

3. Let the Ss work in pairs to form dialogues.

Section Three

Step I. Let Ss read the text content (课本61页).

Step II. Lead them to the conclusion of the following rules:

1. ability: can / could/ be able to

2. request & permission: can / could / may/ might / must not / shall / will / would

3. duty & obligation: should /ought / must / have to

4. intention: will / would / shall / should

5. possibility & prediction: may / might / can / could / must / will / would / ought

Step III. Exercise

用适当情态动词填空:

1. You ________ work harder if you want to succeed.

2. ________ I have some more tea?

3. Where ________ it be? It ________ be in your desk.

4. Who ________ it be? It ________ not be the headmaster for he is now attending a meeting.

5. I ________ read English very fluently.

6. He ________ swim across the channel when was only 12.

7. It ________ rain at any moment.

8. Listen! It ________ be mother back. Let’s hurry up.

9. It ________ not be him, but I am not sure.

链接高考题:

1. You might just as well tell the manufacturer that male customers ________ not like the design.

A. must B. shall C. may D. need

2. How ________ you say that you really understand the whole story if you have covered only part of the article?

A. can B. must C. need D. may

3. My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared. Who ________ have taken it?

A. should B. must C could D. would

4. -Is John coming by train?

-He should, but he ________ not. He likes driving his car.

A. must B. can C. need D. may

5. I heard they went skiing in the mountain last winter.

It ________ true because there was little snow there.

A. may not be B. won’t be

C. couldn’t D. mustn’t be

6. I hear you’ve got a set valuable Australian coins. ________ I have a look?

A. Do B. May C. Shall D. Should

Step IV. Let the Ss analyze several sentences to help them make clear about the sentence

structures.

1. In Africa I met a boy,who was crying as if his heart would break and said,when I spoke to

him,that he was hungry because he had had no food for two days.

分析: 第一,拆分句子:这个长句可以拆分为四段:In Africa I met a boy/who was crying as if his heart would break/when I spoke to him,that he was hungry because/he had had no food for two days.

第二,句子的结构分析:(1)主干结构是主语+过去式+宾语:I met a boy…。(2)crying后面是壮语从句“as if his heart would break”。(3)“when I spoke to him”是介于“said”和“that he was hungry because”之间的插入语。

2. There was little hope of continuing my inquiries after dark to any useful purpose in a neighborhood that was strange to me.

分析: 该句可分为三部分:There was little hope/continuing my inquiries after dark to any useful purpose/in a neighborhood that was strange to me.

Section Four

Step I. Introduction of background information of the woman writer.

谭恩美,著名美籍华裔女作家。1952年出生于美国加州奥克兰,曾就读医学院,后取得语言学硕士学位。她因处女作《喜福会》而一举成名,成为当代美国的畅销作家。著有长篇小说《灶神之妻》、《灵感女孩》和为儿童创作的《月亮夫人》、《中国暹罗猫》等,作品被译成20多种文字在世界上广为流传。

艾米谭是当代讲故事的高手。她是一个具有罕见才华的优秀作家,能触及人们的心灵。

艾米谭的处女作《喜福会》既获得了批评界的一致好评,也成了一本十分抢手的畅销书。她的新作写得更优美、更大胆,也取得了更大的成功。谭用她那讲故事的天才创造了一个丰富多彩的世界,这种才能时时照亮书中的每一个页码。

Step II. Check of understanding

1. How would you feel if you were a Chinese person born in the USA?

2. Are you still Chinese when you don’t know any Chinese?

3. Why do you think the author simply denied that she was Chinese?

4. What is it that drives her to go back to her roots?

5. Toward the end of the story, do you think the author comes to see that she is Chinese? Why or why not?

Step III. Difficult points

1. take off

2. feel my excitement rising

3. cannot be helped

4. I was about as Chinese as they were

5. someday

6. with引导的伴随状语

7. if only / only if

8. as though / as if

Step IV. Language points

1. be worth doing / sth. be worth while doing / to do sth.

It’s worth seeing / hearing / reading值得一看/一听/一读

be worth notice / the trouble 值得注意/费点事

It is worth while the place.这地方值得参观。

The problem is worth .这个问题值得讨论一下。

比较:上面两句中的主语, worth 前面的主语是名词或代词, 后面的动名词其逻辑宾语是句子的主语, 这是一种用主动式表达被动式的一种句型。worth while 前面的是It 是形式主语。

2. close to:

Our house is quite close to the town center.

Don’t get close to the falling building.

They were standing close to each other.

第一句中的close 是______ 词.二三句中的是______ 词.

The two things are closely interconnected.这两个事物是相互紧密地联系在一起的。

本句中的closely的意思是_________词,意思是__________。

3. follow

指出下列例句中follow的意义:

The children followed their mother into the room.

We shall follow closely the latest advance of the subject in the world. We followed the road to the top of the hill.

I didn’t follow his line of reasoning.

The soldiers must follow the officer’s orders.

Please follow the instructions on the packet when you take the drug. Disease often follows war.

4. cannot help but 不能不,不得不 can’t help 情不自禁地做某事

One cannot help but be struck by the enthusiasm of the representatives present.

人们不能不被到场的代表们的热情所感动。

I cannot help doing so under these circumstances.在这样的情况下我不得不这样做。

比较上面两句话,can’t help but 后面接__________ , can’t help 后接的是____________ .

It can’t be helped. 这是没办法的.

5. go through

to go through two stages (时期,阶段)

These countries have gone / been through too many wars.

上面两句中go through 意思是______________

The law has gone through Parliament(议会).

Their plans went through.他们的计划得到了批准。

You should go through the official channels to get help instead of through private relationship.

你应该通过官方渠道而不是通过私人关系寻求帮助。

归纳上面句子中go through的意思:

6. as though=as if ( means in a way that suggests that something is true )

The animal was walking as though it had hurt its leg.这动物走路的样子好像伤了腿似的。

She looked as if she’d been crying. 她看上去好像哭过.

He shook his head as if to say no.

7. similar 相似的, 类似的

My new dress is similar to the one you have.我的新衣服和你的那件相似。

be similar to

比较:familiar 熟悉的,熟知的

Are you familiar with this type of car? 你熟悉这种型号的汽车吗?

Are you familiar with the rules of baseball? 你熟悉棒球规则吗?

He is familiar with Chinese ancient history.他通晓中国古代史。

be familiar with 表示 ________ 对________ 熟悉.

Those plants are familiar to me.

The history of Tang Dynasty is quite familiar to him.

be familiar to

8. doubt 学习下列例句,归纳doubt 的用法

I doubt whether/if he is at home.我看他不一定在家。

I do not doubt that he can recite it.我相信他能把它背下来。

Can you doubt that he will win? 你不相信他会获胜吗?

I doubt what he said.我不相信他说的话。

9. intend vt.想要, 打算, 意指, 意为

We intend to go. They intend going. You intended that she go.

intend 后接_______和_________ 意思一样 , 如果接从句,从句中的谓语动词用_________.

intend...for 打算供...使用;打算使...成为;

The book is intended for beginners.本书是为初学者编写的。

The parent intended their daughter for a doctor . (翻译)

10. regard...as...把...视为; 认为...是

You can’t regard him as a friend but a business associate.

"你不能把他看作朋友,只是个生意合伙人。"

‘Titanic’ .

‘泰坦尼克号’被认为是到目前为止他拍得最好的影片。

At that time the ship’Titanic’was regarded as unsinkable.

当时’泰坦尼克号’船被认为是不会下沉的.

regard ... as ... 后面可接名词或 .

11.challenge向……挑战;邀请比赛

He challenged me to play another tennis game.他向我挑战要我跟他再打一场网球。

I challenged him to a game of chess.我邀他跟我下棋。

向...挑战的句型为 其中的to 后接动词时,是不定式符号, 接名词时to为介词。

12. purpose

What is your purpose in doing that? 你做那件事的意图是什么?

set the purpose for 为...确立目标 When you read , you must set the purpose for reading.

on purpose 故意地;为了;特地

I came here .我特地来这里看你。

for/with the purpose of ; 为的是; 为了....起见; 为了...的目的

He went to town .

他进城的目的是买一台新电视机。

13. more than

比较下面四个句子,试着翻译一下:

I have been there more than once.

More than one student has been to the Great Wall in our class.

Reading is more than rapidly running one’s eyes over the words.

My English teacher is more than a teacher, he is also my friend.

前两句中的more than 意思是 ;后面两句中的more than 意思是 。

Step IV. Homework

Review the whole unit and finish the exercise

SECSB 2A Unite 7 Living with disease (患病的生活)

一. 诵读背会重点单词和短语读

比赛/小测验, 错误的/假的, 病毒, 血液/流血, 预防/阻止/妨碍, 说服/劝服, 无防备的, 病/疾病, 治疗/疗法/对待,无保护的/无掩护的, 性/性别, 合适/适当的, 可利用的/可达到的/有效的, 使泄气/使失去信心, 感到振奋(高兴), 网络/广播网, 专家/专科医生, 意味深长的/富有意义的, 激烈的/凶猛的/强烈的, 陌生人/陌生事物/新来者, 放射/发射/辐射, 力量/强度/实力, 恢复/弥补/重新找到, 战士/奋斗者/战斗机, 种类/类别/范畴, 工作狂; die of, cheer…up, on the contrary, free from, hold hands, be friends with(=make friends with), toilet seats, break down(=destroy), spread through, take care of, the total number of, because of, health care, as with…, suffer from, discourage sb. from doing, the doctor’s office, take samples of, be treated with, keep…from (=prevent/stop…from ), live with, live life to the fullest, deal with, to date (=until today,Cf: up to date: modern), protect...against/from, access to, slow down

二. 读重点句子,翻译并仿照造句

1. To put it simply, he or she gets sick a lot. ( take from Listing )

2. I can become infected with HIV by swimming in a pool, holding hands or kissing someone with HIV. 3. It is safe to be friends with people who are living with HIV / AIDS.

4. AIDS is a disease that breaks down the body’s immune system and leaves a person defenceless against infections and illness.

5. Most people who have AIDS manage to survive only a few years after they get the disease. 6. People transmit HIV by having unexpected sex, by receiving infected blood transfusions

or, as in Xiaohua’s care, through birth.

7. “I wish I could remember more about my mum,” Xiaohua says, “I wish that she were here with me and that we weren’t sick.”

8. As with most diseases and disasters, the young suffer the most.

9. “If I were to live long enough to have a job, I would choose to be a doctor, helping these ADIS patients,” Xiaohua says. (对比倒数第二段最后一句)

10. The disease is not the only thing that AIDS patients suffer from. (请留意定从句中的that)

11. Xiaohua is trying to change this by creating a network of patients and doctors that can persuade hospitals and companies to spend more money on AIDS research and education.

12. It is no use trying to persuade him to have a holiday because he is a workaholic.

13. My father thinks the competition in computer companies is so fierce that he discourages me from entering the field.

14. I remember having an empty feeling in my stomach and thinking that my life was going to end. (参见P163 / 8) 15. On the contrary, I now feel as if that was when my life really began.

16. I have been living with cancer for two years and I plan to keep living with it for a long, long time. 17. Living with cancer has made me realize how precious life is and how important lit is for us to take every chance to live life to the fullest. (参照06全国高考55题)

三. 掌握P53“虚拟语气”(1),做P125Grammar,参照“精要”P141

四. 根据P128Writting,写一篇不超过120词的短文,帮助患HIV/AIDS的同学

模块六 Unit 4 (Helping people around the world)

Period 1 Reading

Teaching aims:

1. To encourage students to share their experience of helping others in their daily

life and let them know the importance of helping others;

2. To teach students some general information about the work and responsibility

of a UN Goodwill Ambassador;

3. To help students practice and reinforce their reading skills;

4. To help students master the language points in the reading.

Teaching difficulties:

1. How to use “as” in different kinds of clauses.

2. How to interchange attributive clauses and verb-ing or verb-ed phrases.

3. How to combine two independent sentences using attributive clauses.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1 Lead-in

1. Start the class with the following questions:

Have you ever thought about the future?

What do you want to be in the future?

What do you think you should do to make your dream come true in the future?

Which do you think will help you fulfill your dream?

Have you ever thought about doing something for those children to help them

realize their dreams? If you have, what would you do?

2. Have students discuss and report their answers to the class. Help students

understand that not everyone in the world has the same opportunities. It would

be very hard for some people in poor areas to realize even a simple dream like

having a warm bed to sleep in at night. Something should be done for those who

are suffering a lot.

3. Tell students that they are going to read a passage about a helpful woman who

has devoted lots of her energy and time to making the life of poor people better.

Ask students what they can find by reading the title, and ask them to predict

what may be covered in the passage that they are going to read. Say:

Today, we are going to read a passage entitled “The UN-bringing everyone closer

together”. What do you think of when you see the title? What do you think will

be mentioned in the passage?

Step 2 Reading-comprehension

1. Ask students to go through the passage as quickly as possible and try to find the

answers to the three questions in Part A. Remind students only to focus on and

answer these questions.

2. Ask students to read the passage again and complete Parts C1 and C2 individually.

After students finish the exercises, check the answers with the class.

3. design a table to check the students’ reading comprehension about the UN.

The United Nations

When it was set up After the Second World War in October 1945

Countries in the UN Originally 51 countries

Recently 191 countries

Problems it deals with Helps end some of the world’s most horrible conflicts, assists the victims of wars and disasters; protect human rights; improves international laws; helps with other problems such as lack of education, lack of food, poverty, disasters and disease

Its four main purposes To keep international peace

To develop friendly relationships among nations

To cooperate in solving international problems and in promoting respect for human rights

To be a centre for organizing the actions or work of different nations

Goals it promises to achieve by 2015 Eight goals, one of which is to ensure that fresh drinking water is available to everyone and another is that all children complete primary education

4. Talk to students about Tang Ning. Ask students what they know about this

UN Goodwill Ambassador and businesswoman from the passage. You may ask

the following questions:

What occupation does she take up in the UN?

How much money does she earn by doing this Job?

What Project or projects has she been involved in?

How does she help those people that need help?

How does she feel about taking this occupation?

What do you think of Tang Ning?

Step 3 Language points

1. refer to

What I have to say refers to all of you.

When I said that some people were stupid I was not referring to you.

Please refer to the last page of the book for answers.

It is a collection of documents with reference to the First World War.

2. be made up of

A team made up of three doctors and ten nurses was sent to the disaster area.

The oldest kind of computer was a huge machine made up of thousands of parts,

covering nearly 100 square meters.

3. operate

All the Disney parks are operated by the same company.

This machine operates day and night.

The doctors decide to operate on her immediately.

Operation n.

I can use a word processor but I don’t understand its operation.

He is the officer in charge of operation.

4. honored

He was honored with a title of “ Model Worker”.

They removed their hats to honor the flag.

It’s a great honor to be invited.

May I have the honor of this dance?

While in London, we paid a visit to the hospital founded in honor of the nurse

Florence Nightingale.

5. touch

Visitors are not allowed to touch the exhibits.

I was really touched beyond words.

We’ll keep in touch with each other wherever we go.

I hope we don’t lose touch again.

6. apart from

The house stands apart from the village.

I can’t get these two things apart.

He tore the cooked chicken apart and began to eat it.

7. lack

They are so rich that they lack for nothing.

He was acquitted for lack of evidence.

There was a severe shortage of petroleum during the war.

8. ensure

The book ensured his success.

Please ensure that all the lights are turned off at night.

These pills should ensure you a good night’s sleep.

Customs are asked to ensure that they have been given the right change before

leaving the shop.

9. rather than

I’d prefer to go in summer rather than in winter.

It ought to be me rather than you that sign the letter.

I decided to write rather than (to ) telephone.

I would stay at home rather than go shopping.

He would rather beg in the streets than get money in such a dishonest way.

10. on behalf of

On behalf of my colleagues and myself I thank you.

Ken is not present, so I shall accept the prize on his behalf.

The legal guardian must act on behalf of the child.

On behalf of all the staff, I would like to wish you a happy retirement.

Step4 Practice & Reading strategy

1. Ask students to complete Part D and Part E individually. Part D aims to check

whether students can understand the meanings of words from the context of the

passage and to show them how to explain the meanings in English. Part E aims to

make students more familiar with the reading passage and some useful words in it.

2. Ask students if they have ever read a speech before and encourage them to find out

what unique language is used in a speech. Remind then that when reading a speech,

it is important to pay attention to the speaker’s attitude. The positive and negative

adjectives can help then identify the positive negative opinion or attitude of the

speaker.

3. Ask students to read the Reading Strategy and find more sentences that express the

speaker’s attitude in the reading passage.

Step5 Homework

1. Review the text carefully after class.

2. Finish off Part A1, A2 in Workbook.

3. Finish off the exercise paper for this part.

Exercises for students:

一、非谓语动词复习练习

1. ______ nuclear radiation, even for a short time, may produce variants (变异) of genes

in human bodies.

A. Suffered B. Suffering C. Being suffered D. Having suffered

2. ______ to be practical, the new teaching method is being accepted by more and more

educational workers.

A. Having proved B. Proving C. Proved D. Having been proved

3. The car burns much fuel, but ______ all things into consideration, it is still a good car.

A. taken B. having taken C. taking D. to take

4. -The price is fine with me. How would you like it ______? -In cash, please.

A. to pay B. pay C. paid D. being paid

5. When he came back, he found the bag he had ______ over the seat was gone.

A. left to hand B. left hanging C. left hung D. to leave hanging

6. -Why do you look so disappointed, John?

-The outdoor concert ______ for tomorrow will be put off.

A. to plan B. to be planned C. planning D. planned

7. The news reporter hurried to the airport, only ______ the film star had left.

A. to tell B. telling C. to be told D. told

8. ______ a job as a professor in a well-known university, a doctor's degree is needed.

A. Having go B. If you want C. So as to get D. In order to get

9. These examples, once ___ to his article, will make it sound more reasonable and

acceptable. A. add B. to add C. adding D. added

10. -Where can I get this gift ______? -Over at Window No. 6 and wait ______.

A. to be wrapped; to be called B. wrapping; to call

C. wrapped; to call D. wrapped; to be called

11. “I hope the operation,” said the father, “______ now will give my son a new life. ”

A. being performed B. to be performed C. performing D. performed

12. There are ten waiting rooms at the newly-built station, in all 20,000 people.

A. seating B. seated C. sitting D. to seat

13. -How do you deal with the agreement between the company and the customers?

-The key _ the problem is to meet the demand _ by the customers.

A. to solving; making B. to solving; made C. to solve; making D. to solve; made

14. More natural resources should be made use of ______ the ______ need of energy.

A. meeting; increasing B. to meet; increased

C. meeting; increased D. to meet; increasing

15. The man we followed suddenly stopped and looked as if ______ whether he was

going in the right direction.

A. seeing B. having seen C. to have seen D. to see

16. Though ______ money,his parents managed to send him to university.

A. lacked B. lacking of C. lacking D. lacked in

17. The local health organization is reported ___ twenty-five years ago.

A. to be set up   B. to set up  C. to have been set up  D. to have set up 

18. I appreciated ______the opportunity to study abroad two years ago.

A. having been given  B. having been  C. to have been given D. to have given

19. There is no point ___further.

A. argue  B. to argue  C. arguing  D. being arguing

20. All flights___ because of the snowstorm, we decided to take the train.

A. were canceled  B. had been canceled 

C. having canceled  D. having been canceled 

21. He always does nothing but___.

A. complaining  B. complains  C. complain  D. to complain

22. John painted her sitting in a chair with her hands ___.

A. folding  B. to have folded   C. to fold   D. folded 

Recording after teaching:

Module 7 Unit 2 Robots

【考点温故】

I.短语翻译:

1.开展、执行_____________________ 2.列举…的清单__________________

3.独自地,亲自地__________________ 4.缺席__________________________

5.被...吓一跳____________________ 6. 同情_________________________

7.更确切的说_____________________ 8.打电话给…____________________

9.转身、转向_____________________ 10.掉落、下降、减少_____________

11.设法做到______________________ 12. 考验、测试__________________

13.不管、别惹____________________ 14.羡慕某人的成功_______________

15.保护…免受伤害________________ 16.爱上某人_____________________

17.引爆、使响、出发______________ 18.讲得通、有意义_______________

19.严肃/认真对待…_______________ 20.将…放在一边、节省___________

II.重点句型

1. A robot is a machine designed to do jobs that are usually performed by humans.

2. Do you think it possible for a robot to think for itself ?

3. Claire thought it was ridiculous to be offered sympathy by a robot.

4. Claire thanked Tony, telling him that he was a “dear”.

5. As she turned around, there stood Gladys Claffern.

6. He suggested that she invite Gladys and her friends to the house the night before he was to leave and Larry was to return.

7. By the amused and surprised look on her face, Claire knew that Gladys thought she was having an affair.

8. It was then that Claire realized that Tony had opened the curtains on the front window.

9. He had opened the curtains that night so that the other women would see him and Claire, knowing that there was no risk to Claire’s marriage.

10. It was when Asimov was eleven years old that his talent for writing became obvious.

【知识精要】

一. 重点词汇

1. desire n. 愿望, 心愿, 要求, 渴望得到的东西或人

He has no desire for wealth.

He has a strong desire for knowledge/to learn.

She is my heart's desire.

They had a desire that I attend their wedding.

desire v.希望得到,想要

desire (sb) to do / desire that sb (should) do sth

We all desire happiness and health.

She desires you to come at once.

=She desires that you should come at once.

I have long desired to meet them.

2. satisfaction n n. 满意,满足;令人满意的人或物

Satisfaction Guaranteed!

She smiled with satisfaction.

Your success is a great satisfaction to your parents.

To my great satisfaction, my son succeeded in passing the examination.

satisfy v. 使满意,使满足 be satisfied with

satisfy the people's needs satisfy the eye

Your parents are satisfied with what you have done.

I’m not satisfied with Jack’s progress in his English.

satisfied adj. 满意的,感到满意的

a very satisfied customer

satisfactory/satisfying adj. 令人满意的, 圆满的, 良好的

The result of the experiment was satisfactory.

a satisfactory explanation

3. absent adj. 缺席的;不在场的,漫不经心的;心不在焉的;茫然的

He is absent on business. He is absent from Hong Kong.

Lucy has been absent from school for a week.

absent vt. 不在;缺席

Why did you absent yourself from school yesterday?

He absent himself from the meeting yesterday.

absence n. 缺席,不在场,缺乏,没有

absence from school through illness

absence of mind / definite proof

4. alarm n. 警报, 警报器;警铃, 闹钟,惊慌,恐慌

give/raise the alarm

They heard the fire alarm.

alarm vt. 使惊慌,使恐慌 alarmed adj.

My mother was alarmed when I fell over.

The problem is growing at an alarming rate.

We were much alarmed by the fire in the forest.

People were alarmed at the sad news.

5. smooth adj. 光滑的, 平坦的, 平稳的, 平静的

The road is now smooth.

The sea looks calm and smooth.

The car came to a smooth stop.

smooth vi. 使光滑, 使平坦, 消除, 使平静, 变平滑, 变平静

The gardener smoothed the soil in a flower bed.

This agreement will smooth the way to peace.

The sea has smoothed down .

The girl tried her best to smooth down the patient’s temper.

smooth away 使容易, 排除(困难等)

we must do what we can to smooth away these difficulties.

Money helps to smooth away most problems.

smooth n. 一块平地, 平滑部分

6. embarrass v.使窘迫, 使难堪, 使焦虑不安

Are you trying to embarrass me?

I felt embarrassed at/by his comments about my clothes.

She felt embarrassed at/by her being late.

Don’t embarrass her with / by asking personal questions.

embarrassment n. 困窘,难堪,让人难堪的人或事

embarrassing adj. 令人难堪的, 让人不安的

embarrassed adj. 感到难堪的, 不安的

He felt embarrassed by his lack of money when his friends asked him for help.

7. sympathy n n. 同情, 体谅, 同意,赞同

I have been a prisoner, so I have a lot of sympathy with other people in prison.

to be in sympathy with a plan

a letter of sympathy

I feel much sympathy for what they are trying to do.

We are in sympathy with your suggestion.

8. Pile 成堆的/ 成批的 pile up 累积

There was a pile of magazines on the desk .

I ’ve got piles of work to do this evening .

My work keeps piling up.

The fallen leaves piled up .

9. absurd adj. 荒谬的,荒唐可笑的, 愚蠢的

Their request is absurd.

It was absurd of you to suggest such a thing!

It’s absurd to believe that the number 13 brings bad luck.

10. accompany v. 陪伴, 陪同, 伴随, 为…伴奏

As he was not allowed to accompany her to shops,he wrote out a list of items for her.

I'd like you to accompany me to the police station.

The singer was accompanied by/on the piano.

The candidate was accompanied by six burly bodyguards.

11. firm adj.稳固的, 坚决的,坚定的,稳定的

The chair is not firm enough to stand on.

We must take firm measures to prevent our environment from being polluted.

firm adv.稳固地,坚定地

I firmly believe that we should not tell lies.

She held her lips firmly sitting there.

Firm n. 公司,商号 Firmly adv.

12. declare v.宣布, 宣告, 声明, 声称, 申报(纳税品等)

The new Congress declared a state of war with Germany.

Jones was declared the winner of the fight.

He declared that he knew nothing about the robbery.

She declared that she didn’t want to see him again.

You must declare all you have earned in the last year.

I have nothing to declare.

13. envy n. 羡慕;妒嫉

The boy's new electronic toy train was the envy of his friends.

He was filled with envy of me / at my success .

be in envy of sb's success

That he did so is out of envy of my success.

envy vt. 羡慕; 忌妒

I have always envied your good luck.

I don't envy you your journey in this bad weather.

How I envy you!

14. divorce n. 离婚, 断绝关系, 分裂

She got a divorce from him last year.

After his divorce the father was given custody of the children.

divorce v. 解除…间的婚约, 和…离婚,使分离,使脱离

It is hard to divorce love and duty.

He got divorced from his wife last month.

Some of his ideas are completely divorced from reality.

二. 短语演练

1. carry out 开展, 执行

Extensive tests have been carried out on the patient.

All the proposals have now been carried out.

Do remember to carry out your promise.

2. for oneself 独自地;独立地;亲自地

I shall not believe it until I see it for myself.    

One can't do such a thing for oneself.

3. test out 考验, 测试

They are testing out the new machine.

These wet roads really test out a car’s tyres.

The model must be tested out before we put it into mass production.

4. or rather 更确切的说

He came back home very late, or rather, early this morning.

You have to be sixteen for cheap tickets, or rather, under sixteen.

I like, or rather, I think I have fallen in love with football.

5. ring up 打电话给…

Ring them up and tell them that we have already won the match.

Ring us up as soon as you arrive in Beijing.

How many people rang up while I was out?

6. turn around 转身, 转向, 回转,

All of a sudden he turned around and saw me.

She was so angry that she turned her car around and drove back home.

When the teacher turned around, the students began to whisper.

Turning around, I saw an old friend of mine, whom I haven’t seen for years.

7. fall off 掉落, (质量)下降,(数量)减少

The old man fell off the ladder and got his left leg broken.

It used to be my favorite restaurant but the standard of cooking has fallen off recently.

The professor wondered why the attendance to his lecture has fallen off so sharply.

8. manage to do sth 设法做到, 能应付

The pilot managed to circle the balloon for some time.

In spite of the insults, the young man managed not to get angry.

The peasants managed to survive after the hurricane.

The salesman managed to persuade us to buy his product.

9. leave ... alone 让…独自待着, 不打扰,不干预

I told him to leave my things alone.

Please leave my personal affairs alone, I can deal with them for myself .

Leave me alone! I’m working.

She is very upset. Leave her alone for a few minutes.

10. protect...against/from sth 保护/防止,免受……之苦

You need warm clothes to protect you against the cold.

The vaccine was used to protect the whole population against infection. The union was formed to protect the rights and interests of miners.

They tried their best to protect people against the war.

The peasants tried to protect their crops from cold.

11. fall in love with sb / sth 爱上某人/某物

They fell in love with each other three years ago, and they have been in love with each other for three years.

The handsome prince fell in love with the pretty girl at first sight and they got married yesterday.

She fell in love with the dress as soon as she saw it.

12. set off 出发,引爆, 使响, 使…开动,引起

If you want to catch that train, we'd better set off for the station immediately.

Do be careful with those fireworks, the slightest spark could set them off.

Panic on the stock market set off a wave of selling.

Don't set him off talking politics or he'll go on all evening.

They have set off on a journey round the world.

The children accidentally set off the fire alarm.

13. take...seriously 严肃对待, 认真对待

You can't take her promises seriously; She never keeps her word.

Nobody takes the message too seriously.

Take what you are doing seriously, or you will feel sorry for it.

14. make sense 讲得通,有意义,合乎情理

It makes sense to take good care of your health.

Young as he is, what he says makes much sense.

She spoke so fast that I could hardly make any sense of her words.

15. set aside 将… 放在一边, 为… 节省(钱或时间),驳回,撤消

You'd better set some money aside in case of future use.

He always set aside my feelings.

The little boy set aside a little money each week for the Project Hope.

It’s time for us to set aside our differences and work together for a common purpose.

The judge's decision was set aside by the Appeal Court.

Unit Two Module Seven Fit for life 编制审校:张克印

Ⅰ.Word checkpoints

1.历史学家n.

2.医生,内科医生n.

3.试用;试验n.

4.畅销的adj.

5.阻塞,阻挡vt.

6.长度n.

7.当代的;同时代的adj.

8.发现,注意到;记录vt.

9.应用,运用;申请n.

10.命名vt.

11.奇特的adj.;n.奇观

12.减轻,缓解n.

13.潜在的,可能的adj.

14.安排;排列n.

15.愉快,乐事n.

16.可调节的adj.

17.推荐vt.

18.功能,作用n.

19.上瘾,沉溺n.

20.插入vt.

Ⅱ.Useful phrases

1. open up 打开

2. heart attack心脏病发作

3. in large quantities 大量地

4. mass production 批量生产

5. put through 接通(电话)

6. decide on对……做出决定

7. turn up 出现,到场,到达

8. split up分裂,分离,划分开来

9. a handful of少数的,少量的

10. let out 发出

11. focus on 集中于(某事物)

12. carry out 执行;实施;完成

13. mass production 大量生产

14. see through 看透;识破

15. try out 试验

16. put off 推迟;推延

17. put up with 忍受

18. look down upon轻视;看不起

19. make out 分清;认出来

20. in addition 除……之外;另外

21. figure out计算出;解决;合计(为)

22. be fundamental to 对……是必要的;对……是根本的

23. have an influence on 对……产生影响

24. go away走;开离开;消失

25. leave behind 忘带;留下;超过

26. save one’s life 救某人的命

27. talk over (彻底而严肃地)商议,商量,讨论

28. set up设置,树立,建立,设立,创办

29. go wrong 犯错;弄错,走错了路;出了毛病,坏掉

30. take measures to do sth采取措施做某事

31. keep healthy保持健康

32. if so 如果是这样的话

33. increase to增加到……

34. come true 实现

Ⅲ.Important sentences

1.If you (打开任何一个药柜)in the world, there is a high (很可能) that you will find aspirin and penicillin.

2. (正是在1897年)a European chemist called Dr Felix Hoffmann produced ASA from some other chemicals to make a medicine for his father.

3. Not only has aspirin (挽救了很多人的生命) by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things.

4. However, it was not until World War II that two other scientists

(得以运用)new chemical techniques to purify it.

5. If penicillin had not been available, many people would have (死于) bacterial illnesses or even minor wounds.

6. The date that aspirin was invented is given by medical historians as 1897, but in fact, 3,500 years ago, some recipes (推荐饮用)a tea made from the dried leaves of a particular plant to reduce body pains.

7. However, in 1971, Smith and Willis from the UK proved that aspirin was a blood-thinning medicine, and in 1977, a study (进行) in the USA showed that the chemical ASA in aspirin could prevent a stroke, which is a type of serious illness when blood vessels in the brain ( 爆裂)suddenly or are (梗塞).

8. (十多年后)someone else turned penicillin into the drug of the 20th century.

9.It was fundamental to (拯救了成千上万人的生命)and is one of the most important medicines of contemporary society.

10. In the West, acupuncture has (变得非常受人欢迎), as has chinese traditional herbal medicine.

Ⅳ.Grammar

动词短语

动词短语是指英语中有许多动词和其他词类组合在一起,构成一个固定词组。

动词短语分为八类。

(1)动词+介词:listen to, look at, account for等。

(2)动词+副词:go on, come out, bring about等。

(3)动词+副词 + 介词:go on with, look forward to, catch up with等。

(4)动词+名词:have a look, find application, take place等。

(5)动词+名词 + 介词:pay attention to, give rise to, make use of等。

(6)及物动词 +(宾语)+ 介词 + 名词:put…into practice, bring…to a close等。

(7)及物动词 +(宾语)+ 介词 +(介词宾语):change…into, combine…with等。

(8)连系动词 + 形容词 + 介词 +(介词宾语):be equal to, be full of等

1. _______ and tell us. We are all anxious to know how the story ends up.

A. Hold on B. Carry out C. Speed up D. Go ahead

2. -The meeting has begun and _____ he will come.

-Of course, He is sure to come. He’ll speak at the meeting.

A. I believe B. I hope C. I think D. I doubt if

3. Harry, would you _____ the story at the point where John left off yesterday?

A. finish up B. do up C. pick up D. take up

4. I’m putting on weight. The doctor has warned me to_____ sugar.

A. keep up B. keep back C. keep off D. keep away

5. After staying in hospital for long, the patient was advised to go to the seaside to _____ his health.

A. take up B. pick up C. carry up D. make up

6. These teenagers don’t know much of the world yet; that’s why they are so easily _____ .

A. taken in B. taken up C. taken on D. taken off

7. The market for used computers is getting larger and larger as the years _____ .

A. get on B. run on C. push on D. go on

8. I hope scientists will_____ with a cure of SARS.

A. come about B. come up C. bring about D. get along

Ⅴ.Integrating skills

1.Passage A(Reading)

Two life-saving medicines

Aspirin Penicillin

3500 years ago Drinking a certain tea was

1 . Reducing body pains In 1928 Fleming

5 penicillin. Helping in treating wounds and illness.

2500 years ago A certain juice was drunk. Reducing fever and pain.

In 1897 Aspirin was

2 . Not until World War Ⅱ

In 1900 Tablets of aspirin were

sold in shops. One of the first

3 to be sold as a standardized tablet. Flory and Chain 6

to purify it.

It was a

7 come true. Saving many lives during the war.

In 1950 Aspirin appeared in the Guinness Book of Records. Becoming the

4

painkiller. In 1945 Fleming, Florey and Chain 8

the Nobel Prize. Becoming the

9

“wonder drug”

10 of these medicines have saved millions of people’s lives since they were invented.

2.Passage B(Project)

One of the most 1 Chinese medical treatments is Chinese acupuncture. It was 2

over 2,000 years ago and has been 3 in China for about 4,000 years. As acupuncture developed, nine different kinds of needles 4 , which were 5 6 different materials. The 7 of acupuncturists now use stainless steel needles.Acpuncture 8

putting 9 10 into the skin at certain points on the body, which have 11

from the original 365 points to about 2,000. Acupuncturists adopt 12 to looking at the colour of your skin and your tongue, 13 to your breathing and 14 your pulses.Many 15 16 can be treated by acupuncture. You can now find many acupuncturists in many different countries. 17 it is not clear how acupuncture 18

and 19 pain, yet it has become a truth that acupuncture has been very 20 , just like Chinese traditional herbal medicine.

Ⅵ.Multiple choices

1. It’s a good habit to make the difficult point which you can’t understand..

A. a note of B. notes to C. notes for D. a note for

2. It was dark; we decided to for the night at a farmhouse.

A. put away B. put down C. put up D. put on

3.Not only _____ interested in football but ____ beginning to show an interest in it .

A. the teacher himself is; all his students are B. the teacher himself is; are all his students

C. is the teacher himself; are all his students D. is the teacher himself; all his students are

4. ----How long do you think it will be ____ China sends aother manned spaceship to the moon?

----Perhaps two or three years.

A. when B. until C. that D. before

5.There ____ no need ____ him _____ come here; he can manage it.

A.is;to;to B.is;for;to C.has;for;to D.are;for;to

6.Our teacher often recommended not_____mobile phones. At school.

A.using B. to use C.use D.used

7. We can learn by ____ that oil and water do not mix.

A. experiment B. try C. trial D. test

8. He accidently ____ that he had quarreled with his wife and that he hadn’t been home for a couple of weeks.

A. let out B. took care C. made sure D. made out

9. Why! I have nothing to confess. ____ you want me to say?

A. What is it that B. What it is that C. How is it that D. How it is

10. Hearing the news that his son was found, she breathed a sigh of .

A. excitement B. relief C. joy D. belief

Unit Two Module Seven Fit for life 编制审校:张克印

Ⅰ.Word checkpoints

1. historian n. 历史学家

2. physician n. 医生,内科医生

3. trial n. 试用;试验;考验

4. best-selling adj. 畅销的

5. block vt. 阻塞,阻挡,使不通;妨碍

6. length n. 长度

7. contemporary adj. 当代的;同时代的

8. note vt. 发现,注意到;记录

9. application n. 应用,运用;申请

10. name vt. 命名,给……取名

11. wonder adj. 非凡的,奇妙的,奇特的,神奇的.

n. 奇迹,神奇;奇观;惊奇,惊讶

12. relief n.(病痛、忧虑、负担等的)减轻,缓解;轻松;救济,救助

13. potential adj. 潜在的,可能的

14. arrangement n. 安排;排列

15. pleasure n. 愉快,快乐;乐事

16. adjustable adj. 可调节的

17. recommend vt. 推荐

18. function n. 功能,作用

19. addiction n. 上瘾,沉溺,入迷

20. insert vt.插入

Ⅱ.Useful phrases

1. open up 打开

2. heart attack心脏病发作

3. in large quantities 大量地

4. mass production 批量生产

5. put through 接通(电话)

6. decide on对……做出决定

7. turn up 出现,到场,到达

8. split up分裂,分离,划分开来

9. a handful of少数的,少量的

10. let out 发出

11. focus on 集中于(某事物)

12. carry out 执行;实施;完成

13. mass production 大量生产

14. see through 看透;识破

15. try out 试验

16. put off 推迟;推延

17. put up with 忍受

18. look down upon轻视;看不起

19. make out 分清;认出来

20. in addition 除……之外;另外

21. figure out计算出;解决;合计(为)

22. be fundamental to 对……是必要的;对……是根本的

23. have an influence on 对……产生影响

24. go away走;开离开;消失

25. leave behind 忘带;留下;超过

26. save one’s life 救某人的命

27. talk over (彻底而严肃地)商议,商量,讨论

28. set up设置,树立,建立,设立,创办

29. go wrong 犯错;弄错,走错了路;出了毛病,坏掉

30. take measures to do sth采取措施做某事

31. keep healthy保持健康

32. if so 如果是这样的话

33. increase to增加到……

34. come true 实现

Ⅲ.Important sentences

1.If you open up any medicine cupboard in the world, there is a high probablity that you will find aspirin and penicillin.

只要打开世界上任何一个药柜,你很有可能就会发现阿司匹林和青霉素。

2. It was in 1897 that a European chemist called Dr Felix Hoffmann produced ASA from some other chemicals to make a medicine for his father.

正是在1897年,一位名叫Felix Hoffmann的欧洲药剂师从其他化学物质中提取ASA制成药物,为自己的父亲治病。

3. Not only has aspirin saved many people’s lives by reducing fever and helping stop pain, but there are also other things.

阿司匹林不仅因退烧止痛而挽救了很多人的生命,它还有其他用途。

4. However, it was not until World War II that two other scientists managed to use new chemical techniques to purify it.

然而,直到第二次世界大战时,另外两位科学家才得以运用新的化学技术提纯该物质。

5. If penicillin had not been available, many people would have died from bacterial illnesses or even minor wounds.

如果没有青霉素的话,许多人就会死于各种细菌性疾病,甚至会死于微小的创伤。

6. The date that aspirin was invented is given by medical historians as 1897, but in fact, 3,500 years ago, some recipes recommended drinking a tea made from the dried leaves of a particular plant to reduce body pains.

医学史学家认为阿司匹林发明时间是1897年,但事实上,早在3500年前就有一些药方建议人们饮用一种由特殊植物的干叶制成的茶来减轻身体的病痛。

7. However, in 1971, Smith and Willis from the UK proved that aspirin was a blood-thinning medicine, and in 1977, a study carried out in the USA showed that the chemical ASA in aspirin could prevent a stroke, which is a type of serious illness when blood vessels in the brain burst suddenly or are blocked.

但是,1971年,英国医生Smith 和Willis证实阿司匹林是一种能够稀释血液的药物。1977年,美国的一项研究证明,阿司匹林中的化学物质ASA能预防中风。中风是由于大脑血管爆裂或梗塞而产生的一种突发疾病。

8.It was over a decade before someone else turned penicillin into the drug of the 20th century.

十多年后由别人将青霉素制成了二十世纪的了不起的药物。

9.It was fundamental to saving many thousands of lives and is one of the most important medicines of contemporary society.

青霉素拯救了成千上万人的生命,其作用在当时非同小可,它也是现今社会最重要的药品之一。

10. In the West, acupuncture has become very popular, as has chinese traditional herbal medicine.

在西方,针灸已和中草药一样非常受人欢迎。

Ⅳ.Grammar

1-5 DDDCB 6-10 ADB

Ⅴ.Integrating skills

1.Passage A(Reading)

Two life-saving medicines

Aspirin Penicillin

3500 years ago Drinking a certain tea was recommended. Reducing body pains In 1928 Fleming discovered penicillin. Helping in treating wounds and illness.

2500 years ago A certain juice was drunk. Reducing fever and pain.

In 1897 Aspirin was invented. Not until World War Ⅱ

In 1900 Tablets of aspirin were sold in shops. One of the first medicines to be sold as a standardized tablet. Flory and Chain managed to purify it.

It was a dream come true. Saving many lives during the war.

In 1950 Aspirin appeared in the Guinness Book of Records. Becoming the

bestselling

painkiller. In 1945 Fleming, Florey and Chain shared the Nobel Prize. Becoming the powerful “wonder drug”

Both of these medicines have saved millions of people’s lives since they were invented.

2.Passage B(Project)

1. famous 2. developed 3. practised 4. appeared 5. made

6. of 7. majority 8. involves 9 . stainless 10. needles

11. ranged 12. approaches 13. listening 14. checking 15. medical

16. problems 17. Although 18. reduces 19. relieves 20. popular

Ⅵ.Multiple choices

1-5 ACDDB 6-10 ACABB

模块六 Unit 4 (Helping people around the world)

Period 2 Word power

Teaching aims:

1. To enable the students to talk about the connected organizations of the UN.

2. To enable the students to talk about acronyms.

Teaching difficulties:

1. To help students to understand the language points from page 54~55.

2. To teach students to remember the names of the well-known organizations.

Teaching procedures:

Step1 Lead –in

T: During last periods, we have learnt some basic ideas of the UN and the UN

Goodwill ambassador. And this period we will learn more about the UN.

Before starting our class, I’d like to ask you a question: When you’re ill and

go to the hospital, what is the first thing you will do?

S: To register and know which clinic room is the right one.

T: Yes, that’s it! First you have to know what the problem is, and then find the

correct ways to cure. You can not go straight forward to the hospital and find

a doctor at random and ask for treatment.

T: And that’s the same to the international aid. Today, we’ll learn the connected

organizations of the UN and try to get a further understanding of the proper

organizations to help people around the world. Now, according to what we

have learned before, and the news you’ve heard of from newspaper and the

Internet, talk with your partner: What problems harass the world?

After several minutes.

T: What problems have you found?

S: Famine, wars, flood, natural disasters, poverty and also disease.

Write these down on the blackboard.

T: Correct! And do you know the right organizations in the UN that can help

solve these problems?

S: Not exactly.

T: Well, read Part A in Word power and discuss with your partner to find the right

organizations that can solve the problems you have mentioned above.

Step2 Learning through reading

Show the chart the students have done in the previous period and ask them to add

the new information they’ve learned about.

Problem Cause Organization

peacekeeping war, fighting

Famine Shortage of food

Flooding Typhoon

Irrigation Difficult to farm

disease Lack of doctors, no money, far away from a hospital

No running water or electricity and few schools poverty

Then ask the students to remember the organizations in the chart.

Step3 Practice

T: Well, that’s it. Now tell me whether these organizations are governmental or not?

S: They’re non-governmental.

T: And how many types can these organizations be classified into?

S: Special agencies, World Bank Group and Programs and funds.

T: Correct! You have learned the types of the UN organizations and what these

organizations aim at. Now finish Parts B& C.

Step4 Acronyms

T: Do you think the full names of the organizations are too long so that it’s very

inconvenient to talk about them. Here is a good means to shorten the names.

That is, keep the first letter of each word consisting of the full name. We call the

shortened names acronyms. Here are two examples. Let’s look at Part D.

After talking about this part, say:

T: Now, it’s your turn to work out the following acronyms using the information on

page 54.

Step5 Homework

1. Review the language points in this part.

2. Finish off the exercise paper for this part.

Exercises for students:

一、默写

Chinese Acronyms Full names

非官方组织 NGO

国际劳工组织 ILO

粮农组织 FAO

联合国教科文组织 UNESCO

世界卫生组织 WHO

国际民航组织 ICAO

万国邮政联盟 UPU

世界银行集团

国际货币基金组织 IMF

联合国儿童基金会 UNCEF

联合国环境规划署 UNEP

联合国药品管制计划署 UNDCP

联合国开发计划署 UNDP

联合国妇女发展基金 UNFEM

二、非谓语动词复习训练

1. Seeing so many hands _____, the teacher didn’t know which one to choose to

answer his question. A. raising B. raised C. being raised D. raise

2. The Olympic Games, _____ in 776 BC, didn’t include women players until 1912.

A. was first played B. to be first played

C. first played D. being first played

3. The secretary worked into the night, _____ a long speech for the president.

A. prepared B. was preparing C. to prepare D. with preparing

4. I can hardly imagine Peter _____ across the Atlantic Ocean in five years.

A. sail B. to sail C. sailing D. to have sailed

5. -Come on, please give me some ideas about the project.

-Sorry, with so much work _____ my mind, I almost break down.

A. filled B. filling C. to fill D. having filled

6. The crowd cheered wildly at the sight of Liu Xiang, who was reported _____ the

world record in the 110-meter hurdle race last year.

A. to break B. to have broken C. breaking D. having broken

Recording after teaching:

Module Seven Unit One

1. review n.

a review of the year’s sporting events

The speaker presented a review of recent developments in the middle East.

This is a report about a review of progress in computer science over the last 20 years.

Nuclear weapons systems are currently under review

come up for review

The ban on whaling came up for review in 1990.

Write reviews for the monthly magazines.

v.

The old man reviewed his life.

You should review your lessons regularly.

President will review the soldiers on parade.

The Spring Festival gala is well reviewed,

2. broadcast n.

A broadcast of a baseball game

v.

The CBS broadcasts the news at 7 am.

The BBC broadcasts day and night

The match will be broadcast live on TV this afternoon.

a broadcasting station

3.uncertain adj.

I’m uncertain whether he will come.

He was uncertain what to do next.

I was uncertain about /of my success.

The old man seemed uncertain about /of his own birthday.

uncertain weather

a man with an uncertain temper

4.altogether adv.

That’s 150 dollars altogether.

He forgot it altogether.

She was not altogether pleased with her new house

5.superior adj.

The carpet is far superior to that one in quality.

In my opinion, trousers made by hand are superior to those made by machines.

His knowledge of French literature is superior to mine.

She is a girl of superior intelligence.

n.

I’ll speak to your superior about this careless work.

We will need a letter of recommendation from one of your superiors.

6. recording n.

Yesterday ,we made a recording of lessons given by three experienced teachers.

We made a recording of the songs.

record v& n

Listen to speaker carefully and record what he says.

She holds /keeps the world record for the 100 meters.

The old teacher kept a record of all his old students

break the record set up / establish a new record

equal / tie the world record

7. wind wound /wound v.

I wind this clock every day.

The nurse wound a bandage around my arm.

The river winds through the jungle.

The road winds up the mountain.

wind up

It was one of those old gramophones that you have to wind up.

Because he often drove carelessly, he wound up dead at last.

8. electric adj

an electric motor/ light/fan /iron

electrical adj.

electrical engineer

electronic adj.

an electronic calculator

9. apply v.

I will apply to the company for the job.

I come here to apply for the job.

Scientific discoveries are often applied to industrial processes.

The teacher is trying to apply the theory to his teaching.

The 20% discount only applies to club members

The school rules apply to us all.

apply oneself to sth/ doing sth=be applied to sth/ doing sth

You would pass the exam if you applied yourself to your study.

Applied to his computer games, the boy didn’t realize that he had his wallet stolen.

10.demand v

The work of a teacher demands great care and patience.

He demanded to see the manager.

He demanded a book of me.

The UN has demanded that all troops should be withdrawn.

The firms are attempting to meet/satisfy their customers’demands.

Good teachers are always in demand.

Feed the baby on demand.

He met a demanding boss, so he decided to quit the job.

11.degree n.

The students show various degrees of skill in doing the experiments.

To what degree is she interested in films?

The teacher drew an angle of ninety degrees on the blackboard.

The temperature today is two degrees higher than yesterday.

He passed the exams and has got a doctor’s degree.

12. spring v&n

A wind suddenly sprang up.

Towns have sprung up in what was a dry desert.

He sprang to his feet .

A strange idea sprang up in my mind.

Supporting groups sprang up all over the country.

hot springs

The springs in this sofa are very nice

13. personally adv.

Personally , I don’t like this painting.

The president personally answered the letter.

I admire his skill but dislike him personally.

14. delight n&v

To my great delight, my son passed the exam.

The child takes delight in playing tricks on others.

She read the book with delight.

Her dancing delighted everyone present.

They were delighted that the date of the conference had been fixed.

15. variety n

a life full of variety

We demanded more variety in our food.

He didn’t come for a variety of reasons.

There is a large variety of patterns to choose form

A variety of books is intended for the children of different ages.

16. assume v

I had assumed him to be a Japanese.

Don’t always assume the worst.

It is generally assumed that stress is caused by too much work.

Assuming that you are right about this ,what shall we do?

17. convenience n

For convenience , you can pay for everything at once.

The folding chair is a great convenience

Please come at your convenience.

18. accompany v.

Children under 14 must be accompanied by an adult.

I must ask you to accompany me to the police station.

He had a fever accompanied with headache.

1. altogether

He’s not altogether sure what to do. ______________

There were altogether 20 people at the dinner. ____________

翻译:

天在下雨,但总的来说,这是一次好的旅行.

__________________________________________________.

辨析: altogether & all together

Let’s sing Happy Birthday _______now.

I’m not ________convinced by this argument.

2.wind

n.

we couldn’t play tennis because there was too much wind. ___________

He couldn't get his wind after his run. ______________

强风 _______________

v. wind-____-_______

1.Have you wound your watch? ____________

2.The path wound down to the beach. ______________________

3.Can I wind my window down? _______________

4.I wound the wool around the back of the chair. ________________.

相关词组:

wind down ________________________

wind up _____________________________

练习:

1. They drove along with all the car windows ________.

A. wound up B. winding on C. winded up D. wind up

2.翻译: 当会议结束时,他让我留一下.(用 wind 词组)

_____________________________________________

突然一阵风吹走了我的帽子.

_____________________________________________

3.eletric adj. _____________________

electrical adj _____________________

填空:

1.The boy is playing an _____ train.

2. Now every room has an ______ light.

3. My brother studies _________ engineers.

4. The machine has an _______ fault.

4.apply vt.

You may apply in person or by letter. _________________

We can apply his findings in new developments.________________________

He has applied to join the army. _____________________

词组:

apply for sth to sb ________________

apply to sb/ sth ____________________

apply oneself to (doing) sth __________________

apply one’s mind to _________________

翻译:

1,他努力干好新工作.

______________________________________

2. 这种标准不适用与孩子.

_______________________________________

3. 他专心思考这个难题.

_________________________________________

5. demand vt. n.

翻译:

对这种书的需求增大了.

There is an _____ ________for the book.

他要求被告知有关这件事的情况.( 2种翻译)

He demanded to ___ ____ _____the matter.

He demanded that __ _____ ___ _____ ____the matter.

demand 常用结构:

meet/satisfy one’s demand ___________

in demand _______________

demand to do sth ________________

demand sb of sth ____________________

demand that sb should do sth _______________

1. I ______ you all to be seated.

A. ask B. beg C. demand D. request

2.The citizens demanded that the murderer _______________.

A. to be punished B. being punished C. be punished D. punish

6.degree

To what degree is she interested in films? ________________________________

The teacher drew an angle of ninety degrees on the blackboard. ____________________.

He passed his examinations and now he has the degree of Master. _________________

1. ________ their friendship grew into love.

A. By degree B. By degrees C. To degree D. To degrees

2. I don’t like very hot weather. Thirty degrees _______ too warm for me.

A. is B. are C. was D. were

7. personally

Personally (speaking), I don’t like this painting. _____________________

The president personally answered her letter. ________________________

I will speak to him personally about his transfer. ________________________

8. delight n.快乐,高兴; vt. 使欣喜

翻译:1 令他高兴的是, 他的小说得到了公众的认可.

______________________________________________

2. 我高兴地读了你的信.

_________________________________________________

3. 这个消息使全国一片沸腾.

_________________________________________________.

总结词组:

with delight _____________________

to one’s delight ____________________

be in high delight __________________

拓展: delighted adj. 高兴的,快乐的

常用短语: be delighted at _________________

be delighted to do ________________

It’s ______ to work with her.

A. delighted B delight C. a delight D. pleasure

9. assume

We can’t assume anything in this case. ________________

The look of innocence she assumed had us all fooled. ___________________

He assumes his new responsibilities next month .________________

翻译:

1.咱们暂时假设计划成功.

_____ ________ _______ for a moment that the plan succeeds.

2.我猜想你已听过了这个消息.

_________________________________________________

3. 他们认为战争会很快结束的假设是错误的. (用同位语从句)

__________________________________________________________

10. merely adv.仅仅,只不过

翻译:

1. 这不仅仅是一份工作,而是一种生活方式.

____________________________________________________

2. 我只不过把它当笑话说说而已.

______________________________________________________

拓展: mere adj.

It took her a mere 20 minutes to win. ______________

题目:

He is a ______ nobody, and it is _____ a matter of time for people to forget him.

A. only, mere B. mere , only C. mere, merely D. merely, mere

词型变化:

1. review---(n)________(评论家)--(ant.)_________

2. broadcast-(n)____________-(n)___________

3. consumer-(v) ____________-(n)______________

4. personally-(adj) ___________-(n)____________(个性,人格)

5. delight-(adj)_________-(adj)___________

6. assume-(n) ___________________

7. convenience-(adj)_________________

8. selection-(v)_______-(adj)_________-(n)___________

9. weigh-(n)_________-(adj)____________(有利的)--(ant.)___________(失重的)

10. suitable-(v)_________(adj.)_______________

11.advancement-(v)_____________-(adj.)__________________

12.necessarily-(adj.)____________-(n)____________1_______

13.caution-(adj.)_____________-(n)__________________

14.expose-(n)______________

15.equal-(ant.)___________-(n)____________

16.dedfinite-(n.)____________-(adv)__________________

17.honest-(adv.)____________-(n)_____________-(ant.)______________

18.worrying-(n.v.)__________-(adj.)_____________

19.pricing-(n.v.)_________-(adj)_____________(贵重的,无价的)

模块6 Unit 4 (Helping people around the world)

班级___________ 姓名__________ 学号__________成绩___________

Period 3 Grammar and usage

一、随堂练习

1.如果我在大学期间不是学习商业的话,我现在不会是经理。

If I ___________ business at university, I ____________ a manager now.

2.如果我当初走可选择的另一条路而学习医学的话,我现在将有很多专业知识了。

If I ________ an alternative path and _________ medicine, I ___________ a lot of technical knowledge now.

3.如果我对医学很了解,我就能够帮助我生病的母亲。

If I _________ a lot about medicine, I ___________ able to help my sick mother.

4.如果我能够帮助我生病的母亲,我就不会如此沮丧了。

If I _________ my sick mother, I ____________ so frustrated.

二、虚拟语气专项训练

1. If my lawyer _____ here last Saturday, he _____ me from going.

A. had been, would have prevented B. had been, would prevent

C. were, would prevent D. were, would have prevented

2. If I had worn my coat, I _____ a cold now.

A. wouldn’t catch B. wouldn’t have caught C. won’t catch D. won’t have caught

3. -If he _____, he _____ that food. -Luckily he was rushed to hospital immediately.

A. was warned, wouldn’t take B. had been warned, wouldn’t have taken

C. should be warned, wouldn’t take D. could have been warned, wouldn’t have taken

4. He _____ you more help, even though he was very busy.

A. might have given B. might give C. should give D. may give

5. What would have happened, _____ as far as the river bank?

A. if Bob walked B. had Bob walked C. were Bob to walk D. should Bob walk

6. If it ____ rain this evening, I wouldn’t go to see this American film.

A. would B. should C. might D. was to

7. -My cat’s really fat. -You _____ have given her so much food.

A. wouldn’t B. can’t C. shouldn’t D. mustn’t

8. _____ the heavy rain, we would enjoy playing football until 6 o’clock.

A. Without B. In spite of C. Regardless of D. Due to

9. I told your friend how to get to the hotel, but perhaps I _____ have driven her there.

A. can B. must C. should D. would

10. I supported him in time, otherwise he _____ off the bike.

A. might fall B. would fall C. should have fall D. would have fallen

三、词汇练习(第50~57页生词)

1. The accident r______ to at the meeting cost fifteen lives.

2. Who is the Chinese a________ to the UN at present?

3. If not o_______ on at once, the boy will die within 24 hours.

4. As we all know, primary education t_______ every child’s future.

5. The UN peacekeeping operations aim to end any c_______ in the world.

6. I feel h______ to have the opportunity to take a photo with Liu Xiang.

7. He broke into the house with the p_______ of stealing money.

8. May 1st is L_______ Day.

9. My job is not paid but v_________.

10. We need to increase the people’s a________ of the importance of environmental protection.

11. His accomplishments are w______ of the world’s admiration.

12. His attention was d_______ by the beautiful scenery out of the window.

13. Time is u______! We should hurry up!

14. A______ from flowers and applauses, he expected the world’s admiration.

15. The project runs very well under the u_______ of the government.

16. He is so young that he l_____ experience.

17. The church mouse has to struggle in p______.

18. I’m here to see you on b______ of all the staff.

19. He spent his childhood in r______ mountains, far away from city life.

20. The UN aims to ensure that human rights are a______ to every human in the world.

模块六 Unit 4 (Helping people around the world)

Period 4 Task

Teaching aims:

1. Through a series of activities, help to practise students’ skills of listening,

speaking, reading and writing.

2. In Step 1, by listening, enable students to find out about problems and causes.

3. In Step 2, by introducing different sentence structures while discussing in

groups, help students to make suggestions for the children in northern Thailand.

4. In Step3, this part is mainly about writing a proposal based on the information

on what they can do for those poor children.

Teaching difficulties:

1. To understand the problems and causes by listening

2. To make suggestions and write a proposal based on them

3. To master the language points in this part

Teaching procedures:

Skills building 1: listening for problems and causes

Step 1 Lead-in

1. Ask students to read the guideline on page 58 and then answer your question:

How should we listen for problems and the causes of the problems?

2. Tell the students that we always pay more attention to some specific information.

And then ask students to find out what should be seized while listening to a news

report. Then summarize what has been talked about.

3. Tell students to focus on the problems and causes of them.

1. Problems:

As you can see…/The result is…/As a result, …/ As I said earlier…/ … and so…

This means…/ A common problem is that…

2. Causes:

This is because…/ Unfortunately…/ …because…/ …because of …/ … as …

Step 2 Listening

1. Listen to part A, and tell the students to find out as much information as

possible to fill in the problems and the causes, but not all the information is

included in the recording.

2. Listen to the second part of the report and find out as much information as

possible in the table on page 59.

Step 3 Reading

1. Have students read Part C. Ask them to read for other information needed to

finish the two tables.

2. Talk about some language points in Part C.

Skills building 2: discussion in groups

Step 1 Lead-in

By introducing different sentence structures while discussing in groups, help

students to make suggestions for the poor children in northern Thailand.

1. Making suggestions

I think it would be a good idea to…

I would like to suggest that…

It would be a good idea if we could…

2. Asking for opinions

What do you think?

Does anyone else have any suggestions?

Can you suggest anything else?

3. Expressing agreement / disagreement

I agree / disagree because…

That’s a great idea, but…

I’m sorry but I don’t think that would work because …

Unfortunately, I don’t think that will work.

4. Making conclusions

So to summarize, our group has decided to…

In conclusion, we have decided to…

Step 2 Practice

1. Have students read the instructions and make sure they know what they are

going to do. Divide students into small groups and discuss what other ways

they think of to help these children. Ask them to use the sentence structures

in this part to give suggestions , and express agreement / disagreement.

2. While discussing, one group member should take notes, and another member

should be chosen to report what has been written to help those poor children.

Skills building 3: writing a proposal

Step1 Lead-in

Help students to read the six points in this part. They will learn what components

will be included in a proposal. Make sure what students should do when writing

a proposal.

Step2 Practice

Students will be asked to write a proposal to UNICEF about how to help the hill

tribe children in Thailand with the information they have learnt in steps 1 and 2.

1. Help students form different groups to discuss the answers based on the previous

information.

2. Have students write the proposal and ask each group to present theirs to let others

share their opinions.

Step 3 Homework

Finish the exercises related to the task in the exercise book.

Exercises for students:

一、随堂练习

Listen to Part A and choose the correct phrase for each blank.

(1) A. no running water B. no fresh water C. no underground water

(3) A. no tool B. no mechanical equipment C. no fund

(4) A. little food B. few entertainments C. few clothes or furniture

(5) A. no electricity B. no firewood C. no repairman

(6) A. few forests B. no bus C. no boiled water

Listen to Part B and choose the correct phrase for each blank.

(1) A. lack of money B. lack of builders C. lack of materials

(2) A. Boys don’t go to school. B. Girls don’t go to school.

C. many children don’t go to school.

(4) A. All farming is done by hand. B. All housework is done by hand.

C. All cooking is done by hand.

(5) A. lack of land B. lack of water C. lack of land and water

(6) A. Adults have poor strength. B. Children have poor diets.

C. Old people have poor health.

(7) A. Children don’t grow properly. B. Children die of hunger.

C. Children die of AIDS.

(9) A. Grandparents die of sadness. B. No one takes care of children.

C. Grandparents have to bring up children.

(10) A. Grandparents are old and poor. B. Children become bad.

C. Parents’ love is irreplaceable.

Read Part C and complete the table in Part A and B.

Part A (2) __________________

Part B (3) __________________ (8) _________________

Recording after teaching:

模块六 Unit 4 (Helping people around the world)

Period 5 Project

Teaching aims:

1. To help students get the detailed information about the text.

2. To make students master the language points in the text.

Teaching difficulties:

1. How to make the students understand the passage better.

2. How to help the students finish all the exercises on the paper.

3. How to help the students grasp the usage of the new words in the text.

Teaching procedures:

Step 1 Lead-in

Ask students the following questions and discuss them briefly.

1. Does anyone in the world need any help from others?

2. What will you do if you are asked to offer help ?

3. What does MSF stand for? And what’s its purpose?

4. What do you think the members of MSF are?

5. Where do you think the nurse works most of the time?

6. What do you think is the most difficult thing for her to do?

7. What are the reasons why people there live such poor and terrible lives?

Step 2 Reading-comprehension

Ask the students to read through the text within ten minutes and complete the

following table with one exact word in one blank.

Change the world-my commitment

1._______ Everything is in chaos;

The whole island is flooded;

People have 2.________ to escape the floods.

The work of MSF Sets up feeding centers;

Checks the health of babies;

Conducts a vaccination campaign;

Sets up a 3._______ medical center on the north of the town;

4.________ the dead bodies as quickly as possible.

dangers The 5.________ of diseases;

Possible 6.________ from the people who fight for food;

7._________ caused by destroyed fields and harvest.

Thinking Being 8.________ over the local people’s lives

Feeling lucky and proud to be able to help others everywhere;

9.________ all the things she has had today;

Hoping to make a difference to people’s lives 10._________.

Step3 Further reading

1. Listening for further information

2. Questions:

Para 1

1) How did she help?

Set up feeding centers to ensure that people got food and we checked the health of babies

to make sure they were putting on weight. We had a vaccination campaign to stop children

dying from measles.

2) What dangers did she face?

Fighting in villages far from the city; looking out for bullets and running from one place to

another became way of life; water borne diseases such as malaria and typhoid; mud and

water everywhere, making it difficult to travel from place to place.

Para 2

1) Where was the A temporary clinic?

In a vacant health center in the north side of the town.

2) What problems can it solve?

People who have regular medication cannot get hold of it in a disaster such as this.

Minor injuries also need to be taken care of , especially as it is so wet.

3) What are other problems they must face?

In the rest of the city, shelter and access to food and clean water are big problems. The

fields and harvest have been destroyed and so malnutrition will be a problem in the

future. People have started to worry about that they will not get enough food.

Para 3

1. How do they communicate?

By speaking English or French, or using acting skills.

2. What are horrible things for her?

It is quite horrible to imagine losing everything, including some of your family.

That was a really horrible job to bury the dead bodies as quickly as possible to stop

disease spreading.

Para 4

1. What is the main idea of this paragraph?

About the MSF nurse’s feelings of working there.

2. Does she enjoy the experience of working there? Why?

Yes. This experience makes her appreciate all the things she has and gives her the

chance to see things from another side.

Step 4. Language focus

Arrived here to find everything was in chaos.

(1)不定式 to find 作结果状语,在英语中常见。如:

He hurried home, only to find his wife dead. 他匆忙赶到家,发现他妻子已死。

I awoke to find my truck gone. 我醒来发现箱子不见了。

  He searched the room only to find nothing. 他搜索了房间,没发现什么。

(2)chaos 混乱:杂乱的一堆;乱成一团:

The desk was a chaos of papers and unopened letters.

桌上杂乱地堆放着一些纸张和未拆的信。

in chaos 杂乱、混乱、纷乱

The kitchen was in chaos.

After the war, the whole Iraq was in chaos.

2. Many of the people have fled to the mountains to escape the floods.

escape和flee两个单词均表示“逃”或“逃跑”的意思,但后者更强调在紧急情况

下仓促逃跑之意。

The enemy soldiers were fleeing in all directions, but few of them could escape.

误点剖析

误:However four men were not quick enough to escape from the flames.

分析:这是一句错句。escape在这儿是及物动词,意思是“逃脱;逃避”,后面

直接跟名词或动词v-ing形式。例如:

You were lucky enough to escape punishment. 你的运气很好,免受惩罚。

He narrowly escaped death. 他是九死一生。

There's no way to escape doing the work. 无法逃避做这项工作。 

类似用法的词还有:flee, survive, serve等。注意下列正误句子的比较:

错误句:Why does she always flee from any kind of responsibility?

正确句:Why does she always flee any kind of responsibility?

错误句:Did anyone survive from the earthquake?

正确句:Did anyone survive the earthquake? 

错误句:You should serve for your country.

正确句:You should serve your country.

3. We are very concerned about the outbreak of water – borne diseases such as …….

concern vt 涉及, 关系 n. (利害)关系, 关心, 关注, 关注, 所关心的是

This problem concerns all of us.

We concerned ourselves with accomplishing the task at hand.

be concerned about 对……关心

All of us are concerned about our environment.

as far as something is concerned 就……而言

As far as money's concerned, there shouldn't be a problem.

as far as I’m concerned 依我看

As far as I'm concerned ,she can come home whenever she likes.

4……. and make a difference to people’s lives on an individual level.

make a difference 有影响,起作用,要紧

Whatever she did, it made no difference.

One more person wouldn't make any difference to the arrangements.

It could make the difference between missing your train and getting to work on time.

Step5 Practice

Ask students to do PartsB1 and B2 on page 125 in Workbook, so they will have

more chances to practice using words and phrases learnt in the text.

Step6 Homework

Finish off the exercise paper related to this part.

Exercises for students:

一、重要词组中译英 (词组中请不要出现and)

1. MSF is an international organization __________________(提供免费医疗服务)

2. I arrived here ____________________________(发现一切混乱不堪)

3. The _______(受损严重) hospital is in a mess and ___________(彻底不能用了)

4. We ________(建立) a clinic and checked the health of babies to make sure they

____________________(正在增长体重)

5. We had a vaccination campaign ________________ measles. (防止孩子死于…)

6. __________(留心子弹) and _______________(辗转奔波) became a way of life.

7. We are very _______________________________(担心由水传播的疾病爆发)

8. _____________________(没有到处飞扬的沙土), there is water.

9. We found a ______(空闲的) health center, _____________________________

(在那里我们打算建一个临时的诊所)

10. One of the health problem is that they can’t ____________________________

(得到常规药物治疗)

11. ________(次要伤口)also need ___________(被照顾), especially as it is so wet.

12.____________(大部分的)problems are from shelter and __________________

(供给途径) food and clean water.

13.It _____________(让我想到) the time in Sudan, _________________________

(在那里好几个MSF员工被袭击)

14. I find that my job is _____________________________(不局限在作护士). It

is also ________________________________________________________

(做一个能够倾听并安慰别人的人)

15. It’s quite horrible ______________________(想象失去一切)

16. I often ______________________(回想所有的经历) that I ________________

________________________(自从加入MSF所拥有的)

17. It makes me ______________(珍惜一切) I have and gives me the chance _____

_______________________(从另一个角度看事物)

18. I’m proud that I can help here and there, ____________________(改变,影响)

people’s lives _____________________(从个人的层面)

二、词汇练习(第59~63生词)

1. Whatever difficulty he is f_______ with, he never gives up.

2. I can’t afford the e______ of buying a house. It costs too much.

3. He left his homework at home, so he had to go back and f______ it.

4. With the computer b______ down, I can’t work any more.

5. A person’s life journey is always filled with all kinds of h_______.

6. The workers went on a strike because they were f______ to work more than ten

hours a day.

7. By no m______ should one break taboos when he comes to a new country.

8. When the president was assassinated, the whole nation fell into c______.

9. Many victims of the drought have f_____ to escape the famine.

10. As the seat is v_____, you can sit down here.

11. She is not my secretary, and she is just helping me t_________.

12. If not h_____ in time, the cut will cost your life.

13. He will go to Beijing for university study. M_______, he will be a volunteer

for Beijing Olympics.

14. It reminds me of one of my former c_______, who worked with me in the IBM

company.

15. I used my good acting skills to overcome the language b_____ when I first came

to France.

16. As we all now, when someone is sad, the c_______ from family and friends is

very important.

Recording after teaching:

Module 3 Unit 3

一、 Spelling.

1.Both Pompeii and Loulan became lost c______________(文明) about 2,000 years ago.

2.This morning we went to a l____________ about Pompeii.

3.Near the city was a volcano called Vesuvius. On 24th August AD 79, the volcano e_________ and lava, ash and rocks poured out of it onto the surrounding countryside.

4.It continued to erupt for the next three days. U_______________, all the people were buried alive, anad so was the city.

5.So in 1860, the Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli was made d___________ ( 负责人)of the Pompeii dig.

6.Tomorrow we aer off to Naples to visit the museum that h__________ many of the treasures from Pompeii.

7.It’s hard dto imagine how this quiet vocano d_____________ the whole city!

8.This small, wealthy _______________ (商业的)city existed almost 2,000 years ago.

9.An archaeologist from the local ______________ (文化的) institute, Professor Zhang told us this.

10.Sven found the r____________ of buildings buried under the sand, together with a lot of treasures, such as coins, painted pots, silk m______________, d_____________ and wall paintings.

11.The desert was once a green land with e___________ trees, but even that didn’t prevent the city from being _________ by sand--- what a pity!

12.A saying goes t________ rome wasn’t built in a day.

13.During these years I have had the chance to explore many different places in China and t______________ the world.

14.We went through a 10-metre-long p____________ and we found ourselves in a large burial chamber.

15.We saw pieces of material, bones, w_________ cups and leather bags.

16.Most of them were in good c____________.

17.Jack is a concerned c__________(市民).

18.Pear Harbor is onne of the m___________ military bases of the United States.

19.The next day, US President Franklin Roosevelt d______________ war against Japan.

20.A national m___________ was built in Pear Harbor just above the remains of the sunk battleship Arizone.

21.In 753 BC, the city of Rome was founded, and in 509 BC, it became a r____________.

22.During the same period, there was much c___________ and fighting between the groups of people who ruled the different parts of China.

23.There is another _____________ (相似点) between China and rome.

24.It was a different story for China with the _____________ (形成) of the Sui Dynasty in AD 581, which once again r___________ China in AD 589.

25.Fifteen years later the Qin Dynasty was ______________ (推翻).

二.Fill in the blanks.

take over take back take away take off take out take down

take up take charge of take control of take action take in

1) He opened the drawer and ______________ a notebook.

2) He expects to ______________ the business when his father retires.

3) Can you _________________what I am saying?

4) Mr. Li __________________gardening after he retired.

5) _________________ the notes while listening to the teacher.

6) Who has___________________ my book?

7) Who will ____________________ the class when the head-teacher is away?

8) The Chinese government _____________________to protect the cultural heritage.

三、Complete the following sentences.

1.The book had a great effect on his life. The book i_____________ his life greatly.

2.They didn’t tell me the location. They didn’t show me tge map, either.

They ___________ told me the location ________ showed me the map.

3.Some people tried to escape, some people stayed in their houses.

People ___________ tried to escape _______ stayed in their houses.

4.It worries the tourists. It keeps raining.

______ ______ ________ _________ ________ the tourists.

5.They also ________ ________ (进行)other experiments.

6.When autumn comes, leaves (变成) ________ ________ orange, red and gold.

7.我们对他的健康表示关心。We _________ ________ ________ his health.

8.________ _______ _______ _______ ________ ________ _______ _____ ,(在好心的老人的带路下,用with复合结构做), we arrived at the remote village before lunchtime.

9.We gave Peter a nice present ______ ______ ______ (作为对。。。。。回报)his cooperation.

10.It’s ______ _____ _____ (很难想象)what our lives would be like if we did not have electricity and clean water.

11.(众所周知)_______ ______ _______ ______ ______, China is a country with a long history.

12.Are there any ______________ (相似之处) between Goethe and Byron.

13.He is not always on the ball in class because he is not interested in his lessons.(写出画线部分的汉语意思)

14.I f______ ______ ______ (感到荣幸)won the holiday and have made so many friends.

15.I was too tired to eat anything we were given. (改成复合句)

I was _______ _________ ________ I _______ ________ anything we were given.

16. _______ the husband ______ the wife tells stories for children every night.(填上适当的连词)

四.Translation.

1他们要求他对此事保密。(require)

__________________________________________________________.

2谁也阻止不了运动会的举行。(prevent)

_____________________________________________________________.

3据说这本书很值得一读。(It is said that)

__________________________________________________________.

4我看见一位老人很吃力地在街上走着,手里还拿着一根拐杖。(make one’s way)

____________________________________________________________________

5我的电脑上周末被一种未知病毒攻击,因而电脑已坏了一周了。(virus病毒)

______________________________________________________________________

五、单项选择

1. Don’t let me catch you ______.

A. do that again B. to do that again C. doing that again D. done that again

2. We must have an engineer ______ the workers build the house.

A. to see B. see C. seeing D. seen

3. I don’t allow ______ in my office and I don’t allow my family ______ at all.

A. to smoke…smoking B. smoking…to smoke

C. to smoke…to smoke D. smoking…smoking

4. George went hunting for a week but still he didn’t find a room ______.

A. to live B. to live in C. for living D. to be living in

5. The law requires all cars _______ for safety and efficiency.

A. being tested regularly B. to be regularly tested

C. be regularly tested D. regularly tested

6. He was just about to jump up when he felt something ______ near his feet.

A. to move B. move C. moving D. moved

7. I would like ______ that I don’t have a very high opinion of you.

A. to have you know B. have you know C. to have your known D. having you know

8. When he awoke, he found himself ______ in the hospital and ______ by an old woman.

A. lying…being looked after B. lying…be looking after

C. lie…be looked after D. lie…being looked after

9. The manager promised to keep me ______ of how our business was going on.

A. to be informed B. informed C. on informing D. informing

10. If you don’t know the meaning of the word, you can ___ in a dictionary.

A. look it up B. look up it C. refer to it D. consult in

11. Neither you nor I, nor anybody else ___ content to live in such a lonely village.

A. is B. am C. are D. were

12. The mayor of Beijing says that all construction work for Beijing Olympics ___ by 2006.

A. has been completed B. has completed

C. will have been completed D. will have completed

13.Two bags which ______ to Hong Kong were at this moment being loaded aboard a flight to Guangzhou.

A. should have gone B. should be going C. must have gone D. must be going

14. Sometimes we are asked ___ we think the likely result of the program will be.

A. how B. whether C. that D. what

15. It was said that not until the old man had passed away ___ to his relatives.

A. she let out the secret B. was the secret let out

C. out she let the secret D. out let the secret

16. Mary, it’s already 7 o’clock. I’m afraid there is not much time _____ for you to _____ for the ball.

A. leaving; get dressing B. remaining; get to dress

C. remained; get dressed D. left; get dressed

17. ---Is Mr. Stephen in, please? He___ me. --- Yes, sir. In the meeting room.

A. is expecting B. has expected C. expected D. was expecting

18. Free medical treatment in this country covers sickness of mind as well as ___ sickness.

A. normal B. average C. regular D. ordinary

19. His cousin, who was made ___ of the department, was only 28 that year.

A. director B. directer C. a director D. our director

20. They will give us the money ___ we pay it back within half a year.

A. on no condition B. on condition C. under the condition D. on condition that

21. Not only ___ interested in football but ___ beginning to show an interest in it.

A. is the teacher himself, are all his students B. the teacher himself is, are all his students

C. is the teacher himself, all his students are D. the teacher himself is, all his students are

22. these two countries have a ___. They both have a high snowfall during winter.

A. situation B. response C. similarity D. condition

23. It is important that we ___ with all that ___ in the struggle.

A. should unite, be united B. would like, can be united

C. should unite, could unite D. unite, can be untied

24. As we joined the crowd I got ___ from my friends.

A. lost B. separated C. spared D. missed

25. John knocked at the door for nearly five minutes___ his wife opened it.

A. when B. before C. until D. while

26. They got the work ______ before the rainy season set in.

A. to do B. done C. doing D. did

27. Please remind me ______ some eggs for the coming party.

A. buy B. to buy C. of buying D. for buying

28. Although John was the oldest in the family, he always let his sister _______ charge of the house.

A. to take B. taking C. take D. taken

29. There was nothing to ___ us doing so.

A. keep B. make C. let D. prevent

30. ---Did you listen to Mr. Jackson’s lecture? ---Yes, I have never heard such a ___one.

A. more exciting B. more excited C. most excited D. most exciting

31.I told the police who came to look into the accident what ___ the poor girl.

A. was happened on B. was happening on C. happened on D. had happened to

32.It must have rained last night, _______ the ground is wet here and there.

A because B as C for D since

33.____ to take the English evening course. Please fill in this form.

A These who want B Anyone wants C Those that want D People want

34.How pleasant the picture is _________!

A to look at B looking at C look D to be looked at

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

参考答案:

一、 1.civilizations 2.lecture 3.erupted 4.unfortunately 5.director 6.houses 7.destroyed 8.commercial 9.cultural 10.remains, materials, documents 11.buried 12.that 13.throughout 14.passage 15.wooden 16.condition 17.citizen 18.major 19.declared 20.memorial 21.republic 22.confusions 23.similarity 24.formation, reunited 25.overthrown

二、take out, take over, take in, took up, Take down, taken away, take charge of, has taken action,

三、1. influenced 2.neither,nor 3.either,or 4.That it keeps raining worries 5.Carried out 6.turn to 7.are concerned about 8.With the kind old man showing the way 9.in return for 10.hard to imagine 11.As is known to all 12.Similarities 13.精神不集中 14.feel lucky to 15. I was so tired that I couldn’t eat anything we were given. 20. Either, or

四、1.They required him to keep it a secret.

2.Nobody could prevent the sports meeting from being held.

3.It is said that the book is well worth reading.

4.I saw an old man making his way in the street, with a walking stick in his hand.

5.My computer was attacked by an unknown virus last Sunday. So it is has been broken for a whole week now.

五、1-5 CBBBB 6-10 CAABA 11-15 ACADB 16-20 DADAD 21-25 CCDBB 26-30 BBCDA 31-34 DCBA

时间 2005年 12月14日

课题 Unit 9 Saving the Earth 授课年级 高二

教学背景分析 内容分析:

本课是高二(上)第九单元第一课时,由warming up 和listening 两部分组成。Warming up 是通过图片和学生身边的一些事例,让学生知道我们地球所面临的一些环境问题。Listening 包含了两部分内容,第一部分是在世界地球日这天的一篇演讲,主题是关于保护地球和环境。通过听这个演讲培养学生在听的过程中提取听力材料中主要信息的能力。第二部分是让学生通过听的练习,模仿听力材料自己再写出一篇演讲稿并在全班进行交流。

“教”与“学”是教学过程中不可分割的两个环节。只有在了解学生的心理特点和实际能力水平,仔细研究和分析教材之后才能因材施教,才能把“教” 与“学”有机的结合在一起,达到良好的教学效果。根据高中二年级学生的实际情况以及对本教材的分析,本课时部分教学内容整合如下:

1)根据本教材的特点,每个单元的第一课时的重点是训练学生的听说能力,而在操练这两个技能的同时又要求学生在课堂上完成一篇短文的写作,对于一节只有40分钟的课来说显然会顾此失彼,所以将listening中的第二部分移至了本单元的第二课时,本节课只处理本单元的warming up及listening 的第一部分。

2)为了让学生更好的了解和保护我们的地球,达到对学生进行德育教育的目的,在本节课的结尾部分设计了一个学生活动的环节。学生将以小组为单位根据不同的话题设计海报,并派代表向全班同学介绍本组的话题内容和海报的设计思路。

对象分析:

高二的学生正处于一个渴望走向成熟的年龄,活泼好奇的特点对于他们在学习英语方面有很大的帮助作用。通过初高中地理、生物课的学习,他们对于地球和我们周围的生存环境已经有了相当的了解,因此他们对于本单元话题的内容比较熟悉,加上他们之前所具备的语言知识和技能,使他们能够较灵活的进行一般的日常交际。但要学生用正式的语言来介绍一个海报的设计思路也是有一定的困难的。

教学方式与教学手段

1)采用多媒体的教学手段,把课前准备好的图片、音频、视频资料制成powerpoint演示文稿,力求使教学生动活泼,做到既能激发学生的兴趣又能提高教学效果。

2)通过任务型的教学途径和情境教学、小组讨论等教学方法实施课堂活动,调动学生学习的积极性,让学生获得更多的知识,同时能更快更容易的掌握本节课所要训练的技能。

本课

教学

目标

设计 知识与

技能 通过本节课的学习,学生将:

1)知道有关地球和环境问题的词汇和表达法。

2)理解听力材料的内容。

过程与

方法 1)帮助学生提高在听的过程中记录重要信息的能力。

2)帮助学生利用在课堂中学过的词汇和知识来表达自己

的观点。

3)帮助学生从网上寻找学习过程中所需要的资料。

思想与

情感 通过本节课的学习

1)学生能够对地球和环境的现状有所了解。

2)学生将会对环境保护的问题更加关注。

教学流程:

教学

环节 教师活动 学生活动 媒体

使用

Warming up

Listening

Review the previous unit by asking the following questions.

a) What is the topic of Unit 8?

b) What is first aid?

c) When shall we give first aid? Students answer the questions together.

课件

助教

Ask the students that if a person gets hurt, we can use first aid the help him or her; but if our earth get hurt, what we shall do. Students think about the question and give the answer “Saving the Earth” 课件

创设

情境

Show students some pictures about the pollution of Songhuajiang happened several weeks ago and let students talk about the event in pairs. Students work in pairs and talk about the event.

课件

创设

情境

Let student watch a video and

find out what other problem are

mentioned besides water

pollution in the video. Watch the video and find out the problems that are mentioned in the video.

视频助教

Encourage students to think of other problems facing our earth.

According to the pictures on the screen students talk about the other problems facing our earth. 课件及板书助学

Help students draw conclusion

Students get the conclusion that we should do our best to find the solution to the present situation of our earth.

课件创设情境

Pre-listening

Introduce Earth Day and Environment Day to the students. Get to know the date of Earth Day and Environment Day. 板书助教

While –listening

1) multiple choices

2) true or false

3) filling in blanks

Do the exercises according the information on the tape. 课件助教

录音机助学

Post –listening

Task---

1) Students work in groups to design posters, which should relate to one of the problems facing our planet.

2) Each group is supposed to have a reporter to show the poster made by his/her group members and give a brief report on the topic they have chosen.

3) Summary:

Teacher summarizes students’ activity. 1) Each group is supposed to choose a topic and prepare the basic materials for the poster before class.

2) Students make the posters in class.

3) Each group choose a representative to give the whole class a report.

网络

资源

9B Unit 2 Robots(1)

第二单元 机器人

重点难点

1. I’m writing a complaint letter. 我在写一封抱怨信。

★complaint用作不可数名词,意思是“抱怨”“不满”“牢骚”“投诉”。如:

 ① You have no cause for complaint. 你没有理由来埋怨。

② I’m going to write a letter of complaint. 我打算写封投诉信。

③ There’s no real reason for complaint. 没有真正抱怨的理由。

④ If your neighbors are too noisy, you’ll have cause for complaint.

如果你的邻居很吵闹,你就有控告他们的理由。

★complaint用作可数名词,表示“感到不满的事”“抱怨的行动或话语”“投诉”。如:

 ① My sister wrote me to make so many complaints.

我姐姐写信给我,发了那么多的牢骚。

② Some children are full of complaints about their food.

一些孩子对他们的食物充满了怨言。

③ I have a number of complaints about the hotel room you’ve given me.

我对你们提供给我的旅馆房间有许多不满的意见。

④ The police received several complaints about the noise from our party.

警方收到几个不满投诉,说我们的聚会太吵了。

★complain用作动词,意思是“抱怨”“发牢骚”“投诉”,后接抱怨的具体内容时常用介词about或of,在表示“向……抱怨”时,常用介词to,也可接从句。如:

 ① She is always complaining. 她老是发牢骚。

② He complained to me about the food. 他向我抱怨食物。(抱怨食物不好)

③ I’ve got nothing to complain of really. 真的我没有什么可以抱怨的。

④ He complained that he couldn’t find a job anywhere. 他抱怨说自己到处都找不到工作。

2. What have I done wrong? 我做错了什么?

do wrong意为“做错事”,其中的wrong用作名词,意为“坏事”“不法行为”“错误”等,do sb. wrong或do wrong to sb. 意为“冤枉某人”。如:

 ① She did no wrong. 她不会干坏事。

② They have done us a great wrong. 他们对待我们十分不公正。

③ A terrible wrong has been done. Those men should never gone to prison.

这事已经造成大冤案,那些人决不应该进监狱。

④ You shouldn’t do wrong to me. 你不应该冤枉我。

3. Mr Jing is the first person is Sunshine Town to own a robot.

江先生是阳光镇第一个拥有机器的人。

★own用作动词,意思是“拥有”“有”,指具有法律上的所有权,其主语往往是人。如:

 ① This house is mine. I own it. 这房子是我的,归我所有。

② She owns a car, but she rarely drives it. 她有一辆小汽车,但她很少开。

③ Who owns this land? 这块土地归谁所有?

④ His family owned neither land nor house. 他家既无田地又无房子。

★own用作动词,还可表示“承认”“承认(某事属实或是自己所为)”。如:

 ① They own that the claim is justified. 他们承认那要求是正当的。

② I own I was wrong. 我承认我错了。

③ It was my fault. I’ll own it. 这是我的过错。我会承认的。

★own用作形容词,意思是“自己的”。如:

 ① I saw it with my own eyes. 那是我亲眼看到的。

② I wish I had my own room. 但愿我有自己的房间。

③ He did it in his own way. 他以自己的方式做这件事。

★own用作名词,意为“自己的东西”。如:

 ① May I keep it for my own? 我可以把它当作自己的吗?

② The workers took him as one of their own. 工人把他当作自己人。

③ This house is my own. 这房子是我自己的。

★on one’s own是一个习惯短语,意为“独自地”“独立地”。如:

 ① She still lives on her own. 她仍然独自一人生活。

② I’ll do the work on my own. 我将独立地工作。

4. ‘In order to have more free time, I have to buy a robot,’ Mr Jing thought.

汪先生想“为了有更多的空间,我得买一个机器人。”

★in order to意为“为了”“以便”,后接动词原形,其否定形式为in order not to。如:

 ① Yao Ming went to America in order to get further practice on basketball.

为了得到篮球方面的进一步训练,姚明去了美国。

② They did anything in order to make money. 为了赚钱他们什么事都做。

③ I walked quietly in order not to wake the children. 为了不吵醒孩子,我走得很轻。

④ In order to catch up with the others, the girl works even harder.

为了赶上其他同学,那女孩学习更加用功了。

★so as to也表示“为了”“以便”之意,相当于in order to,其后跟的是动词原形,否定形式为so as not to,有时so和as to可以分开。如:

 ① The twin brothers took a taxi so as to be in time for the interview.

为了及时赶上面试,那对双胞胎兄弟乘坐了出租汽车。

② Please take enough money with you so as to buy anything you want.

带上足够的钱以便能买你想要的所有东西。

③ The man searched the room again so as not to leave anything important.

为了防止留下任何重要的东西,那人又搜了一遍房间。

④ The woman went to the bank early so as to be the first one.

=The woman went to the bank so early as to the first one.

为了赶第一个,那妇女早早就去了银行。

【注】in order to与so as to两者意义基本相同,只是在位置上有所区别,前者不仅可以用于句子中间,也可以用于句子开头,而后者只能用于句子中间。如:

 ① The child didn’t have his lunch so as to/in order to buy his mother a birthday present.

(此句中两者可以互换)

为了给妈妈买生日礼物那孩子没有吃午饭。

② In order to buy his mother a birthday present, the child didn’t have his lunch.

(此句中只能用in order to)

  为了给妈妈买生日礼物那孩子没有吃午饭。

★in order that意为“以便”“为了”,引导目的状语从句。如:

 ① Bring the picture nearer in order that I can see it clearly.

把照片拿近些以便我能看清楚点。

② I turned on the TV quickly in order that I could see the result of the basketball match.

为了能看到篮球比赛的结果我迅速打开了电视机。

③ Students are carefully preparing for the coming test in order that they can get a good result.

为了能在即将举行的考试中取得好成绩,学生们正认真做准备。

★so that意为“以便”“为了”,也引导目的状语从句,常与may, can, will等连用。如:

 ① I will give up my claim so that you may have the property.

为了你能获得那价财产我将放弃我的要求。

② Tom got up early so that he could get to school on time.

为了能够准时到校,汤姆起了个大早。

★so…that…引导结果状语从句,意为“太……以至于”,so后接形容词或副词,有时可与too…to或enough to互换。如:

 ① The shoes are so small that I can’t wear them. 这双鞋子小得我都穿不上。

② He was so excited that he could not speak. (=He was too excited to speak.)

他兴奋得连话都说不出来了。

③ He was so foolish that he accepted her invitation. (=He was foolish enough to accept her invitation.)

他接受她的邀请真是太傻了。

④ The mark was so small that I could hardly see it. 那个标记非常小,我几乎看不见它。

⑤ She was so tired that she didn’t want to eat anything. 她太累了以至于什么也不想吃。

★such…that…意为“如此……以至于……”,such后接“形容词+名词”。如:

 ① It is such bad weather that we can’t go out to play football. (不能说so bad weather)

这样糟糕的天气使我们无法出去踢足球。

② They are such useful books that I want to buy all of them. (不能说so useful books)

它们是非常有用的书,我想把它们都买下来。

【注】“such+a/an+形容词+名词”也可用“so+形容词+a/an+名词”来代替。如:

 ① It was such a cold day that there was nobody on the street.

=It was so cold a day that there was nobody on the street.

天气非常冷,以至于街上没有人。

② It was such an important meeting that everybody was required to attend it.

=It was so important a meeting that everybody was required to attend it.

会议非常重要,因此要求每个人都要参加。

③ It is such an interesting book that every student likes reading it.

=It is so interesting a book that every student likes reading it.

这本书这么有趣,以至于每个学生都喜欢看。

【注】“such+形容词+复数名词/不可数名词+that”不能用so结构来代替,但当复数名词或不可数名词前有many, few, much, little(少)修饰时,应用o。如:

 ① There were so many types that he didn’t know which to choose.

型号太多了,他不知道选哪一种。

② There was so little water that only small children were given some.

水不多了,只给小孩子分了一些。

5. The robot also ironed Mr. Jing’s shirts and made a lunchbox for him every day.

机器人每天也为江先生熨烫衣服和做午餐。

★iron用作动词,意思是“(用熨斗)熨烫(衣服等)”。如:

 ① This material irons well/easily. 这种材料很好/容易熨。

② I prefer to iron my shirts while they are damp. 我喜欢在衬衫潮湿的时候熨烫它们。

★iron用作名词,意思是“铁”。如:

 ① It is as hard as iron. 它和铁一样坚硬。

② The gate is made of iron. 这扇大门是用铁做成的。

③ She has a will of iron. 她有钢铁般的意志。

6. As a result, Mr. Jing no longer needed to get up early to do housework and he could stay in bed for an extra hour.

因此,江先生就不再需要很早起来做家务了而且他能在床上多呆一个小时。

★as a result是一个习惯短语,意为“因此”“结果”。如:

 ① As a result, the discussion was put off until the following week.

结果讨论被推迟到了下星期。

② He fell off the bike and hurt his leg yesterday. As a result he had to be away from school for two or three months.

昨天他从自行车上掉了下来,摔伤了腿。因此他不得不休学两三个月。

③ As a result he was sent away from school. 结果他被赶出了学校。

④ He didn’t practice, and as a result he lost. 他没有练习,所以输了。

⑤ The traffic was very heavy and as a result we didn’t arrive on time.

交通十分拥挤,因此我们没能准时到达。

★as a result of意为“因为”“由于”“……的结果”,用来作状语。如:

 ① He is unable to go to work as a result of the fall off the horse.

由于他从马上摔了下来,他不能去上班了。

② He was late as a result of the heavy snow. 他迟到是由于大雪所导致的。

③ As a result of warning, nobody was hurt. 由于得到了警告,因此没有人受伤。

★result用作名词,意为“结果”“效果”“后果”“比赛的结果”“(考试)成绩”等。如:

 ① The result of the examination was quite unexpected. 考试的结果令人完全难以想像。

② I was late, with the result that I missed my train. 我迟到了,结果没能赶上火车。

③ All our hard work produced little or no result. 我们的艰苦劳动没有多少结果。

④ We worked hard all day, but without any result. 我们整天努力工作,但没有多少效果。

⑤ The result of the match was a draw. 这场比赛的结果是平局。(不分胜负)

⑥ I heard the football results on the radio. 我在广播中听到了足球比赛的结果。

★result用作动词,意为“发生”“产生”,与介词in连用,意为“导致”“引起(某种结果)”“使……获得某种结果”。如:

 ① Our efforts resulted in success. 我们的努力终于成功了。

② The talk resulted in getting on well with each other. 那次谈话使得双方和好了。

③ The accident resulted in three deaths. 那次事故导致了三人死亡。

④ His careless speech resulted in much argument. 他发言过于草率,因而引起许多争议。

★result用作动词,与from连用,意为“由……造成”“因……产生”,from后是产生的原因。如:

 ① Sickness often results from eating too much. 疾病是由于吃得过多所引起的。

② The accident resulted from your carelessness. 这次事故是由于你的粗心所引起的。

③ His failure resulted from not working hard enough.

他的失败是由于他工作不够努力所导致的。

④ His injuries resulted from a fall. 他的伤是因摔倒所致。

7. no longer, not…any longer与no more, not…any more

★no longer相当于not…any longer,意为“不再”,通常用来指某一动作的不再延续或发生。如:

 ① We can no longer stay here. =We can’t stay here any longer.

我们不能再呆在这里了。

② John was no longer a thief. =John was not a thief any longer.

约翰不再是一个小偷了。

③ She could no longer go to school. =She couldn’t go to school any longer.

她不能再去上学了。

④ He was no longer working there. =He was not working there any longer.

他不再在那里工作了。

⑤ Tom no longer bought picture-books. =Tom didn’t buy picture-books any longer.

汤姆不再买图画书了。

【注】no longer或not置于句首时,句子须部分倒装。如:

 ① No longer did he come here after we quarreled.

=Not did he come here any longer after we quarreled.

我们吵架之后他再也没来过这儿。

★no more相当于not…any more,意为“不再”,大多用来修饰终止性动词。如:

 ① He drank no more after that accident. =He didn’t drink any more after that accident.

那次事故之后他不再喝酒了。

② Time lost will return no more.=Time lost will not return any more.

失去了的时间不会再回来。

③ He phones me no more.=He doesn’t phone me any more.

他不再给我打电话了。

④ I have seen him no more since he left here.

=I haven’t seen him any more since he left here.

自从他离开这儿,我再也没见过他。

★no more后跟倒装句,意为“也不”。no more还可作表语,表示人或物“不存在了”,语气比dead要委婉。如:

 ① He can’t afford a new car, and no more can I. 他买不起一辆新汽车,我也买不起。

② He is very ill. I am afraid that he will soon be no more.

他病得很重,恐怕将不久于人世了。

③ The ancient city of Trojan is no more.

古代的特洛伊城现在已不复存在。

8. extra一词的用法

★extra用作形容词,意思是“额外的”“外加的”“附加的”。如:

 ① They can get extra pay for extra work. 他们额外的工作能够得到额外的报酬。

② The bus company provided extra buses because there were so many people.

因为人太多,公交公司加开了公交车。

③ The football match went into extra time. 足球赛进入了加时赛。

④ They said they were going to give us one extra song.

他们说他们将给我们再唱一支歌。

⑤ I don’t suppose they wanted any extra help.

我认为他们不需要额外的帮助。

★extra也可以作名词,意思是“额外的事物”“额外收费的事物”。如:

 ① Her bill for extra was $ 30. 她的额外费用是30美元。

② The dinner cost £80 without any extras. 这顿饭花了80英镑,不需要任何额外费用。

③ Her school fees are $ 440 a term, music and dancing are extras.

她的学费是每学期440美元,音乐课和舞蹈课额外收费。

9. While Mr. Jiang was at work, the robot would clean his flat.

当江先生上班时机器人就会打扫房间。

★while用作连词,意为“当……的时候”,常用来表示一段较长时间或一个过程,不能用来表示某一个时间点,强调主句动作与从句动作同时发生。如:

 ① While the discussion was still going on, George came in.

当讨论还在进行时,乔治走了进来。

② He had an accident while he came here. 他来这儿的时候,在路上出了事。

③ She always phones while we are having lunch. 她总是在我们吃饭时打电话来。

④ He called while I was out. 我不在家的时候,他来访了。

【注】当while从句中的主语和主句中的主语相同,并含有be动词时,while从句中的主语和be动词可以一起省略。如:

 ① While (he was) listening to the radio, he fell asleep. 他在听收音机时睡着了。

② While (he was) going to school, he met a friend. 上学时,他遇到了一位朋友。

★while用作并列连词,意为“而”“然而”,连接一个并列句,表示前后意义上的对比或转折。如:

 ① Nodding the head means agreement, while shaking it means disagreement.

点头表示同意,而摇头表示不同意。

② I earn only 50 dollars a week, while she earns 80 dollars.

我一个星期只赚50美元,而她却赚80美元。

③ Some people are very rich while others are very poor.

有的人很富,而有的人却很穷。

④ I’m interested in sports while my sister is fond of music.

我对体育感兴趣,而我妹妹爱好音乐。

⑤ There’re plenty of rain in the southeast, while there’s little in the northeast.

东南部雨量充足,而西北部则很少下雨。

【注】while在这种用法中,两个句子的主语通常不是同一个主语,如是同一个主语时,用but表示转折。如:

 ① I like sports but I don’t like music. 我喜欢体育但我不喜欢音乐。

★while用作连词,还可表示“虽然”“尽管”,相当于although,表示让步。如:

 ① While I understand what you say, I can’t agree with you.

尽管我明白你的话,我却不能同意你的观点。

② While I admit his good points, I can see his shortcomings.

尽管我承认他的优点,但我还是能看到他的缺点。

★while用作连词,意为“只要”,相当于as long as,表示条件。如:

 ① While there is water, there is life. 只要有水,就有生命。

② While there is life, there is hope. 留得青山在,不怕没柴烧。

③ We can surely overcome these difficulties while we are closely united.

只要我们紧密地团结一致,一定能克服这些困难。

【注】while, when以及as的区别

★当从句中的谓语动词表示持续性动作时,我们可以用while, when或as。如:

 ① While/When/As I was walking down the street, I noticed a police car in front of the bank.

我顺着马路往前走时,发现银行前面停着一辆警车。

② While/When/As we dancing, a stranger came in.

当我们跳舞时,一位陌生人走了进来。

③ Mother was worried because little Alice was ill, especially while/when/as father was away in France.

母亲担心的是因为小艾丽丝病了,特别是当父亲远在法国的时候。

④ While/When/As he was at college, he studied hard. 他在大学时,学习很努力。

★当从句中的谓语动词表示瞬间动作时,用when,不可用while或as。如:

 ① Why do you want a new job when you’ve got such a good one already?

你已经找到了如此好的工作,为何还想再找新的?(get为瞬间动词)

② Sorry, I was out when you called me.

对不起,你打电话时我刚好不在家。(call为瞬间动词)

③ When I stopped my car, a man came up to me.

当我才刚停下车,就有个人向我走来。(stop为瞬间动词)

★当要表示“就在那时”“就在这时”,即at that/this moment或and then的意思时,要用when,不能用while或as。且引起的句子一般放在句尾。如:

 ① He was about to leave when the telephone rang. 他正要离开,忽然电话铃响了。

② We were watching TV when suddenly the lights went out. 我们正在看电视,突然灯灭了。

③ They had just arrived home when it began to rain. 他们刚到家,天就开始下雨了。

④ He was on the point of leaving when someone knocked at the door.

他正要走,这时有人敲门。

★while和as从句中的动作必须是和主句中的动作同时发生。而when从句中的动作可以在主句中的动作之前、之后或同时发生。如:

 ① When you have finished your work, you may have a rest.

你做完了作业可以休息。(finished的动作先发生)

② When I got to the airport, the guests had left.

当我赶到飞机场时,客人们已经离开了。(got to的动作后发生)

★当主句、从句动作同时进行,从句动作的时间概念淡化,而主要表示主句动作发生的背景或条件时,只能用as。这时,as常表示“随着……”“一边……,一边……”之意。如:

 ① As years go by, China is getting stronger and richer.

随着时间一年一年过去,中国变得越来越富强了。

② The little girls sang as they went. 小姑娘们一边走一边唱。

③ As the day went on, the weather got worse. 日子一天天过去,天气越变越坏。

★当从句中的时间表示将来时,常用when引导,且从句须用一般现在时代替一般将来时,一般过去时代替将来时。如:

 ① When the manager comes here for a visit next week, I’ll talk with him about this.

下周,经理来这儿参观时,我会和他谈谈此事。

② You shall borrow the book when I have finished reading it.

在我读完这本书后,你可以借阅。

10. After dinner, the robot would wash the dishes and Mr Jiang could relax and watch his favourite TV programmes.

饭后,机器人会洗碗筷,而江先生可以放松一下,看他最喜爱的电视节目。

★relax用作动词,意思是“放松”“(使)放松”。如:

 ① Forget your worries and relax. 忘记你的烦恼,放松自己。

② Let’s stop working and relax for half an hour. 让我们停止工作,放松半小时。

③ Relax and enjoy yourself. 放松些,痛痛快快地玩。

④ He needed a good book to relax himself. 他需要一本书来调节自己。

★relaxed是relax的形容词形式,意思是“轻松的”“放松的”。如:

 ① He is feeling relaxed now. 他现在觉得很轻松。

② A relaxed atmosphere made me feel better. 轻松的气氛使我感觉好多了。

③ He was lying in the sun looking very relaxed and happy.

他躺在阳光下,看上去很轻松愉快。

11. asleep, sleepy和sleep的用法

★asleep用作形容词,意思是“睡着的”,表示一种状态,在句子中一般作表语,不能放在名词的前面作定语。如:

 ① He was very tired and soon fell asleep. 他很疲劳,不久就睡着了。

② He seems to be fast asleep. 他似乎睡得很香。

③ He was asleep with his head on his arm. 他把头枕在手臂上睡着了。

★sleepy也是形容词,意思是“困的”“欲睡的”,在句子中既可以作定语修饰名词,也可以作表语。如:

 ① This is a small sleepy village. 这是一个宁静的小村庄。

② She always has a sleepy expression. 她总是没有精神。

③ I’m sleepy. I want to go to sleep. 我困了,要去睡觉了。

★sleep既可以用作动词也可用作名词,意思是“睡觉”。如:

 ① He slept very badly. 他睡眠很不好。

② Don’t wake him up. Let him sleep on. 别叫醒他。让他继续睡吧。

③ As he slept, he dreamed a dream. 他睡着的时候做了一个梦。

④ He was very tired and soon got to sleep. 他很疲劳,不久就睡着了。

⑤ She fell into a deep sleep. 她睡熟了。

12. Mr Jiang was very happy with his robot. 江先生对他的机器人感到很满意。

★be happy with意为“对……感到满意”。如:

 ① She is not happy with her present job. 她对现在的工作并不满意。

② He was not happy with your explanation. 他对你的解释不满意。

③ I’m not very happy with what you have done.  我不是很满意你的所作所为。

★be pleased with和be satisfied with都可表示“对……满意”的意思,与be happy with同义。如:

 ① She was pleased with her new room. 她对她的新房间很满意。

② My parents aren’t at all pleased with me at the moment. 目前父母对我很不满意。

③ He was looking very pleased with himself, so I knew he had passed the test.

他看上去对自己很满意,所以我知道他已经通过了考试。

④ I was not satisfied with the result. 我对那个结果感到不满意。

⑤ They asked for white wine, but I think they’d be satisfied with red wine.

他们不要喝白葡萄酒,但我想给他们来点红葡萄酒他们也会感到满意的。

⑥ She is satisfied with her son’s progress. 她对她儿子的进步很满意。

13. But then, things started to go wrong. 但是接下来情况就开始出问题了。

★go wrong意为“出毛病”“不对头”“失败”“搞错”“弄错”。如:

 ① Something has gone wrong with the engine. 发动机出毛病了。

② Everything has gone wrong today. 今天事事不对劲。

③ All our plans went wrong. 我们所有的计划都失败了。

④ If you read the instructions, you will see where you went wrong.

你要是看一下说明书就知道你错在哪儿了。

⑤ I’m afraid we’ve gone wrong. We should have taken the other road.

我们恐怕走错了路。我们应该走另外那条路。

14. The robot caught a virus and caused a lot of problems.

这个机器人感染了病毒,产生了许多问题。

★caught用作动词,意为“感染”“患病”。如:

 ① He caught a cold. 他感冒了。

② My computer has caught a virus. 我的计算机感染了病毒。

③ I’ve got a terrible cold. I must have caught it from someone at work.

我得了重感冒,准是从我同事那儿传染的。

④ She caught a fever so she couldn’t go to school.

她发烧了,所以不能去上学。

★catch用作动词,可表示“捉住”“逮住”“钩住”“截住”。如:

 ① The policeman has caught the murderer alive. 警察已把凶手活捉。

② Yesterday he caught some fish. 昨天他抓到了几条鱼。

③ A nail caught her dress. 一枚钉子钩住了她的衣服。

④ Hank was caught in the earthquake. 汉克被地震所困。

⑤ I threw the ball to him and he caught it. 我把球扔给他,他接住了。

★catch用作动词,还可表示“赶上”“赶到”的意思。如:

 ① He didn’t appear at the meeting, because he didn’t catch the train.

他没来开会是因为他没赶上火车。

② He caught the bus into town. 他坐公共汽车去城里。

③ We arrived just in time to catch the beginning of the film. 我们刚好赶上电影开场。

④ I ran to catch the last bus. 我跑着去赶最后一班车。

★catch用作动词,还可表示“听清楚”“理解”“领会”的意思。如:

 ① Sorry, I didn’t catch you just now. 对不起,我刚才没听清楚你说什么。

② I’m sorry, I didn’t catch what you said. 很抱歉,我没有听懂你的话。

③ I don’t quiet catch the idea. 我不十分明白那意思。

④ I don’t catch the meaning of this sentence. 我不理解这个句子的意思。

★“catch + sb. + doing”意为“偶然撞见”“发觉”。如:

 ① I caught him stealing. 我发现他在偷东西。

② The teacher caught him sleeping in the class. 老师发觉他在上课时打瞌睡。

③ I caught him taking a pen from my pencil-box. 我碰巧撞见他从我的铅笔盒里拿钢笔。

【注】catch构成的常用短语有catch up with意为“赶上”,后接人或事;catch sight of意为“看见”;catch hold of意为“抓住”。如:

 ① He was walking very fast and I had to run to catch up with him.

他走得很快,我要连走带跑才赶得上他。

② Go on ahead, I’ll soon catch up with you. 请你先走,我很快就会赶上来。

③ Work hard and you will catch up with the others. 努力学,你会赶上其他人的。

④ I caught sight of the man at the end of the street. 我在这条街的尽头见到了那个人。

⑤ Please catch hold of the rope. 请抓住绳子。

⑥ He was caught hold of by the arm. 他被抓住了手臂。

15. While Mr. Jiang was at work, the robot would knock things over.

江先生在工作的时候,机器人会把东西撞倒。

★knock sth. /sb. over意思是“撞倒/撞翻某物或某人”。如:

 ① You’ve knocked over my drink. 你把我的饮料打翻了。

② I’m sorry to knock you over. 非常抱歉,我把你撞倒了。

③ Be careful not to knock over the children. 小心别把孩子们撞倒了。

★knock down意为“击倒”“撞倒”,强调“倒下”,还可表示“拆除”的意思。如:

 ① He knocked down the thief. 他把小偷打倒了。

② His son was knocked down by a car. 他的儿子被汽车撞倒了。

③ He knocked his match down with a blow. 他一拳把他的对手击倒。

④ He almost knocked me down before he saw me. 他几乎把我撞倒了才看见我。

⑤ These old buildings will be knocked down soon. 这几幢老房子很快就要被拆掉了。

★knock用作动词,意为“敲”“击”“碰”。如:

 ① Be careful not to knock your head when you get up. 起床的时候,小心撞头。

② He knocked the vase onto the floor. 他把花瓶碰到了地上。

③ Someone is knocking at/on the door. 有人敲门。

④ He knocked (=hit) his head on/against the wall. 他的头撞在了墙上。

⑤ Can you hear somebody knocking at the door? 你听到有人在敲门吗?

★knock用作名词时,意为“短促的敲或打(的声音)”“(发动机的)爆震声”“(板球的)一局”,词组take a knock意为“蒙受经济或感情上的打击”。如:

 ① If you not up by eight o’clock I will give you a knock.

要是8点钟你还不起床,我就来敲你的门。

② He fell off his bike and got a nasty knock. 他从自行车上摔下来,摔得很重。

③ What’s that knock I can hear? 我听到发动机有爆震声是怎么回事啊?

④ That was a good knock: 86 not out. 那局真漂亮,打了86分还未出局。

⑤ She took a bad knock when her husband died. 她丈夫的死使她受到了沉重的打击。

16. When Mr. Jiang got home, he would find his flat in a mess: food was on the floor and his books were in the sink.

江先生到家时,他发现屋子里乱七八糟:食物在地上,他的书在厨房中洗涤槽里。

★mess用作名词,指“脏或乱的状态”。如:

 ① The kitchen is a mess. 这厨房很脏乱。

② The children have made an awful mess in the room. 孩子们把这房间弄得凌乱不堪了。

③ The spilt milk made a terrible mess on the floor. 洒出的牛奶把地上弄得一塌糊涂了。

★mess用作名词,还可表示“困难或紊乱的状态”“杂乱”的意思。如:

 ① My life is in real mess. 我的生活真是狼狈。

② You’ve made a mess of the job. 你把你的工作弄得一团糟。

★mess作动词用,意思是“把弄乱”“把弄脏”“胡闹”“瞎逛”等。如:

 ① Don’t mess you hair. 别把你的头发弄乱了。

② Stop messing about and come and help. 别胡闹了,过来帮帮忙。

③ I love just messing about in the garden. 我就喜欢在花园里闲逛。

17. In the end, Mr. Jiang sent the robot back to the robot shop.

最后,江先生把机器人送回了机器人商店。

★in the end意为“终于”“最后”,表示经过许多变化或周折,最后发生了某事。如:

 ① He worked hard, and in the end he succeeded. 他努力工作,最后他成功了。

② In the end he won their trust. 最终他赢得了他们的信任。

③ I’m sure everything will turn out satisfactory in the end.

我确信,最后一切都会令人满意的。

④ In the end things will mend. 船到桥头自然直。

⑤ We did experiment after experiment, and in the end we got a good harvest of rice in Africa.

我们做了一个又一个实验,终于在非洲获得了水稻大丰收。

【注】in the end, at last和finally虽然都译作“最后”“终于”,但他们在使用中是有明显区别的。

   in the end表示经过许多变化、困难或捉摸不定的情况后发生了某事,也许是期待中的情况,也许是非期待中的情况;而at last仅仅用于表示经过周折、等待或努力出现所期待的结果,不用于出现非期待的结果;finally既可用于表示时间位置,相当于in the end,也可用于表示时间的先后顺序,如同first(ly), second(ly), third(ly), next, then, last, lastly等词的用法。试比较:

 ① He failed the examination three times but in the end/at last/finally he passed.

他三次没有通过考试,但是最后终于通过了。

② My son is at home in the end/at last. 我儿子终于回家了。

③ They did not pay any attention. In the end/finally, I could not bear it.

他们置之不理,最后,我忍无可忍了。(不宜用at last)

④ In the end, I think one must blame these children’s parents.

我想,到后来人们要责怪的还是这些孩子的家长。(不宜用at last)

⑤ Finally, I’d like to thank you all for coming and wish you a safe journey home.

最后,我要感谢诸位的光临,并祝大家回去一路顺风。(不宜用in the end或at last)

★at the end of意为“在……的末了”“在……的一端”。一般说来,at the end of用于表示具体事物或场所,也可以用来表示比喻意。如:

 ① The school is situated at the end of the street. 该校位于这条街的尽头。

② We’ll have an exam in English at the end of January. 一月底我们要参加英语考试。

③ There is a fountain at the end of garden. 花园的尽头有一个喷水池。

④ At the end of six months he had learned enough to read.

六个月后,他就达到能阅读的程度了。

⑤ They were at the end of their patience. 他们忍无可忍。

★by the end of用于表示时间的场合,往往含有“不迟于”的意味。值得注意的是,at the end of亦可用于表示时间的场合(如例句②),但其意思与by the end of有所不同,at the end of January意为“一月底(指一月份的最后一天)”,而by the end of January意为“一月底之前(指一月份结束前的几天)”。如:

 ① We are to complete the task by the end of the year. 年底之前我们必须完成此项任务。

② The project will have been finishing 1/2 by the end of this month.

这个月底我们的工作能完成一半。

③ By the end this month, a new Olympic-standard swimming pool will have been built.

在这个月底,一个新的奥运会级别的游泳池将会建成。

④ By the end of last term, we had studied English for three years.

到上学期结束时,我们已学了三年英语了。

18. The robot was just too much trouble. 机器人实在太麻烦了。

★too much意为“太”,可用作形容词、副词或代词。too much用来修饰不可数名词,在句中作定语,放在不可数名词前;也可用来修饰动词,在句中作状语,放在动词后,还可单独使用,相当于一个代词,在句中作主语、宾语或表语。如:

 ① I think Americans have too much meat. 我认为美国人肉吃的太多了。

② I have spent too much time on her. 我在她身上花的时间太多了。

③ We have got too much homework to do. 我们有太多的作业要做。

④ It’s bad for your eyes to watch TV too much. 电视看得太多对你的眼睛有害。

⑤ Too much has been said about this topic. 关于这个话题谈论得太多了。

⑥ It’s bad for your eyes to watch TV too much. 电视看得太多对你的眼睛有害。

★much too意为“太”“十分”,在句中用作副词,修饰形容词或其他副词。如:

 ① This paper is much too difficult for students. 这份试卷对学生来说太难了。

② The digital camera is much too expensive. 数码相机太贵了。

③ Let us have a rest. We are much too tired today. 让我们休息一下吧,我们今天太累了。

④ He eats too much meat, so he is much too fat. 他过多地吃肉,所以胖得过头了。

⑤ Accidents like this happen much too often. 这样的事故发生地太频繁了。

19. trouble一词的用法

★trouble用作名词,意为“烦恼”“困难”“麻烦”“疾病”等。如:

 ① His life is full of trouble. 他的生活充满了烦恼。

② We can read trouble on his face. 从他脸上我们可以看出他正在烦恼。

③ What the trouble? 有什么困难吗?

④ I hope I have not given you any trouble. 我希望没有给您增添麻烦。

⑤ Please tell me about your trouble. 请把你的烦恼告诉我。

⑥ I’ve got back trouble (heart trouble) again. 我的背痛(心脏病)又犯了。

⑦ Thank you for your all trouble. 多谢你费心。

★trouble用作动词,意为“麻烦”“打扰”“使烦恼”。如:

 ① What’s troubling you? 什么使你心神不定?

② I’m sorry to trouble you, but do you think you could call me back later?

真抱歉麻烦你,请你稍后给我回电话好吗?

③ I’m afraid I must trouble you to come to the office. 我恐怕得麻烦你到办公室来一趟。

④ Can I trouble you with one more question. 我可以再提一个问题麻烦你吗?

⑤ That student sometimes troubled the teacher with difficult questions.

那个学生有时问难答的问题使老师头痛。

⑥ You look troubled; is anything worrying you? 你好像很烦恼,有什么事使你不安吗?

★in trouble意为“处于困境之中”“处于麻烦之中”。如:

 ① Don’t hesitate to ask me for help when you are in trouble.

有困难时不要不好意思向我求助。

② If I don’t get home by 11 o’clock, I’ll be in trouble.

如果我在11点钟前不能回到家里,就会有麻烦。

③ He was said to be in trouble with the boss. 据说他受到了老板的训斥。

★get into trouble意思为“陷入困境”。如:

 ① He is always getting into trouble. 他总是遇到麻烦。

② If you don’t take your teacher’s advice, you will get into trouble.

如果你不听老师的忠告,你会陷入麻烦的。

★have trouble in doing sth.意思为“做某事有困难”,此时的trouble相当于difficulty, problem等,其中的in可以省略。如:

 ① I have some trouble (in) reading her handwriting. 我认她的笔迹有困难。

② We had no trouble (in) finding her house. 我们毫不费力地找到了她家。

③ I have trouble getting the car started. 我没有办法开动车了。

★ask/look for trouble意为“自找麻烦”。如:

 ① Driving like that he is just asking for trouble. 他那样开车是自找麻烦。

② You must be careful. Don’t look for trouble. 你得小心,不要自找麻烦。

★make trouble意为“惹麻烦”“惹事”。如:

 ① That boy often makes trouble for his teachers. 那男孩常使老师们感到头痛。

② He often makes trouble for me. 他经常跟我过不去。

③ His son often makes trouble at school. 他儿子在学校经常惹事。

★put sb. to the trouble (of…)意为“麻烦某人”“打扰某人”。如:

 ① I’m to put you to so much trouble. 对不起,给你添了那么多麻烦。

② I don’t want to put you to trouble of meeting me at the station.

我不想麻烦你到车站去接我。

★take (the) trouble to do/over sth. 意思为“不辞辛劳做某事”。如:

 ① We must thank you for taking the trouble to cook us a meal.

我们一定要感谢你不辞辛劳地为我们做饭。

② He took a lot of trouble over the design. 他花了许多工夫设计这份图样。

③ The boss took the trouble to explain the situation to me.

老板特地把情况解释给我听。

★The trouble is (that)…意思为“麻烦是……”“困难在于……”。如:

 ① The trouble is that he doesn’t have enough money. 困难在于他缺钱。

② The trouble is that we don’t know her address. 麻烦就在于我们不知道她的地址。

③ The trouble is that we can’t understand each other. 困难就在于我们无法相互理解。

★What troubles me is…意为“使我不安的是……”。如:

 ① What troubles me is that he is suffering from heart trouble.

使我不安的是他患有心脏病。

② What troubles me most is that he didn’t take an umbrella with him in such a rainy day.

最让我不安的是在这样的雨天他没有带伞。

③ What troubles me is that I don’t know how to comfort him.

让我感到不安的是我不知道该怎样安慰他。

19. the process of washing clothes洗衣服的过程

★process用作名词,意为“过程”“进程”“步骤”“流程”“做事方法”。如:

 ① China has begun the difficult process of reforming the education system.

中国已经开始了教育制度改革的艰难历程。

② I’m afraid getting things changed will be a slow process.

做任何改革恐怕都会是个缓慢的过程。

③ We’re in the process of selling our house. 我们正在出售自家的住宅。

④ People are afraid of the ageing process. 人们害怕自己的老化过程。

⑤ It’s a normal part of the learning process. 那是学习过程中的正常现象。

⑥ The Middle East peace process is going on slowly. 中东和平进程进展缓慢。

⑦ The producing process of this kind of machines is easy to master.

这种机器的制造方法不难掌握。

★process用作动词,表示“加工”“冲印(照片)”“处理”或“审阅”“审核”“处理(文件、请求等)”。如:

 ① Most of the food we buy is processed in some way.

我们买的大部分食品都用某种方法加工过。

② We sell processed cheese. 我们销售加工好的干酪。

③ I sent three rolls of film away to be processed. 我送了三个胶卷去冲印。

④ That is the biggest sewage processing plant in the city.

那是这个城市最大的污水处理厂。

⑤ It will take a week for your application to be processed.

审核你的申请需要一周时间。

21. made clothes smooth with an iron 用熨斗把衣服熨平整

★smooth用作形容词,意为“平整的”“平滑的”“光滑的”。如:

 ① It feels very smooth. 它摸上去很平整。

② She makes her clothes smooth with an iron every evening.

  她每天晚上都把自己的衣服熨烫平整。

③ The sea was smooth. 海上风平浪静。

④ The piece of wood is very smooth. 这块木板非常光滑。

⑤ The baby’s skin is very smooth. 婴儿的皮肤非常光滑。

★smooth用作形容词,还要表示“平稳的”“顺利的”。如:

 ① He brought the car to a smooth stop. 他把汽车稳地煞住。

② Our plan made a smooth landing. 我们乘坐的飞机平稳地降落了。

③ Our trip to Beijing was very smooth. 我们的北京之行一帆风顺。

④ The process in this matter has not been smooth. 这件事的进展不大顺利。

★smooth用作动词,意为“弄平”“使光滑”“使平顺”。如:

 ① She smoothed her dress. 她把衣服捋平。

② The sea has smoothed down. 海上风平浪静。

③ Don’t forget to smooth down the board before you apaint it.

刷油漆之前别忘了把木板弄平滑。

④ He is smoothing the soil in a flower bed. 他在平整花圃的泥土。

★smoothly用作副词,意为“顺利地”“平滑地”。如:

 ① The lift didn’t work smoothly. 这电梯运转得不顺畅。

② My work has been going quite smoothly. 我的工作进展得很顺利。

22. Will a robot bring any bad changes to your life?

机器人会给你的生活带来一些不好的改变吗?

★bring用作动词,意为“带来”“取来”或者“带……到某处”,强调从别处拿到说话者处,常用bring sth. to sb.和bring sb. sth.结构。如:

 ① Please bring me that book. 请把那本书拿给我。

② Don’t forget to bring her some flowers. 不要忘记给她带些花来。

③ They didn’t bring any present to the boy when they came on that day.

那天他们来时没有给这男孩带任何礼物。

④ Did you bring your photos to your friends?

你把你的照片给你的朋友带来了吗?

★bring用作动词时,有“能售得(某一价格)”“能产生(收入、收益)”的意思。如:

 ① The old car will bring about £10. 这辆旧车大约可卖十英镑。

② His writing brought him lots of money last year. 去年写作为他赚了很多钱。

★bring用作动词时,还有“导致”“引起”的意思。如:

 ① The bad news brought tears to his eyes. 坏消息使他不禁流下了眼泪。

② The opening brought many changes. 开放引起了许多变化。

【注】bring, take, fetch, get和carry的异同。这五个词都可以作“拿”“取”“带”解,其区别重要在于:bring指从别处向说话人所在位置或地方拿,多译作“取来”“拿来”;take指从说话人处“将……拿(带)走”;fetch和get基本相同,都表示专程“去某处将……拿(带)来”,其中get较口语化;carry没有方向性,但含有负重的含义,可以理解为“扛”“背”“提”等。如:

 ① Remember to bring your homework next time. 下次记住把家庭作业带来。

② Take away the empty box and bring me a full one.

把这只空盒子拿走,给我拿一盒满的来。

③ I still remember being taken to Taiwan by my uncle when I was very young.

我仍然记得在我很小的时候叔叔带我去台湾的情景。

④ He took his coat and left. 他拿了自己的外套后离去。

⑤ The chair is in the garden, please fetch it. 椅子在院里,请把它搬来。

⑥ He was sent to the office to fetch the paper. 他被派去办公室拿文件了。

⑦ May I get a cup of tea for you? 可以给你拿杯茶吗?

⑧ You’d better get the child along to a hospital. 你最好送那孩子去医院。

⑨ Could you carry these books to your classroom? 你们能够把这些书拿到教室里去吗?

⑩ The bus can carry more than 80 people. 这公共汽车能够载八十多人。

23. Some changes are good but some are not. 有些变化是好的,但有些并不好。

★change用作可数名词,意为“改变”“变化”“变换”“替换物”。如:

 ① Did you see the change of his expression? 你看到他表情的变化了吗?

② I want to make a change in the plan. 你想把计划作一点改变。

③ There have been many changes in the village since I lived there as a boy.

自从我孩提时代住在那儿以来,这村子经过了许多变迁。

④ There was little change in his living condition. 他的生活境况没有多大变化。

⑤ Let’s go to a restaurant for a change. 我们去饭馆换换口味吧。

⑥ Take two changes of clothes with you. 带两套换洗的衣服。

★change用作不可数名词,意为“零钱”“找的钱”。如:

 ① I have no change with/on/about me. 我身边没零钱。

② Can you give me change for a one-pound note? 你能替我换一镑零钱吗?

③ He needs some change for a phone. 他需要零钱打电话。

④ Here is your change, sir. 先生,这是找给你的钱。

★change用作动词,意为“改变”“变(换)”。如:

 ① He wants to change his job. 他想换一份工作。

② I’m sorry I have changed my mind. 对不起,我已经改变主意了。

③ The wind has changed its direction. 风向变了。

④ Can I change seats with you? 我可以和你换换座位吗?

⑤ You have changed a lot since I last saw you. 自从我上次看到你以来,你的变化很大。

⑥ The traffic light changed from red to green. 交通灯从红色变成了绿色。

★change…into…意为“变成”“使变成”,该短语中change可作及物动词,也可作不及物动词。介词into表示从一种状态或形态变成另一种状态或形状。如:

 ① Can you change the sentence into a question? 你能把这个句子变成问句吗?

② He wanted to change RMB into dollars. 他想把人民币换成美金。

③ The next morning, the water had changed into ice. 次日早晨,水结成了冰。

④ My hometown has changed into a beautiful modern city.

我的家乡已变成了一个美丽的现代化城市。

24. So can you stay in bed for a bit longer? 如此说来你能在床上多呆一会儿吗?

★stay用作不及物动词,意为“停留”“逗留”。如:

 ① Stay in your classroom until it is time to go home.

在教室里一直呆到你们该回家的时间。

② He stayed with his father while he was ill. 当他生病时,他和父亲待在一块儿。

③ The doctor told him that he would have to stay in hospital for another two weeks.

医生告诉他,病人还得在医院住两个星期。

④ Won’t you stay for supper? 留下来吃晚饭好吗?

⑤ I’m not staying at a hotel; I’m staying with friends.

我没有住旅馆,我住在朋友家。

【注】表示“住旅馆”时常说stay at/in a hotel,而不宜说live at/in a hotel。

★stay用作连系动词,意为“持续不变”“保持”,其后通常接形容词、介词短语等作表语。如:

 ① You can’t expect to stay young forever. 你不能期望永远年轻。

② He still stays single. 他仍然是单身。

③ The shop stays open till 6 pm. 商店开门到下午六点。

④ The patient’s temperature stayed around 40℃。 病人的体温持续在40摄氏度左右。

⑤ What a lovely day! I hope it’ll stay fine. 多好的天啊!我希望能一直晴下去。

★stay out是一个习惯短语,意为“留在外面”“在外过夜”。如:

 ① Don’t stay out. It’s dangerous. 不要呆在外面,太危险了。

② Her mother was worried when she stayed out so late.

她这么晚不回家,她的母亲非常担忧。

★stay up意为“熬夜”“通宵不睡”。如:

 ① Don’t stay up too late. It’s bad for your health. 不要熬夜太晚,这对你身体不好。

② We sometimes let the children stay up late. 有时我们让孩子们晚一点睡。

★stay away意为“远离某人或某物”,常与from连用。如:

 ① Stay away from my daughter! 离我的女儿远点。

② She was ill and stayed away from school for two days. 她病了,两天没上学。

★stay in意为“呆在家里”。如:

 ① In the evenings, we usually stay in and read. 晚上我们通常呆在家里看书。

② I won’t go out today; I’ll stay in and work. 今天我不出去了,我留在家里工作。

★stay用作名词,意为“停留”时是可数名词,但通常用单数形式,表示在某地的停留期间,其前可用介词during,一般不用in。如:

 ① He had a short stay here. 他曾在这里短期停留过。

② I went to see my aunt during my stay in Beijing. 在北京逗留期间,我去看了我姑姑。

25. a bit与a little的用法比较

★a bit和a little用在肯定句中修饰形容词或副词时可通用,表示“一点”,“有些”。如:

 ① It’s a bit/a little cold today. 今天有点冷。

② He’s a bit/a little tried. 他有点疲倦。

③ This pair of shoes is a bit/a little too large for me. 这双鞋我穿有点大。

★然而not a bit和not a little的意思完全相反。not a bit表示“一点也不”;not a little表示“非常”,相当于very。如:

 ① I’m not a bit tired. 我一点也不疲倦。

② I’m not a little tired. 我非常疲倦。

★用a bit of或a little修饰不可数名词,表示“少量的”“一点”。如:

 ① Please give me a bit of/a little bread. 请给我一点面包。

② Please lend me a bit of/a little money. 请借给我一些钱。

【注】a little of后面的名词一般为特指,表示“……中的一些”。如:

 ① May I have a bit of/a little of your ink? 用一点你的墨水好吗?

26. laugh一词的用法

★laugh用作动词,意为“笑”“大笑”。如:

 ① His joke made everyone laugh. 他讲的笑话使得人人都笑了。

② They all laughed to themselves. 他们都暗自发笑。

③ Her eyes are laughing. 他的眼里露出笑意。

④ It’s was so funny that we couldn’t stop laughing.

这太好笑了,我们忍不住大笑起来。

⑤ Nobody laughs at his jokes. 没有人听了他的笑话而发笑。

★laugh out loud意为“放声大笑”。如:

 ① They all laughed out loud when they heard his story.

听了他的故事后,他们都放声大笑起来。

② Don’t laugh out loud. They are having a meeting. 不要大声笑,他们在开会。

★laugh at somebody意为“嘲笑某人”“讥笑某人”,是贬义的短语。如:

 ① Don’t laugh at a person who is in trouble. 不要嘲笑处于困境的人。

② She is not afraid to laugh at herself. 她不怕自我解嘲。

③ It’s not polite to laugh at others. 嘲笑别人是不礼貌的。

④ Don’t laugh at him. He can’t help the way he speaks.

别笑他,他实在改不掉那样的说话方式。

★laugh用作名词,意为“笑声”“笑”。如:

 ① He said with a short laugh. 他笑了笑说。

② Her jokes got a lot of laughs. 她的笑话博得了不少笑声。

③ We all had a good laugh at what he had written. 他写得东西叫我们笑得很开心。

④ His story raised a laugh in the whole class. 他的故事使得全班笑起来。

27. Miss you. 思念你。

★miss用作及物动词,意为“相念”“思念”。如:

 ① We’ll miss you very much if you move. 如果你搬家,我们会很想念你的。

② We’ve missed you badly since you left. 你走之后,我们都非常想念你。

③ What did you miss most when you lived abroad? 你在国外生活的时候最怀念的是什么?

★miss用作动词,表示“错过”“没赶上”。如:

 ① You can’t afford to miss meals when you are in training.

你在接受训练时,可不能不吃饭啊。

② She said she was sorry to have missed you. 她说她没有见着你很遗憾。

③ She regretted having missed the film. 她后悔没看上那场电影。

④ I’m afraid we have missed the point. 恐怕我们没有抓住要点。

⑤ His house is on the left side at the end of the road, so you can’t miss it.

他的房子在道路尽头的左边,所以你不会看不见的。

★miss用作动词,意为“漏掉”“没打中”“没接住”。如:

 ① He shot at the bird but missed. 他向鸟开枪,但是没有打中。

② I threw the ball to him but he missed it. 我把球扔给他,但他没有接着。

③ You have missed out one word. 你漏掉了一个字。

★missing用作形容词,意为“丢失的”“下落不明的”。如:

 ① He is said to be missing. 据说他失踪了。

② Is anything else missing? 还有什么东西丢失吗?

③ The little boy has been missing from home for two days.

那个小男孩已经失踪两天未归了。

28. Usually, the clauses begin with words such as ‘when’, ‘since’, ‘because’ and ‘where’.

通常,这些从句都以 ‘when’, ‘since’, ‘because’和 ‘where’此类词开头。

★usually用作副词,意为“通常地”“平常地”“惯常地”。如:

 ① What time do you usually get up? 你平常什么时候起床?

② I am not usually so late. 我平时并不来得这么迟。

③ The baby usually wakes up at six. 这婴儿通常六点醒来。

④ Usually, they go out on Sundays. 他们通常星期天外出。

★usual用作形容词,意为“通常的,惯常的”,用来指事物,含有“由于长时间没有变化而形成了一种习惯或制度”之意,其反义词为unusual。如:

 ① He arrived later than usual. 他到得比平时晚。

② It is usual for him to sit up late at night. 他对熬夜已习以为常。

③ I sat in my usual seat. 我坐在惯常坐的座位上。

④ It’s a usual thing with him. 这对他来说是平常事。

★as usual是一个习惯短语,意为“跟往常一样”“像平常一样”“照例”。如:

 ① As usual, he had forgotten something. 他跟往常一样又忘了什么东西。

② As usual, Mark was the last to arrive. 跟往常一样,马克是最后一个到的。

③ He works very hard as usual. 他跟往常一样努力工作。

29. begin with的用法

★ begin with意为“以……开始”“以……开头”。如:

 ① The meeting began with a song. 那次会议是以一首歌开始的。

② This word begins with “L”. 这个单词以“L”开头。

③ A year begins with January. 一年开始于1月。

④ The story began with a plane crash. 这个故事以一宗飞机坠毁事件为开始。

★to begin with意为“首先”“第一”,主要指当说话或写作时有几个观点要表述,可以按顺序优先依次用to begin with, secondly等来表示。

 ① It can’t be done. To begin with, there’s no time to plan it, and secondly, we haven’t got enough men.

这事无法做。首先,没有时间制定计划;第二,人手不够。

② We can’t possibly go. To begin with, it’s too far and we can’t afford it either.

我们不可能去。一来那里太远了;二来我们也没有那么多钱。

③ I am not going. To begin with I have no ticket, and secondly I don’t like this play.

我不去。一来我没有票,二来我不喜欢这部戏。

④ I can’t come. To begin with, I have no time. Besides, I don’t feel well.

我不能来。第一是没有时间;其次是因为身体不太舒服。

★to begin with意为“起初”“开始”,相当于at first。如:

 ① To begin with, we had very little support. 开始时,我们几乎没有多少支持。

② To begin with he had no money, but later he became quite rich.

开始时他没有钱,后来他相当富有了。

③ To begin with, the weather was bad, but it improved later in the week.

这周开始天气很差,但后来好转了。

★begin by意为“以某种方式开始”。如:

 ① The teacher began by telling a joke. 老师上课前先讲了个笑话。

② I should like to begin by thanking everybody for coming. 首先,我想谢谢各位光临。

③ I began by explaining the situation. 我以解释情况作为开始。

30. Do not try to repair the robot yourself unless you are an expert.

如果你不是内行的话,你就别设法自己去修机器人。

★try to do的意思是“尽力去做(某事)”,相当于try one’s best to do。如:

 ① We tried to stop him smoking in bed, but he would not do it.

我们大家试图阻止他在床上吸烟,但他就是不听。

② Of course the exercises are difficult, but you must try to do them by yourself.

当然这些练习是很难的,但你必须设法独立完成。

③ He tried to pass the exam, but failed. 他尽力想通过考试,但是没能及格。

④ Please try to be home by eleven o’clock. 请尽量在十一点之前回家。

⑤ I tried hard not to laugh when I saw his new haircut.

  看到他新理的头发时,我强忍着才没笑出来。

★try doing表示“试着做(某事)”。如:

 ① If the car won’t start, try pushing it. 如果车发动不起来就试着推推它。

② Try putting the aerial over there-it might work better.

试试将天线放在那里--可能效果会好点。

③ If you can’t turn the key, try putting some oil in the lock.

如果你转不动钥匙,试着往锁里倒点油。

④ If it doesn’t work this way, why not try doing it another way?

如果这样不行的话,为什么不试着用另一种方法来做呢?

⑤ If something gets into your eye(s), try washing with cool boiled water as soon as possible.

如果遇到异物不慎进入眼里,尽快试着用凉开水冲洗。

【注】try to do是指“试图”“想要”“设法”“努力”去做某事,不强调结果,其结果可能完成(或成功),也可能没完成;而manage to do则表示“设法而且完成了(某件困难的事)”,且manage后只跟动词不定式。如:

 ① I managed to get what I wanted. 我设法得到了我想要的东西。

② Finally we managed to get there in time. 最终我们设法按时到了那儿。

③ How do you manage to stay so slim? 你是如何把身体保持得这么苗条的?

④ He managed to get the work done with very little help.

他在几乎没有帮助的情况下设法完成了工作。

⑤ He tried to escape from the fire, but couldn’t find the fire escapes.

他企图逃出火海,但找不到太平梯。(没成功)

⑥ He managed to escape from the fire, though hardly hurt.

尽管受了重伤,他还是设法逃离了火海。(成功了)

31. There is no need to send your robot back to the shop every year.

没有必要每年都把机器人送回商店。

★There’s no need for you to thank me可说成It’s not necessary for you to thank me,意思是“你不必谢我”。Need在这里是名词,表示“必要”“义务”,常用于There’s no need (for sb.) to do…句型,注意这里名词need后面用不定式作定语,而不用动词-ing形式。再如:

 ① There’s no need for you to come (=You don’t have to come) if you don’t want to.

如果你不想来,就不必来。

② There’s no need to hurry. We have still got a few minutes left.

不必匆忙,我们还有几分钟时间呢。

★名词need作“需要”“需求”解。如:

 ① He’s badly in need of a room to live in. 他急需一间房子居住。

② There’s a growing need for food in this area. 这一地区对食品的需要在增长。

③ They supplied all our needs. 他们向我们提供了一切需要的东西。

④ A friend in need is a friend indeed. 患难见真情。

⑤ We are collecting money for families in need (=poor families).

我们在为贫困家庭募捐。

【注】need可作情态动词或实义动词。在疑问句中,既可说Need he come?也可说Does he need to come? 在否定句中,既可说He needn’t come也可说He doesn’t need to come; 在陈述句中,need后面只能接不定式,不能用作情态动词,只能说He needs to come,不能说He need come。

【注】当我们说I didn’t need to go there时,其含义可能是So I didn’t go there,也可能是But I went there。

9B Unit 2 Robots(2)

第二单元 机器人

32. Unless you want a longer battery life, you can keep your robot switched on all the time.

如果你想缩短电池使用时间,你可以让你的机器人一直开着。

★switch on意为“打开”“接通电源”,相当于turn on。如:

 ① Please switch the radio on. I want to listen to the news.

请把收音机打开。我想听一下新闻。

② Switch on the light, please. It’s dark here. 请打开灯,这里太暗了。

③ Please switch it on if you want to watch TV. 如果你想看电视,请把它打开。

★switch off意为“关闭”“关掉电源”,相当于turn off。如:

 ① The TV made a loud noise. Please switch it off.

   这电视机发出的声音太吵闹了,请把它关掉。

② Switch off the TV when you are doing your homework. 做作业时,把电视关了。

③ Don’t forget to switch off the cooker. 别忘了关掉炉子。

★switch用作动词,意为“转变”“改变”“交换”。如:

 ① Don’t switch the subject of our conversation. 不要转移我们谈话的主题。

② They switched the light from green to red. 他们把绿灯换成了红灯。

③ He is always switching from one job to another. 他老是在变换工作。

④ The match has been switched from Saturday to Sunday. 比赛从星期六改到星期天进行。

★switch用作名词,意为“开关”“电闸”“改变”。如:

 ① I want to buy a light switch. 我想买一个电灯开关。

② Please turn off the switch. 请关掉开关。

③ There is a switch in the timetable. 时间表作了一个变更。

33. all the time等词组的用法

★all the time意为“一直”“一向”“向来”,强调在某一段时间内一直做某事。如:

 ① They are talking all the time. 他们一直在不停地交谈。

② The baby kept crying all the time. 那婴儿一直在不停地哭。

③ I looked everywhere for my keys and they were in the door all the time.

我到处找钥匙,没想到钥匙一直插在门上。

★at times=sometimes,意为“有时”“间或”。如:

 ① The tide is, at times, very high. 潮水有时会涨得很高。

② At times he is late for work. 有时候他上班迟到。

③ At times I go out to the beach. 有时候我到海滩去。

【注】times还要表示“时代”“时期”的意思。如:

 ① Work hard, or you will fall behind the times. 努力学习,不然你就会落后时代。

② Don’t worry about me. I’ll go with the times. 不要担心我,我会随大流。

③ He is one of the best writers of the times. 他是当代最伟大的作家之一。

④ Times are hard for the unemployed. 失业者的日子很难熬。

⑤ Computers are used in every field in modern times. 在现代电脑运用于各个领域。

⑥ Women were looked down upon in the ancient times. 妇女在古代受到歧视。

★at one time意为“从前”“曾经”。如:

 ① At one time there were not so many cars in the street. 从前街上没有那么多汽车。

② We were good friends at one time, but now we are not.

我们曾经是好朋友,但现在不是了。

★at a time意为“依次”“逐一”“每次”。如:

 ① We can’t do two things at a time. 我们不能一次做两件事。

② He slept for hours at a time. 他一次睡了几个小时。

③ The doctor asked me to take the bills two at a time. 医生叫我每次服两粒药。

★at the same time意为“同时”“但是”“然而”。如:

 ① Don’t all speak at the same time. 大家别同时说。

② She was laughing and crying at the same time. 他一面笑一面哭。

③ This is a difficult problem, at the same time it is very interesting.

这是个困难的问题,但却非常有趣。

④ It is expensive. At the same time, I think it is useful. 它很贵,但我认为它很实用。

★ahead of time意为“提前”。如:

 ① They finished the work ahead of time. 他们提前完成了任务。

② He handed in his paper ahead of time. 他提前交卷了。

③ They arrived ahead of time. 他们提前到达了。

★for the first time意思是“第一次”“首次”,表示有生以来或一段时间中第一次做某事,在句中一般单独作状语。如:

 ① They talked on the internet for the first time. 他们第一次在网上交谈。

② I saw her at the wedding party for the first time. 我第一次见她是在那次婚宴上。

③ He will go to Tibet for the first time this summer. 今天夏天他将第一次去西藏。

④ They were invited to an important ball for the first time in their life.

他们生平第一次应邀出席一个重要的舞会。

★in time意为“及时”“不太晚”“来得及”。如:

 ① If you hurry, you’ll be in time for the last bus. 如果你快点,你还能赶上最后一班车。

② He was just in time for the flight. 他刚好来得及赶上那班飞机。

③ She will be back in time to watch the football match. 她还来得及回来观看足球比赛。

★on time意为“准时”“不早不晚”。如:

 ① The train was on time. 火车很准时。

② He comes to school on time every day. 他每天准时到校。

③ The plane took off on time. 飞机准时起飞。

34. Unless you want your robot to go to school with you, we recommend that you keep it at home.

如果你不想让你的机器人和你一起去上学,我们建议你把它留在家里。

★recommend用作动词,意为“建议”,后接从句时,谓语动词常用虚拟语气,其中should或would可以省略。如:

 ① The teacher recommended that we should read the novel. 老师建议我们读那本小说。

② The doctor recommended that I (should) stay a few more days in hospital.

医生建议我在医院多呆几天。

③ Her father recommended that she (would) go there by plane.

她的父亲建议她乘飞机去那时。

【注】recommend sb. to do sth. 意为“劝告/建议某人做某事”。如:

 ① They recommended us to discuss the question with the others.

他们建议我们和其他人讨论一下这个问题。

② We’d recommend you to book your flight early. 我们建议你早点预订机票。

③ I recommended him to be careful with the work. 我告诉他工作要小心。

④ I’d not recommend you to go there alone. 我建议你不要孤身一人去那儿。

【注】recommend后可接doing,意为“劝告/建议做某事”,相当于recommend sb. to do sth.结构。如:

 ① I recommend meeting his first. 我建议先去看看他。

② I recommend buying this dictionary. 我建议买这本字典。

③ I recommended walking in the park first before shopping.

我建议先在公园散步,然后去买东西。

★recommend用作动词,还可表示“推荐”“介绍”。如:

 ① Can you recommend me some books to read? 你能不能给我推荐几本书看?

② You can recommend us another hotel. 你可以给我们再推荐一家旅馆。

③ I’ll go to see the doctor they recommended. 我将去找他们推荐的医生去看病。

④ He recommended this kind of soap to us. 他向我们推荐这种肥皂。

★recommend…for…意为“推荐……作某种用途/做某工作”。如:

 ① What would you recommend for getting ink stains from my blouse?

你说我用什么可以洗掉我衬衫上的墨水污痕?

② Who do you recommend for this job. 你推荐谁来干这个工作?

③ We recommended her for our monitor. 我们推荐她做我们的班长。

35. copy一词的用法

★copy用作名词,意为“副本”“复制品”“抄写”。如:

 ① I kept a copy of the letter I wrote. 我留下了一份我写的信的副本。

② The painting isn’t an original, of course, it is only a copy.

这油画当然并非真迹,只是复制品而已。

③ I need three copies of the letter. 这封信我需要三份复印件。

★copy用作动词,意为“制成副本”“抄写”“复写”“模仿”“抄袭”。如:

 ① Copy this passage in your notebook. 将这一节抄写在你们的笔记本上。

② Watch me and copy what I do. 看着我,照我的样子做。

③ I want you to copy carefully from this model. 我要你仔细地照这个模式仿制。

④ Please copy down his address. 请把他的地址抄下来。

⑤ It is illegal to copy videos. 复制录像带是违法的。

⑥ He was caught copying from his neighbor in the exam.

他被发现考试时抄袭邻座的答案。

36. I’m talking about a robot exhibition, not any other things related to robots.

我在谈论机器人展览会的事,而没有谈任何与机器人有关的事。

★related用作形容词,常与to连用,意为“与……有关的”或“与……有亲戚关系的”。如:

 ① The fall in the cost of living is directly related to the drop in the oil price.

生活费用下降直接与石油价格下跌有关。

② The related questions will be solved in three weeks.

相关问题会在三个星期后得到解决。

③ I am related to her by my marriage. 我与她有姻亲关系。

★relate用作动词,也常与to连用,可意为“把……联系起来”“叙述”有良好关系等。如:

 ① The police are still trying to relate these two pieces of evidence.

警方一直试图找出这两个证据的关联。

② I can’t relate what he does to what he says. 我无法将他所做的事和他说的话联系起来。

③ She related to them how it happened. 她给她们讲述事情发生的经过。

④ The two men just can’t relate to each other. 那两个人怎么也合不来。

★relation用作名词,可意为“关系”“亲戚”等。如:

 ① Relations between the two countries are getting worse.

这两个国家之间的关系正在日益恶化。

② He is a near/disant relation of mine. 他是我的近/远亲。

37. However, I am not at all satisfied with this robot and I would like to get my money back.

但是,我对这台机器人一点也不满意,我想拿回我的钱。

★句子中satisfied是形容词,意思是“满意的”“满足的”,用作表语时,其主语通常是人;也可用作定语,但也只能用来指人。be satisfied with是固定的词组,意思是“对……感到满意”。如:

 ① I felt quite satisfied after my big meal. 一顿大餐之后我感到很满足。

② I am satisfied with his answer. 我对他的回答感到满意。

③ Are you satisfied with what he said? 你对他所说的话满意吗?

④ He left my room with a satisfied smile. 他带着满意的微笑离开了我的房间。

⑤ He began to smoke a cigarette with a satisfied air. 他开始带着满意的神情抽烟。

★satisfying也是形容词,它的意思是“令人满意的”,通常用来作表语或定语,着重指一件事或一种情况。如:

 ① This is a satisfying result. 这是一个令人满意的结果。

② The dinner is satisfying. 这顿饭是令人满意的。

★satisfy用作动词,意思是“使满意”“满足”。如:

 ① Nothing satisfies him. He’s always complaining.

   没有什么东西能使他满意,他老是在发牢骚。

② The food satisfied his hunger. 这些食物使他消除了饥饿。

③ She has satisfied the conditions for entering the college.

她已经符合了这所学院的入学条件。

译林牛津模块7 Unit 2 Project 学案(译林牛津版高二英语选修七学案设计)

文章来源: http://www.chinamzsy.com

原文地址:http://www.chinamzsy.com/swsj/8250.html

« 上一篇:适用于春天的对联
» 下一篇:没有了

相关推荐